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Parental Time

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Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1415–1435.
Published: 14 August 2020
... the underlying mechanisms driving differences in noncognitive skills and other outcomes. This article provides empirical evidence that parental time investments, defined as the amount of time that parents spend participating in activities with their child, change differentially by child gender following...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1233–1247.
Published: 01 August 2022
...Jennifer March Augustine; Kate Prickett Abstract Public health measures aimed at curbing the transmission of COVID-19 increased parenting responsibilities during the early stages of the pandemic. This research note examines time-use data from the American Time Use Surveys to provide several fresh...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 1065–1091.
Published: 01 June 2021
... disparities in mothers' parenting time observed in earlier eras have continued to grow. Using the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) from 2003–2005 and 2015–2017 ( n = 13,755), we test this assumption by examining whether maternal education gaps in active time spent with children have persisted across the 2000s...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 885–919.
Published: 21 June 2016
... between 1930 and 1990, to examine not only the effect of parental education on union formation but also whether this effect changes over birth cohorts, periods, and the life course, and varies by gender. Results from discrete-time hazard analyses show little change in the effect of parental education...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1809–1831.
Published: 24 August 2020
... in the 2000s relative to the 1990s, but trends can vary depending on methodological choices. The increasing levels of parental wealth homogamy raise concerns that over time, partnering behavior has become more consequential for wealth inequality between couples. In this article, we study trends...
FIGURES | View All (7)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1867–1894.
Published: 04 October 2014
...Amy Hsin; Christina Felfe Abstract This study tests the two assumptions underlying popularly held notions that maternal employment negatively affects children because it reduces time spent with parents: (1) that maternal employment reduces children’s time with parents, and (2) that time...
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (2): 219–232.
Published: 01 May 1999
...Kenneth A. Couch; Mary C. Daly; Douglas A. Wolf Abstract We provide estimates of a reduced-form model of the allocation of household time and money resources. We consider four demands for these resources: time spent working, time spent providing care for noncoresident elderly parents, time spent...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1821–1842.
Published: 01 October 2022
...Robert F. Schoeni; Vicki A. Freedman; Jennifer C. Cornman; Judith A. Seltzer Abstract We examine older partnered parents' time spent with adult children in biological and step families, treating time together as an indication of relationship strength. Using a unique national sample of U.S. time...
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 01 August 2022
Fig. 2 Percentage of change in parenting time between 2019 and 2020 explained and unexplained by changes in the composition of the sample. Estimates are from results of the Kitagawa–Blinder–Oaxaca decomposition analyses presented in Table 6 . More
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (2): 391–395.
Published: 01 May 2005
...John F. Sandberg; Sandra L. Hofferth Abstract This article provides corrected estimates of the weekly time that 3- to 12-year-old children spent either directly engaged with their parents or with their parents accessible to them in 1997, replicating the figures presented in the original 2001...
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (1): 165–187.
Published: 01 February 2024
...Erin J. McCauley Abstract The timing and structure of fertility have important implications for individuals and society. Families play a critical role in fertility; however, little is known about how parental incarceration shapes fertility despite it being a common experience in the life course...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 25–49.
Published: 19 September 2012
...Liana Fox; Wen-Jui Han; Christopher Ruhm; Jane Waldfogel Abstract Using data from the 1967–2009 years of the March Current Population Surveys (CPS), we examine two important resources for children’s well-being: time and money. We document trends in parental employment, from the perspective...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (3): 423–436.
Published: 01 August 2001
...John F. Sandberg; Sandra L. Hofferth Abstract In this paper we examine changes in the time American children spent with their parents between 1981 and 1997, and the contribution to these changes made by shifting patterns of female labor force participation, family structure, and parental education...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 905–918.
Published: 25 April 2015
... and different-sex parents. On the other hand, most studies are limited by problems of sample selection and size, and few directly measure the parenting practices thought to influence child development. This research note demonstrates how the 2003–2013 American Time Use Survey ( n = 44,188) may help to address...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 477–501.
Published: 23 January 2019
... the association between parental union sex composition and children’s school progress changed over time. Data from the American Community Survey waves 2008–2015 ( N = 1,952,490 including 7,792 children living with a same-sex couple) indicate that children living with same-sex couples were historically more likely...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 11 October 2016
Fig. 2 Parents’ shared time with a spouse, 1965–2012 More
Image
Published: 01 February 2023
Fig. 4 Effect of the timing of parental death on boys' stature in centimeters (with 95% confidence intervals). The estimates are based on a linear regression model that controlled for socioeconomic status, birth region, birth cohort, and birth order. N = 4,166; reference group with both parents More
Image
Published: 17 March 2020
Fig. 1 Mean shared time for nonparents (panel a) and parents (panel b). * = Means for individuals in same-sex couples significantly different than means for individuals in different-sex couples ( p < .05). ^Means for men and women in same-sex couples are statistically different ( p < .05). More
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 285–301.
Published: 01 May 2004
... in a multivariate framework using 1995 data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation. We found that the choice of self-care over supervised care alternatives is linked to the availability of parentstime to care for children, the child’s level of responsibility and maturity, and the neighborhood context...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (3): 927–951.
Published: 19 May 2020
...’ time and place of birth as exogenous variation in the 2000 Census Korea 2% sample, we find that the strength of son preference formed at an early age is associated with the strength of son-favoring fertility behavior as adults. Our results indicate that parents are more likely to have a third child...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data