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Ordinal Nature

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Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (3): 423–429.
Published: 01 August 1984
...Arland D. Thornton; Ronald Freedman; Deborah S. Freedman 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1984 1984 Parity Group American Sociological Review Initial Parity Initial Expectation Ordinal Nature References Freedman R. , Freedman D. S...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1547–1574.
Published: 01 August 2021
... were asked, “In general, how is your health?,” with response options of excellent (1), very good (2), good (3), fair (4), and poor (5). Responses were reverse-coded and treated as ordinal indicators of latent subjective health. A distinct advantage of Add Health is the availability of two near...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 1999–2023.
Published: 31 October 2014
... respondents. Fourth, given distinct preferences for coding self-rated health (cf. Frisvold and Golberstein 2013 ; Riosmena et al. 2013 ), we consider both a five-category ordinal outcome and the dichotomy of “fair or poor” and “good or better” for childhood health ratings, with the latter used frequently...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (1): 57–73.
Published: 01 February 1974
... Career Plan Educational Aspiration Fertility Intention Status Deprivation References Bird Caroline ( 1970 ). Born Female . New York : David McKay Co., Inc. . Boyle Robert P. ( 1970 ). Path Analysis and Ordinal Data . American Journal of Sociology , 72 , 461 – 480...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2193–2227.
Published: 11 November 2019
... in the literature, we rescale the entropy score by the natural log of the number of groups and multiply by 100. The measure thus ranges from 0 to 100, with a score of 100 equaling perfect diversity in which all groups are represented evenly (i.e., make up the same proportion of the population), and a score of 0...
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Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 1–18.
Published: 01 March 1967
.... The first factor is that the curvature of the earth results in greater measure- ment error in the X, Y (rectangular co- ordinate) system than in the spherical co- ordinate system. The spherical nature of the earth produces curved vectors. The use of spherical trigonometry to calculate the vectors gives...
Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (1): 65–82.
Published: 01 February 1976
... is found for the first two hypotheses, and a mixed outcome for the third. INTRODUCTION If abortion is being made more avail- able, it is natural to ask whether a significant minority of couples are fore- going contraception in favor of repeated abortion or at least letting their contra- ceptive practice...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (1): 97–123.
Published: 01 February 1982
... Differentials within Large American Cities in 1890 . Human Ecology , 7 ( 4 ), 353 – 371 . 10.1007/BF00888102 Howard William Travis ( 1924 ). Public Health Administration and the Natural History of Disease in Baltimore, Maryland, 1797–1920 . Washington, D.C. : The Carnegie Institute...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (3): 313–327.
Published: 01 August 1996
... the 1968 sample households. 316 DEMOGRAPHY, VOLUME 33·NUMBER 3, AUGUST 1996 TABLE 1. MEAN HEALTH STATUS (BY MARITAL STATUS) 2. Our empirical models incorporate the ordinality of health reports. 3. Our analyses explicitly condition on selective survival to partici- pate in the 1984 survey (see appendix). 4...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1147–1193.
Published: 21 May 2018
... of Immigration Statistics, reports on enforcement programs published annually by the DHS, and collated records of local immigration ordinances—all of which provide a limited picture of subnational variation in enforcement. For one, the annual yearbook aggregates apprehensions by administrative area, which often...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 753–762.
Published: 09 January 2019
... discrimination ( colorism ) directly affects outcomes independent of racial or ethnic affiliation, the cross-sectional nature of most extant work and the possibility of endogeneity largely precludes drawing causal inferences. For example, genetic evidence confirms that African Americans who remained in the South...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1791–1819.
Published: 01 October 2022
... at Waves III, IV, and V, while occupational prestige is measured only at Wave IV. Education is an ordinal measure with five categories: less than high school (0), high school/GED (1), some college (2), college (3), and postgraduate (4). To measure personal income , respondents are asked at Waves III...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 699–724.
Published: 20 April 2011
... of the health indicators. The specification of complex error structures for a mixture of binary, ordinal, and continuous variables is also possible, unlike traditional methods of measurement error correction, such as regression calibration (Carroll et al. 2006 ), which can deal with only homogeneous sources...
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Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (1): 17–27.
Published: 01 February 2000
.... The nested logit groups similar choices and (as stated above) selectively relaxes the IIA assumption. The natural hierarchical structure in the case of the residency decision is to group the choice of children, as shown in Figure 1. Note that the nested logit does not impose a sequential decision- making...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (1): 113–135.
Published: 01 February 2007
... , N.R. , Rips , L.J. , & Shevell , S.K. ( 1986 ). “The Subjective Dates of Natural Events in Very Long-Term Memory.” . Cognitive Psychology , 17 , 139 – 77 . 10.1016/0010-0285(85)90006-4 Bush , T.L. , Miller , S.R. , Golden , A.L. , & Hale , W.E. ( 1989...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 147–159.
Published: 01 May 2001
...Vincent Kang Fu Abstract Most studies of racial intermarriage rely on the prevalence of intermarriage to measure the strength of group boundaries, without scrutinizing the nature of intermarriage pairings. Examination of intermarried couples’ characteristics reveals (1) that intermarriages...
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (3): 405–423.
Published: 01 August 1993
... Infectious Diseases: Control by Vaccination . Science , 215 , 1053 – 60 . 10.1126/science.7063839 Anderson Roy M. , & May Robert M. ( 1985 ). Vaccination and Herd Immunity to Infectious Diseases . Nature , 318 , 323 – 29 . 10.1038/318323a0 Anderson Roy M...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 951–974.
Published: 01 June 2021
... to physical violence and affecting the life course much like natural disasters ( Elliott 2015 ; Howell and Elliot 2019 ; Williams 2013 , 2015 ). Indeed, pronounced violence tends to overshadow other factors, such as institutional and infrastructural breakdowns and contexts of poverty and stress...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1473–1491.
Published: 26 August 2011
.... While the moment-magnitude scale measures energy released, the Mercalli scale evaluates the effect of the earthquake on the earth’s surface, humans, objects of nature, and human-made structures on a 12-point ordinal scale with the following categories: instrumental (I), feeble (II), slight (III...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1445–1472.
Published: 01 August 2021
..., and sex. We used the svy commands in Stata to account for the complex nature of the NHIS sampling design ( StataCorp 2017 ). Table 1 Unweighted Frequencies of Sexual Orientation by Cohorts, NHIS 2013–2018 Cohorts Sexual Orientation Baby Boomers+ Generation Xers Millennials...
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