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Neighborhood Effect

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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 1–31.
Published: 30 November 2017
...Andrew L. Hicks; Mark S. Handcock; Narayan Sastry; Anne R. Pebley Abstract Prior research has suggested that children living in a disadvantaged neighborhood have lower achievement test scores, but these studies typically have not estimated causal effects that account for neighborhood choice. Recent...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1069–1090.
Published: 09 May 2018
...Maarten van Ham; Sanne Boschman; Matt Vogel Abstract Studies of neighborhood effects often attempt to identify causal effects of neighborhood characteristics on individual outcomes, such as income, education, employment, and health. However, selection looms large in this line of research...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (3): 397–425.
Published: 01 August 2005
...Mark R. Montgomery; Paul C. Hewett Abstract In the United States and other high-income countries, there is intense scholarly and programmatic interest in the effects of household and neighborhood living standards on health. Yet few studies of developing-country cities have explored these issues. We...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 773–784.
Published: 01 April 2021
... conclusions regarding approaches to causal modeling. Copyright © 2021 The Authors 2021 This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Propensity function models Child development Neighborhood effects In this note, we revisit...
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Published: 01 October 2022
Fig. 1 Effect of cumulative, long-term exposure to neighborhood police stops on high school graduation, by race/ethnicity. Lines show 95% confidence intervals. More
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1653–1676.
Published: 28 July 2017
...Geoffrey T. Wodtke; Matthew Parbst Abstract Although evidence indicates that neighborhoods affect educational outcomes, relatively little research has explored the mechanisms thought to mediate these effects. This study investigates whether school poverty mediates the effect of neighborhood context...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1275–1298.
Published: 01 August 2022
... and test a theoretical model of neighborhood effects on cognitive development during early childhood that highlights the mediating role of exposure to neurotoxic lead. To evaluate this model, we follow 1,266 children in Chicago from birth through school entry and track both their areal risk of lead...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 1127–1154.
Published: 30 May 2012
...Thomas P. Vartanian; Linda Houser Abstract The disproportionate number of individuals who are obese or overweight in the low-income U.S. population has raised interest in the influence of neighborhood conditions and public assistance programs on weight and health. Generally, neighborhood effects...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2041–2063.
Published: 01 December 2021
... 2012 ) or when treatment effects are heterogeneous ( Xie 2013 ). Since most studies of the inequality–health link employ aggregate data ( Macintyre et al. 2002 ; Neckerman and Torche 2007 ; Truesdale and Jencks 2016 ), it remains unknown whether neighborhood income inequality could increase the risk...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1221–1250.
Published: 26 July 2017
...Jeremy Pais Abstract Advances in mediation analysis are used to examine the legacy effects of racial residential segregation in the United States on neighborhood attainments across two familial generations. The legacy effects of segregation are anticipated to operate through two primary pathways...
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Published: 30 November 2017
Fig. 2 Estimated effects of average expected neighborhood disadvantage and average expected recency of exposure to neighborhood disadvantage on reading and math scores. DRF = dose-response function More
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Published: 01 April 2021
Fig. 1 Estimated adjusted effects of average expected neighborhood disadvantage and average expected recency of exposure to neighborhood disadvantage on reading and math scores. DRF = dose-response function. The (unadjusted) original results are shown in black; the new, adjusted models are shown More
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 727–752.
Published: 10 April 2014
...Malia Jones; Anne R. Pebley Abstract Research on neighborhood effects has focused largely on residential neighborhoods, but people are exposed to many other places in the course of their daily lives—at school, at work, when shopping, and so on. Thus, studies of residential neighborhoods consider...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 293–320.
Published: 01 February 2022
...Brian L. Levy Abstract Do neighborhood conditions affect wealth accumulation? This study uses the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 cohort and a counterfactual estimation strategy to analyze the effect of prolonged exposure to neighborhood (dis)advantage from emerging adulthood through...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (4): 603–614.
Published: 01 November 1994
...Karin L. Brewster Abstract Previous studies report that neighborhood characteristics influence pregnancy and childbearing risk among African-American adolescent women. These studies, however, leave unidentified the effects of many neighborhood properties on the proximate determinants of nonmarital...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1765–1788.
Published: 30 May 2013
... investigates the effects of different longitudinal patterns of exposure to disadvantaged neighborhoods on the risk of adolescent parenthood. It follows a cohort of children in the PSID from age 4 to 19 and uses novel methods for time-varying exposures that overcome critical limitations of conventional...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1299–1323.
Published: 01 August 2022
...Lauren Newmyer; Megan Evans; Corina Graif Abstract Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the United States have been increasing at record levels and exhibit unequal spatial patterning across urban populations and neighborhoods. Research on the effects of residential and nearby neighborhoods...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 811–834.
Published: 25 April 2014
... and modeling strategy. Overall, our findings confirm that adopting a spatial multilevel approach enhances our ability to disentangle the effect of space from that of place, pointing to the need for more careful spatial thinking in population research on neighborhoods and health. 6 3 2014 25 4 2014...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1763–1789.
Published: 01 October 2022
... to socioeconomic disadvantage. These findings have important implications for neighborhood-centered interventions focused on youth well-being and the contextual effects and segregation literatures more generally. Copyright © 2022 The Authors 2022 This is an open access article distributed under the terms...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1285–1306.
Published: 11 August 2012
..., the local micro-neighborhood, or the broader tract best explain the race/ethnicity of the new residents in a housing unit. The results show that the racial/ethnic composition of the local micro-neighborhood has even stronger effects on the race/ethnicity of the new residents than does the racial/ethnic...
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