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Neighborhood Characteristic

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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 727–752.
Published: 10 April 2014
... define activity spaces in two ways and estimate their socioeconomic characteristics. Our research has two goals. First, we determine whether residential neighborhoods represent the social conditions to which adults are exposed in the course of their regular activities. Second, we evaluate whether...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (4): 603–614.
Published: 01 November 1994
...Karin L. Brewster Abstract Previous studies report that neighborhood characteristics influence pregnancy and childbearing risk among African-American adolescent women. These studies, however, leave unidentified the effects of many neighborhood properties on the proximate determinants of nonmarital...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1069–1090.
Published: 09 May 2018
...Maarten van Ham; Sanne Boschman; Matt Vogel Abstract Studies of neighborhood effects often attempt to identify causal effects of neighborhood characteristics on individual outcomes, such as income, education, employment, and health. However, selection looms large in this line of research...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (1): 159–171.
Published: 01 February 1972
... to the Central Business District affects neighborhoods in terms of three characteristics: Age or period of development, both internal and external housing Space, and Site features such as industrial and recreational activity. These structural characteristics are seen, in turn, as the causes of the location...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 249–270.
Published: 01 May 1994
... (current/change) dimensions. Measures of neighborhood characteristics consistent with our conceptualization are used to estimate the impact of context on mobility thoughts and on actual mobility in a sample of Nashville residents. Although individual statuses such as age and tenure remain important...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (2): 485–510.
Published: 28 February 2018
... and cognitive kindergarten readiness using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, a nationally representative longitudinal survey that followed U.S. children born in 2001 from infancy to kindergarten. We described individual, household, and neighborhood characteristics associated with residential...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (1): 21–40.
Published: 01 February 1991
... and displacement than of succession. These region and city effects persist when neighborhood characteristics believed to influence racial transition are controlled. 9 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1991 1991 Census Tract Housing Market Residential Segregation Racial Composition...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (3): 597–621.
Published: 15 April 2016
... stress, and neighborhood characteristics to examine if these factors mediate the effects of income. Using dynamic panel data, we find that family income is significantly associated with children’s cognitive skills but not with noncognitive skills. Mother’s education, parent’s physical and mental health...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 1203–1229.
Published: 25 June 2011
... because they wish to avoid the social problems that may be more likely to occur in predominantly black neighborhoods (i.e., the racial proxy hypothesis) or because of racial factors that go beyond these social class–related characteristics. Through a multilevel analysis of data from the 2004–2005 Chicago...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1085–1108.
Published: 06 July 2016
... and, to a lesser degree, family life cycle and nativity also are significant. A second concern is the geographic scale of neighborhoods: in this study, the geographic area within which the characteristics of potential neighbors matter in locational outcomes of individuals. Studies of segregation typically use...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1957–1977.
Published: 12 September 2018
... of spatial dimensions of population dynamics above and beyond the characteristics of neighborhoods. 1 8 2018 12 9 2018 © Population Association of America 2018 2018 Neighborhoods Neighborhood boundaries Crime Segregation Spatial inequality In 1945, St. Clair Drake...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1185–1205.
Published: 21 July 2016
... in education are due to racial discrimination or to structural differences in unobserved neighborhood and family characteristics. To address this common data limitation, we use an innovative within-family twin approach that takes advantage of the large sample of Brazilian adolescent twins classified...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1285–1306.
Published: 11 August 2012
...John R. Hipp Abstract This study focuses on segregation as it plays out at the micro-level of housing unit transition. Employing a unique sample that places housing units into micro-neighborhoods and census tracts, this study tests whether the characteristics of the previous residents of the unit...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1251–1275.
Published: 10 July 2017
... , B. J. ( 2000 ). How segregated are middle-class African Americans? Social Problems , 47 , 543 – 558 . 10.2307/3097134 . Benston , G. J. , & Horsky , D. ( 1991 ). The relationship between the demand and supply of home financing and neighborhood characteristics...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1489–1516.
Published: 01 August 2022
...Sepideh Modrek; Evan Roberts; John Robert Warren; David Rehkopf Abstract The economic characteristics of one's childhood neighborhood have been found to determine long-term well-being. Policies enacted during childhood may change neighborhood trajectories and thus impact long-term outcomes...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2179–2202.
Published: 27 November 2014
... by sociodemographic characteristics of householders or by features of the neighborhoods and metropolitan areas in which they reside. Most importantly, we find that this tendency to move away from immigrants is pronounced for natives living in metropolitan areas that are developing into a major gateway...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (4): 701–725.
Published: 01 November 2003
... Pearl M. , Braveman P. , & Abrams B. ( 2001 ). The Relationship of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Characteristics to Birthweight Among 5 Ethnic Groups in California . American Journal of Public Health , 91 , 1808 – 14 . 10.2105/AJPH.91.11.1808 Pebley, A.R. and N. Sastry...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (4): 1175–1197.
Published: 04 June 2014
..., and access to health services across residential areas. After we control for these characteristics, children growing up in the slums and better-off neighborhoods of towns show levels of morbidity and mortality that are not statistically different from those of children living in rural areas. Compared...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1763–1789.
Published: 01 October 2022
... have substantially higher rates of racial segregation and violent crime than those of White youth, and substantially lower levels of collective efficacy—even after accounting for a host of individual- and home neighborhood–level characteristics. We find more modest evidence of differences in exposure...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (3): 467–486.
Published: 01 August 1992
... different types of units is equivalent to saying that unit characteristics (such as size, location, and neighborhood composition and amenities) attract a certain kind of household. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the housing unit characteristics which increase the likelihood that in-movers differ...