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Neighborhood

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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 1051–1073.
Published: 16 April 2019
...Ryan Gabriel; Amy Spring Abstract Past research has indicated that mixed-race couples with children appear to possess a heightened preference for neighborhoods that are racially and ethnically diverse and relatively affluent so as to reside in areas that are requisitely accepting of, and safe...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1069–1090.
Published: 09 May 2018
...Maarten van Ham; Sanne Boschman; Matt Vogel Abstract Studies of neighborhood effects often attempt to identify causal effects of neighborhood characteristics on individual outcomes, such as income, education, employment, and health. However, selection looms large in this line of research...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1285–1306.
Published: 11 August 2012
...John R. Hipp Abstract This study focuses on segregation as it plays out at the micro-level of housing unit transition. Employing a unique sample that places housing units into micro-neighborhoods and census tracts, this study tests whether the characteristics of the previous residents of the unit...
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Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 1–29.
Published: 01 February 2008
...Robert J. Sampson; Patrick Sharkey Abstract In this paper, we consider neighborhood selection as a social process central to the reproduction of racial inequality in neighborhood attainment. We formulate a multilevel model that decomposes multiple sources of stability and change in longitudinal...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 55–77.
Published: 01 February 2008
...David S. Kirk Abstract This study assesses the role of social context in explaining racial and ethnic disparities in arrest, with a focus on how distinct neighborhood contexts in which different racial and ethnic groups reside explain variations in criminal outcomes. To do so, I utilize...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 249–270.
Published: 01 May 1994
...Barrett A. Lee; R. S. Oropesa; James W. Kanan Abstract This paper extends the search for neighborhood contextual effects to residential mobility. We propose that neighborhood consists of subjective and objective domains, both of which are crosscut by substantive (social/physical) and temporal...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (4): 603–614.
Published: 01 November 1994
...Karin L. Brewster Abstract Previous studies report that neighborhood characteristics influence pregnancy and childbearing risk among African-American adolescent women. These studies, however, leave unidentified the effects of many neighborhood properties on the proximate determinants of nonmarital...
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (4): 581–602.
Published: 01 November 1985
...Barrett A. Lee; Daphne Spain; Debra J. Umberson Abstract Using 1970 and 1980 census block data for Washington, D.C., we test several hypotheses about the racial residential consequences of neighborhood revitalization. Areas located in the revitalizing core of the city have a) become whiter in both...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (1): 1–19.
Published: 01 February 1991
...W.A.V. Clark Abstract The debate over the role of the forces that create the patterns of residential separation has identified neighborhood preferences as one of the explanatory variables, but although we possess some empirical data on the nature of neighborhood racial preferences, the theoretical...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (1): 41–63.
Published: 01 February 1991
...Nancy A. Denton; Douglas S. Massey Abstract Ethnic diversity within metropolitan neighborhoods increased during the 1970s, and all-white tracts became less common. The simple presence of a minority group did not precipitate turnover, but as the minority proportion rose, the probability of racial...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (1): 21–40.
Published: 01 February 1991
...Barrett A. Lee; Peter B. Wood Abstract This paper evaluates the geographic generality of the succession model of neighborhood racial change for the period 1970 to 1980. Using census data on racially mixed tracts, we determine whether white-to-black compositional shifts were equally common across...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (1): 51–73.
Published: 01 February 2005
...Micere Keels; Greg J. Duncan; Stefanie Deluca; Ruby Mendenhall; James Rosenbaum Abstract We examined whether the Gautreaux residential mobility program, which moved poor black volunteer families who were living in inner-city Chicago into more-affluent and integrated neighborhoods, produced long-run...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (3): 397–425.
Published: 01 August 2005
...Mark R. Montgomery; Paul C. Hewett Abstract In the United States and other high-income countries, there is intense scholarly and programmatic interest in the effects of household and neighborhood living standards on health. Yet few studies of developing-country cities have explored these issues. We...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 697–720.
Published: 01 November 2004
...Christopher R. Browning; Tama Leventhal; Jeanne Brooks-Gunn Abstract Evidence suggests that African American youths initiate sexual activity at earlier ages than do European American or Latino youths. Using data from a multilevel study in Chicago, we developed and tested a neighborhood-based model...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (4): 625–633.
Published: 01 November 1972
... births lagged six years is viewed as a function of new housing, busing, and the percent of lagged births that are white. Least squares regression analysis was used to test the model on data in four neighborhoods in New York City for the period 1958–1969. While the model fits the historical data rather...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1221–1250.
Published: 26 July 2017
...Jeremy Pais Abstract Advances in mediation analysis are used to examine the legacy effects of racial residential segregation in the United States on neighborhood attainments across two familial generations. The legacy effects of segregation are anticipated to operate through two primary pathways...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 1–31.
Published: 30 November 2017
...Andrew L. Hicks; Mark S. Handcock; Narayan Sastry; Anne R. Pebley Abstract Prior research has suggested that children living in a disadvantaged neighborhood have lower achievement test scores, but these studies typically have not estimated causal effects that account for neighborhood choice. Recent...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (2): 459–484.
Published: 15 February 2018
... and ethnic composition of their neighborhoods. I investigate this by combining longitudinal data between 1985 and 2015 from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics linked to neighborhood- and metropolitan-level data compiled from four censuses. Using these data, I assess the mobility of black male–white female...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1957–1977.
Published: 12 September 2018
...Joscha Legewie Abstract Neighborhood boundaries are a defining aspect of highly segregated urban areas. Yet, few studies examine the particular challenges and spatial processes that occur at the bordering region between two neighborhoods. Extending the growing literature on spatial interdependence...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 293–320.
Published: 01 February 2022
...Brian L. Levy Abstract Do neighborhood conditions affect wealth accumulation? This study uses the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 cohort and a counterfactual estimation strategy to analyze the effect of prolonged exposure to neighborhood (dis)advantage from emerging adulthood through...
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Includes: Supplementary data