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Mortality dynamics

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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (2): 655–671.
Published: 10 February 2017
... multiplier R δ (rather than δ) (Aalen 1988 ; Steinsaltz and Wachter 2006 ; Vaupel and Missov 2014 ; Vaupel and Yashin 1987 ; Vaupel et al. 1979 ). A regime of declining mortality with Barker frailty exhibits a distinct dynamic. First, although standard frailty leads to progressive attenuation...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (3): 439–454.
Published: 01 August 1979
... Life Table Mortality Differential Cumulative Hazard Cohort Mortality Individual Mortality © Population Association of America 1979 1979 30 12 2010 DEMOGRAPHY Volume 16, Number 3 August 1979 THE IMPACT OF HETEROGENEITY IN INDIVIDUAL FRAILTY ON THE DYNAMICS OF MORTALITY James w...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (1): 15–38.
Published: 14 January 2015
...Jenna Nobles; Elizabeth Frankenberg; Duncan Thomas Abstract Understanding how mortality and fertility are linked is essential to the study of population dynamics. We investigate the fertility response to an unanticipated mortality shock that resulted from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, which killed...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1755–1773.
Published: 03 October 2014
.... On the other hand, explanation methods are trying to link mortality dynamics with observable factors. This serves as an intermediate step between the two methods. We perform a comprehensive analysis on the relationship between the latent trend in mortality dynamics and the trend in economic growth represented...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1563–1591.
Published: 07 June 2013
... are possibly generated by multiple dynamics specified by a two-mortality model instead of a uniform process throughout most adult ages. For the U.S. period mortality data, sex differences in the mortality-increase pattern primarily lie in the year 1970 (Fig.  4 ). Consistent with previous findings (Fig.  1...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1559–1577.
Published: 05 July 2017
... analyzing the mean and the dispersion of mortality. Approaches that account for dynamic age shifts in survival improvements appear to perform better than others that enforce relatively invariant patterns. However, because forecasting approaches are designed to capture trends in average mortality, we argue...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2041–2063.
Published: 01 December 2021
.... 5 The association between intragenerational changes in income and occupation and local inequality requires further research. However, since causal implications are plausible in both directions (dynamic selection), our methodology ensures that the estimates of the inequality–mortality link...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 111–135.
Published: 01 February 2021
... article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Mortality dynamics Differential mortality Holy Roman Empire Thirty Years' War When the first mortality improvements occurred and who benefited first from these gains are among the key questions that arise...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 67–81.
Published: 01 February 1997
... of the first two parts in dynamic simulations to examine the implications of mortality decline and of alternative forecasts of mortality for the finances of the social security system. Also, we use stochastic population forecasts to assess the influence of uncertainty about mortality decline on uncertainty...
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Published: 01 July 2019
Fig. 3 Hazards of mothers’ mortality, fathers’ mortality, and parents’ union dissolution of adults aged 25–49 in 1988 and 2013. Hazards are calculated from Brass estimation of parents’ mortalities and indirect estimation of union dissolution standardized for age distribution of respondents. Age More
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (1): 31–53.
Published: 01 February 1990
... histories for 3,080 respondents who reach the exact age of 55. The dynamics that characterize socioeconomic differentials in mortality are analyzed by evaluating the differential effects of occupation over the career cycle. Maximum likelihood estimates of hazard-model parameters show that the mortality...
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 135–157.
Published: 01 February 1997
... of cause-specific mortality rates because general life expectancy trends are the product of interactions of multiple dynamic period and cohort factors. Consequently, we first review factors potentially affecting cohort health back to 1880 and explore how that history might affect the current and future...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 577–598.
Published: 19 March 2020
... ages, when the risk of health deterioration and mortality is the greatest. Contributing to this literature, this study is the first to employ the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to estimate the long-run association between individual incarceration and mortality over nearly 40 years. We also...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 1097–1118.
Published: 10 April 2017
... or dynamic feature of the human mortality trajectory. The classic evolutionary account of the age pattern of mortality emphasizes the importance of surviving to and through the ages of prime reproductive fitness. This biologically rooted account casts declining health and the increased risk of death...
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Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 181–206.
Published: 14 September 2012
... 2012 14 9 2012 © Population Association of America 2012 2012 Panel data Dynamic selection Mortality risk Income Significant socioeconomic inequalities in mortality risk over many populations and time periods have been identified in the literature (Attanasio and Hoynes 2000...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 153–181.
Published: 11 March 2011
... and that psychosocial factors have marginal explanatory power for the effects of socioeconomic conditions. Overall, this study provides new longitudinal evidence from China to support the notion that health and mortality at older ages are influenced by long-term and dynamic processes structured by the social...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2025–2044.
Published: 02 November 2018
...-based probability models that can produce Gompertzian mortality dynamics (Strehler and Mildvan 1960 ). Gompertz is considered to provide a good, stylized description of adult mortality throughout the middle to early-old age range, but some researchers argue that it fails to capture the dynamics...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (4): 551–563.
Published: 01 November 1997
...C. Y. Cyrus Chu Abstract I analyze the dynamics of the age distribution as some vital rates change. When the fertility or mortality rate declines, the age distribution often manifests a dynamic stochastic-dominance relationship. I also propose some alternative indexes for measuring population aging...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (4): 581–599.
Published: 01 November 1975
... of immigration with its uneven time distribution, the age selectivity of migrants and fertility-mortality patterns of migrants. It is concluded that the uneven time distribution of immigration and the higher fertility of migrants are jointly responsible for the development of Israel’s peculiar age dynamics...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2043–2071.
Published: 03 November 2017
... and a cohort dynamic approach to compare functional health trajectories across 12 high-income countries and to examine the role of life course processes and cohort dynamics in contributing to variation in those trajectories. We find substantial international variation in functional health trajectories...
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