1-20 of 1445 Search Results for

Mortality Selection

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1185–1206.
Published: 12 September 2012
...Dora L. Costa Abstract Debilitating events could leave either more frail or more robust survivors, depending on the extent of scarring and mortality selection. The majority of empirical analyses find more frail survivors. I find heterogeneous effects. Among severely stressed former Union Army...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (1): 51–71.
Published: 03 January 2014
... of the cohort is frail; (2) multiple decelerations are possible; and (3) mortality selection can produce acceleration as well as deceleration. Simulations show that these patterns are plausible in model cohorts that in the aggregate resemble cohorts in the Human Mortality Database. I argue that these results...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 747–777.
Published: 25 March 2020
...Elizabeth Wrigley-Field Abstract Theoretical models of mortality selection have great utility in explaining otherwise puzzling phenomena. The most famous example may be the Black-White mortality crossover: at old ages, Blacks outlive Whites, presumably because few frail Blacks survive to old ages...
FIGURES | View All (7)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (4): 1295–1317.
Published: 03 June 2014
...Hui Zheng Abstract This study examines historical patterns of aging through the perspectives of cohort evolution and mortality selection, where the former emphasizes the correlation across cohorts in the age dependence of mortality rates, and the latter emphasizes cohort change in the acceleration...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (1): 189–207.
Published: 01 February 2024
... a union and less likely to dissolve it (selection). This study contributes to this debate by investigating health and mortality by partnership status in England and Wales and analyzing the causes of mortality differences. We use combined data from the British Household Panel Survey and the UK Household...
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 03 June 2014
Fig. 1 An illustration of mortality selection mechanism (MS) and cohort evolution theory (CE). ln( R t ) represents logarithm transformation of age-specific mortality rate at age t More
Image
Published: 03 January 2014
Fig. 3 Acceleration caused by mortality selection. The solid black line gives the artificial derivatives calculated by fixing subpopulation mortality and allowing frailty composition to decline as normal. The dashed dark gray line, provided for reference, is the actual derivative More
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (3): 569–585.
Published: 01 August 2006
... this assumption is violated so that the mortality rate varies with sib ship size, mortality estimates can be massively biased. By using insights from work on the statistical analysis of selection bias, survey weighting, and extrapolation problems, we propose a new and relatively simple method of recovering...
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (2): 189–208.
Published: 01 May 1993
...Noreen Goldman Abstract Researchers have long wondered whether marital-status differences in mortality arise largely from selection mechanisms or from causal processes typically known as marriage protection . Unfortunately, many investigators have relied on aggregate patterns of mortality...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (5): 1335–1357.
Published: 01 October 2023
...Michel Guillot; Myriam Khlat; Romeo Gansey; Matthieu Solignac; Irma Elo Abstract The migrant mortality advantage (MMA) has been observed in many immigrant-receiving countries, but its underlying factors remain poorly understood. This article examines the role of return migration selection effects...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 207–228.
Published: 02 October 2012
...–585, 2006 ) of corrections for selection biases. Based on microsimulations, this article shows that Gakidou and King’s weighting scheme has been incorrectly applied to survey data, leading to overestimates of mortality, especially for males. The evidence for an association between mortality...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (3): 389–410.
Published: 01 August 1981
... of the degree of population heterogeneity it is possible to adjust comparisons of mortality risks across populations for the effects of population heterogeneity, differential mortality selection, and different age trajectories of the force of mortality. These methods are demonstrated by applying a variety...
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 354–361.
Published: 01 March 1968
... The possibility of constructing a mortality index from age data suggested the hypothesis that mortality is directly related to the fertility ratio and inversely related to the percentage of old persons. The measures of mortality selected were life expectations at birth, at one year, and at five years. A sample...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 207–220.
Published: 01 February 2022
..., and prevalent cohorts; and offers a framework for thinking about mortality selection more broadly than the concept of demographic frailty. Copyright © 2021 The Authors 2022 This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Length-biased...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 337–361.
Published: 01 April 2024
... at exposure and the grandson's education, as well as the son's and the grandson's poor late gestational conditions (proxied by season of birth), mediate this relationship. I rule out socioeconomic status, marriage and mortality selection, and cultural or psychological transmission from grandfathers...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 10 April 2017
Fig. 1 Age trajectories of the mortality hazards for selected female and male cohorts in Sweden More
Image
Published: 20 August 2018
Fig. 1 Child mortality rate by level of economic development in 2010, select developing countries. Source: World Bank Database More
Image
Published: 25 March 2020
Fig. 5 Three roles of residual frailty on aggregate mortality in the two-dimensional mortality selection model More
Image
Published: 26 April 2011
Fig. 2 Lung cancer mortality rates for females from selected data sources, by age and smoking status. Rates from CPS-II data came from Peto et al. ( 1992 ) and were for the years 1984–1988. Rates from adjusted CPS-II data were obtained by multiplying the CPS-II rates by the adjustment factor More
Image
Published: 01 December 2022
Fig. 1 Cohort mortality rates for selected European cohorts born in 1860–1940. Data are from the Human Mortality Database (2017) . Panel a shows the log 10 of the mortality rates, by age, for women born in 1860 and in 1940 in six European countries (Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Sweden More