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Lifespan inequality

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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 1003–1017.
Published: 23 April 2014
...Duncan O. S. Gillespie; Meredith V. Trotter; Shripad D. Tuljapurkar Abstract In the past six decades, lifespan inequality has varied greatly within and among countries even while life expectancy has continued to increase. How and why does mortality change generate this diversity? We derive...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 513–540.
Published: 01 April 2024
...Iñaki Permanyer; Serena Vigezzi Abstract We propose a novel decomposition approach that breaks down the levels and trends of lifespan inequality as the sum of cause-of-death contributions. The suggested method shows whether the levels and changes in lifespan inequality are attributable...
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Image
Published: 15 October 2018
Fig. 3 Lifespan inequality gradient across education groups for women and for men (European countries around 2000, Spain in 1980–1989 and 2012–2015). Note: The same colors are used for countries belonging to the same geographic area. Source: VR and authors’ elaboration using data from More
Image
Published: 15 October 2018
Fig. 4 Lifespan inequality gradient across education groups for women and for men over time for Spain (left panels) and the United States (right panels). Note: For Spain, < P refers to less than primary education; and P , S , U to primary, secondary, and university education More
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 187–206.
Published: 01 February 2022
... variation measure, which we call the cross-sectional average inequality in lifespan, or CAL † . This new index provides an alternative perspective on the analysis of lifespan inequality by combining the mortality histories of all cohorts present in a cross-sectional approach. We demonstrate how differences...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 269–293.
Published: 26 January 2016
..., limiting the discussion on lifespan inequality to mean differences alone overlooks other dimensions of inequality and particularly disparities in lifespan variation. The latter represents a unique form of inequality, with higher variation translating into greater uncertainty in the time of death from...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2045–2070.
Published: 15 October 2018
...Fig. 3 Lifespan inequality gradient across education groups for women and for men (European countries around 2000, Spain in 1980–1989 and 2012–2015). Note: The same colors are used for countries belonging to the same geographic area. Source: VR and authors’ elaboration using data from...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2025–2045.
Published: 13 November 2014
...Glenn Firebaugh; Francesco Acciai; Aggie J. Noah; Christopher Prather; Claudia Nau Abstract Lifespans are both shorter and more variable for blacks than for whites in the United States. Because their lifespans are more variable, there is greater inequality in length of life—and thus greater...
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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 1–14.
Published: 01 February 2023
..., or alternatively the average number of years lost to death ( Vaupel et al. 2011 ). Higher values of lifespan disparity represent greater within-population inequality in the age-at-death distribution (i.e., the life table d ( x ) function). The formula for e 0 † is e 0 † = ∫ 0 ω d...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2071–2096.
Published: 12 November 2018
... mortality trajectories (Edwards and Tuljapurkar 2005 ; Wilmoth and Horiuchi 1999 ). This age-at-death variation, hereafter referred to as life disparity or lifespan variation , is an important dimension of inequality because it summarizes this heterogeneity at the population level and uncertainty...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (1): 215–239.
Published: 18 December 2015
... lifespan variability as variance in life table age at death at ages 10+ years (σ 10 2 ). Several inequality indicators other than variance have been used to measure lifespan variability (e.g., interquartile range, Gini coefficient, life disparity index, and Theil’s index). Conclusions may depend...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1579–1602.
Published: 28 July 2017
... , 31 , 645 – 674 . 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2005.00092.x . Gillespie , D. O. S. , Trotter , M. V. , & Tuljapurkar , S. ( 2014 ). Divergence in age patterns of mortality change drives international divergence in lifespan inequality . Demography , 51 , 1003 – 1017 . 10.1007...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (1): 73–95.
Published: 16 November 2013
... classes. 1 10 2013 16 11 2013 © Population Association of America 2013 2013 Lifespan variation Life disparity Life expectancy Mortality compression Socioeconomic inequality Socioeconomic differences in mortality exist in every modern population where they have been...
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Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1615–1640.
Published: 17 September 2013
... can also be used to target age-specific mortality reductions to ages that best reduce lifespan variation. Moreover, because the sensitivity results are age-specific, they can be related to normative concepts of inequality or social preference for actions designed to reduce mortality at particular ages...
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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 73–98.
Published: 01 February 2023
... . Demography , 59 , 949 – 973 . https://doi.org/10.1215/00703370-9938662 Permanyer I. , & Scholl N. ( 2019 ). Global trends in lifespan inequality: 1950–2015 . PloS One , 14 , e0215742 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215742 Permanyer I. , Spijker J...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 207–220.
Published: 01 February 2022
...Elizabeth Wrigley-Field; Dennis Feehan Abstract What is the average lifespan in a stationary population viewed at a single moment in time? Even though periods and cohorts are identical in a stationary population, we show that the answer to this question is not life expectancy but a length-biased...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1473–1498.
Published: 01 August 2021
... in the literature to measure mortality convergence and lifespan inequality ( Edwards and Tuljapurkar 2005 ; Gillespie et al. 2014 )—by year. Life expectancy at birth increased from 51.5 in 1924 to 57.6 in 1939, declined abruptly during WWII until the 1943 Italian armistice, recovered quickly to its prewar level...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1559–1577.
Published: 05 July 2017
...Christina Bohk-Ewald; Marcus Ebeling; Roland Rau Abstract Evaluating the predictive ability of mortality forecasts is important yet difficult. Death rates and mean lifespan are basic life table functions typically used to analyze to what extent the forecasts deviate from their realized values...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 645–663.
Published: 05 March 2019
... consists of using an iterative process to construct a life table that predicts the lifespans of 100,000 hypothetical individuals, on the basis of age-, race-, and gender-specific mortality rates. Deaths during each year of age ( x ), from 0 to 99, are calculated as 1 d x = l x × q x...
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Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 819–840.
Published: 04 May 2012
... groups among women than men. The results suggest that educational attainment in the United States maximizes life chances by delaying the biological aging process. 3 4 2012 4 5 2012 © Population Association of America 2012 2012 Mortality compression Modal age of death Lifespan...
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