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Life expectancy

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Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 227–251.
Published: 01 May 2001
...Arline T. Geronimus; John Bound; Timothy A. Waidmann; Cynthia G. Colen; Dianne Steffick Abstract We calculated population-level estimates of mortality, functional health, and active life expectancy for black and white adults living in a diverse set of 23 local areas in 1990, and nationwide. At age...
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Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 4 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, men. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Image
Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 5 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, women. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 297–319.
Published: 01 May 1994
...Kenneth C. Land; Jack M. Guralnik; Dan G. Blazer Abstract A fundamental limitation of current multistate life table methodology-evident in recent estimates of active life expectancy for the elderly-is the inability to estimate tables from data on small longitudinal panels in the presence...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 265–276.
Published: 01 May 1988
..., techniques were devised for explaining change in life expectancy in terms of mortality changes in particularage groups and by different causes of death. The approaches adopted by the authors differ, and the purpose of this article is to reconcile the two and tie the results in with those obtained by earlier...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 229–236.
Published: 18 August 2012
...Aruna Chandran; Geoffrey Kahn; Tanara Sousa; Flavio Pechansky; David M. Bishai; Adnan A. Hyder Abstract The road traffic crash burden is significant in Brazil; calculating years of life lost and life expectancy reduction quantifies the burden of road traffic deaths to enable prioritization...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2349–2375.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Andrew Fenelon; Michel Boudreaux Abstract The past several decades have witnessed growing geographic disparities in life expectancy within the United States, yet the mortality experience of U.S. cities has received little attention. We examine changes in men’s life expectancy at birth for the 25...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (1): 67–78.
Published: 01 February 2010
...Kevin Dowd; David Blake; Andrew J.G. Cairns Abstract This article uses longevity fan charts to represent the uncertainty in projections of future life expectancy. These fan charts are based on a mortality model calibrated on mortality data for English and Welsh males. The fan charts indicate strong...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (3): 627–646.
Published: 01 August 2009
...Eileen M. Crimmins; Mark D. Hayward; Aaron Hagedorn; Yasuhiko Saito; Nicolas Brouard Abstract In this article, we examine changes in life expectancy free of disability using longitudinal data collected from 1984 through 2000 from two cohorts who composed the Longitudinal Studies of Aging I and II...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (4): 647–657.
Published: 01 November 2006
...David W. Smith; Benjamin S. Bradshaw Abstract The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reports life expectancy at birth (LE) for each year in the United States. Censal year estimates of LE use complete life tables. From 1900 through 1947, LEs for intercensal years were interpolated from...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (2): 201–216.
Published: 01 May 2003
...James W. Vaupel; Vladimir Canudas Romo Abstract We extend Nathan Keyfitz’s research on continuous change in life expectancy over time by presenting and proving a new formula for decomposing such change. The formula separates change in life expectancy over time into two terms. The first term...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 513–524.
Published: 01 November 2001
... classes: managers, manual workers, and an intermediary occupational group. Life table models show that managers have longer life expectancy and dis-abilityfree life expectancy (DFLE) than manual workers, and a shorter life expectancy with disability. The concurrent increases in life expectancy and DFLE...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 159–175.
Published: 01 February 1994
...Eileen M. Crimmins; Mark D. Hayward; Yasuhiko Saito Abstract This paper demonstrates the consequences of changes in mortality and health transition rates for changes in both health status life expectancy and the prevalence of health problems in the older population. A five-state multistate life...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (2): 261–274.
Published: 01 May 1986
...Stephen C. Newman Abstract Two new families of indices measuring the gain in life expectancy resulting from reduction in mortality are introduced: the first looks at the impact of cause of death reduction from the perspective of the entire population; the second, at that segment of the population...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (2): 303–321.
Published: 01 May 1991
...Lloyd B. Potter Abstract Epidemiological transition theory suggests that two populations existing under disparate socioeconomic conditions would have different life expectancies as the result of cause-of-death differences. The effect of racial socioeconomic differentials on the total racial life...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 611–624.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Machiko Yanagishita; Jack M. Guralnik Abstract Between 1972 and 1982, Japan caught up to and then surpassed Sweden as the country with the longest life expectancy. The contributions of different causes of death and age groups to life expectancy changes in males during this time period are examined...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 625–632.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Verna M. Keith; David P. Smith Abstract The 1980 National Center for Health Statistics life tables for the U. S. black and white populations reveal a difference in life expectancy of 7 years between black and white males and 6 years between black and white females. Using cause-substituted life...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (1): 161–170.
Published: 01 February 1989
...David A. Swanson Abstract Life expectancy is an important indicator of the level of mortality in a population. However, the conventional way of calculating life expectancy—constructing a life table—has rigorous data requirements. As a consequence, life expectancy data are not usually available...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (4): 705–709.
Published: 01 November 1989
...Juha M. Alho Abstract I address the problem of what can be said of changes in mortality rates, if one knows how life expectancies change. I note a general formula relating life expectancies in different ages to mortality and prove that if mortality changes over time following a proportional-hazard...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 335–361.
Published: 01 May 2004
...Zeng Yi; Gu Danan; Kenneth C. Land Abstract This article demonstrates that disabled life expectancies that are based on conventional multistate life-table methods are significantly underestimated because of the assumption of no changes in functional status between age x and death. We present a new...