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Life expectancy

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Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 227–251.
Published: 01 May 2001
...Arline T. Geronimus; John Bound; Timothy A. Waidmann; Cynthia G. Colen; Dianne Steffick Abstract We calculated population-level estimates of mortality, functional health, and active life expectancy for black and white adults living in a diverse set of 23 local areas in 1990, and nationwide. At age...
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Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 4 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, men. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Image
Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 5 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, women. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 229–236.
Published: 18 August 2012
...Aruna Chandran; Geoffrey Kahn; Tanara Sousa; Flavio Pechansky; David M. Bishai; Adnan A. Hyder Abstract The road traffic crash burden is significant in Brazil; calculating years of life lost and life expectancy reduction quantifies the burden of road traffic deaths to enable prioritization...
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Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 297–319.
Published: 01 May 1994
...Kenneth C. Land; Jack M. Guralnik; Dan G. Blazer Abstract A fundamental limitation of current multistate life table methodology-evident in recent estimates of active life expectancy for the elderly-is the inability to estimate tables from data on small longitudinal panels in the presence...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 265–276.
Published: 01 May 1988
..., techniques were devised for explaining change in life expectancy in terms of mortality changes in particularage groups and by different causes of death. The approaches adopted by the authors differ, and the purpose of this article is to reconcile the two and tie the results in with those obtained by earlier...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2349–2375.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Andrew Fenelon; Michel Boudreaux Abstract The past several decades have witnessed growing geographic disparities in life expectancy within the United States, yet the mortality experience of U.S. cities has received little attention. We examine changes in men’s life expectancy at birth for the 25...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2117–2138.
Published: 01 December 2021
...Stefan Fors; Jonas W. Wastesson; Lucas Morin Abstract Sweden is known for high life expectancy and economic egalitarianism, yet in recent decades it has lost ground in both respects. This study tracked income inequality in old-age life expectancy and life span variation in Sweden between 2006...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (2): 303–321.
Published: 01 May 1991
...Lloyd B. Potter Abstract Epidemiological transition theory suggests that two populations existing under disparate socioeconomic conditions would have different life expectancies as the result of cause-of-death differences. The effect of racial socioeconomic differentials on the total racial life...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 611–624.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Machiko Yanagishita; Jack M. Guralnik Abstract Between 1972 and 1982, Japan caught up to and then surpassed Sweden as the country with the longest life expectancy. The contributions of different causes of death and age groups to life expectancy changes in males during this time period are examined...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 625–632.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Verna M. Keith; David P. Smith Abstract The 1980 National Center for Health Statistics life tables for the U. S. black and white populations reveal a difference in life expectancy of 7 years between black and white males and 6 years between black and white females. Using cause-substituted life...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (1): 161–170.
Published: 01 February 1989
...David A. Swanson Abstract Life expectancy is an important indicator of the level of mortality in a population. However, the conventional way of calculating life expectancy—constructing a life table—has rigorous data requirements. As a consequence, life expectancy data are not usually available...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (4): 705–709.
Published: 01 November 1989
...Juha M. Alho Abstract I address the problem of what can be said of changes in mortality rates, if one knows how life expectancies change. I note a general formula relating life expectancies in different ages to mortality and prove that if mortality changes over time following a proportional-hazard...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (2): 261–274.
Published: 01 May 1986
...Stephen C. Newman Abstract Two new families of indices measuring the gain in life expectancy resulting from reduction in mortality are introduced: the first looks at the impact of cause of death reduction from the perspective of the entire population; the second, at that segment of the population...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 181–206.
Published: 14 September 2012
...Adriaan S. Kalwij; Rob J. M. Alessie; Marike G. Knoef Abstract This article quantifies the association between individual income and remaining life expectancy at the statutory retirement age (65) in the Netherlands. For this purpose, we estimate a mortality risk model using a large administrative...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 553–574.
Published: 28 January 2012
...Michael Geruso Abstract This article quantifies the extent to which socioeconomic and demographic characteristics can account for black-white disparities in life expectancy in the United States. Although many studies have investigated the linkages between race, socioeconomic status, and mortality...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 673–691.
Published: 01 August 2008
... have an additional 12% advantage. Age-90 life expectancy for males is 4.4 years, one-half year more than any other country in the world. These estimates do not use problematic data on reported ages, but ages are computed from birth dates in the Costa Rican birth-registration ledgers. Census data con rm...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 159–175.
Published: 01 February 1994
...Eileen M. Crimmins; Mark D. Hayward; Yasuhiko Saito Abstract This paper demonstrates the consequences of changes in mortality and health transition rates for changes in both health status life expectancy and the prevalence of health problems in the older population. A five-state multistate life...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 269–293.
Published: 26 January 2016
...Isaac Sasson Abstract The educational gradient in life expectancy is well documented in the United States and in other low-mortality countries. Highly educated Americans, on average, live longer than their low-educated counterparts, who have recently seen declines in adult life expectancy. However...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1109–1134.
Published: 06 July 2016
... regions. In 2000–2009, the foreign-born had a 2.4-year advantage in life expectancy at age 65 relative to the U.S.-born, with Asian-born subgroups displaying exceptionally high longevity. Foreign-born individuals who migrated more recently had lower mortality compared with those who migrated earlier...
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