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Life expectancy

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Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 227–251.
Published: 01 May 2001
...Arline T. Geronimus; John Bound; Timothy A. Waidmann; Cynthia G. Colen; Dianne Steffick Abstract We calculated population-level estimates of mortality, functional health, and active life expectancy for black and white adults living in a diverse set of 23 local areas in 1990, and nationwide. At age...
Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 4 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, men. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 5 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, women. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 297–319.
Published: 01 May 1994
...Kenneth C. Land; Jack M. Guralnik; Dan G. Blazer Abstract A fundamental limitation of current multistate life table methodology-evident in recent estimates of active life expectancy for the elderly-is the inability to estimate tables from data on small longitudinal panels in the presence...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 265–276.
Published: 01 May 1988
..., techniques were devised for explaining change in life expectancy in terms of mortality changes in particularage groups and by different causes of death. The approaches adopted by the authors differ, and the purpose of this article is to reconcile the two and tie the results in with those obtained by earlier...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 229–236.
Published: 18 August 2012
...Aruna Chandran; Geoffrey Kahn; Tanara Sousa; Flavio Pechansky; David M. Bishai; Adnan A. Hyder Abstract The road traffic crash burden is significant in Brazil; calculating years of life lost and life expectancy reduction quantifies the burden of road traffic deaths to enable prioritization...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2349–2375.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Andrew Fenelon; Michel Boudreaux Abstract The past several decades have witnessed growing geographic disparities in life expectancy within the United States, yet the mortality experience of U.S. cities has received little attention. We examine changes in men’s life expectancy at birth for the 25...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 159–175.
Published: 01 February 1994
...Eileen M. Crimmins; Mark D. Hayward; Yasuhiko Saito Abstract This paper demonstrates the consequences of changes in mortality and health transition rates for changes in both health status life expectancy and the prevalence of health problems in the older population. A five-state multistate life...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (2): 261–274.
Published: 01 May 1986
...Stephen C. Newman Abstract Two new families of indices measuring the gain in life expectancy resulting from reduction in mortality are introduced: the first looks at the impact of cause of death reduction from the perspective of the entire population; the second, at that segment of the population...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (2): 303–321.
Published: 01 May 1991
...Lloyd B. Potter Abstract Epidemiological transition theory suggests that two populations existing under disparate socioeconomic conditions would have different life expectancies as the result of cause-of-death differences. The effect of racial socioeconomic differentials on the total racial life...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 611–624.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Machiko Yanagishita; Jack M. Guralnik Abstract Between 1972 and 1982, Japan caught up to and then surpassed Sweden as the country with the longest life expectancy. The contributions of different causes of death and age groups to life expectancy changes in males during this time period are examined...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 625–632.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Verna M. Keith; David P. Smith Abstract The 1980 National Center for Health Statistics life tables for the U. S. black and white populations reveal a difference in life expectancy of 7 years between black and white males and 6 years between black and white females. Using cause-substituted life...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (1): 161–170.
Published: 01 February 1989
...David A. Swanson Abstract Life expectancy is an important indicator of the level of mortality in a population. However, the conventional way of calculating life expectancy—constructing a life table—has rigorous data requirements. As a consequence, life expectancy data are not usually available...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (4): 705–709.
Published: 01 November 1989
...Juha M. Alho Abstract I address the problem of what can be said of changes in mortality rates, if one knows how life expectancies change. I note a general formula relating life expectancies in different ages to mortality and prove that if mortality changes over time following a proportional-hazard...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 335–361.
Published: 01 May 2004
...Zeng Yi; Gu Danan; Kenneth C. Land Abstract This article demonstrates that disabled life expectancies that are based on conventional multistate life-table methods are significantly underestimated because of the assumption of no changes in functional status between age x and death. We present a new...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 253–265.
Published: 01 August 2000
... is applied to data from the National Long Term Care Surveys of elderly persons in the years 1982 to 1996 to produce active life expectancy estimates based on completed-cohort life tables. At ages 65 and 85, comparisons with extant period estimates for 1990 show that our active life expectancy estimates...
Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (2): 259–272.
Published: 01 May 1976
...James C. McCann Abstract This paper describes a method of estimating life expectancy at birth on the basis of crude vital rates. The method is derived from stable population theory and it furnishes good estimates insofar as the current crude vital rates of a population are close to its intrinsic...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (3): 627–646.
Published: 01 August 2009
...Eileen M. Crimmins; Mark D. Hayward; Aaron Hagedorn; Yasuhiko Saito; Nicolas Brouard Abstract In this article, we examine changes in life expectancy free of disability using longitudinal data collected from 1984 through 2000 from two cohorts who composed the Longitudinal Studies of Aging I and II...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (4): 647–657.
Published: 01 November 2006
...David W. Smith; Benjamin S. Bradshaw Abstract The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reports life expectancy at birth (LE) for each year in the United States. Censal year estimates of LE use complete life tables. From 1900 through 1947, LEs for intercensal years were interpolated from...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 181–206.
Published: 14 September 2012
...Adriaan S. Kalwij; Rob J. M. Alessie; Marike G. Knoef Abstract This article quantifies the association between individual income and remaining life expectancy at the statutory retirement age (65) in the Netherlands. For this purpose, we estimate a mortality risk model using a large administrative...