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Life Expectancy

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Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 227–251.
Published: 01 May 2001
...Arline T. Geronimus; John Bound; Timothy A. Waidmann; Cynthia G. Colen; Dianne Steffick Abstract We calculated population-level estimates of mortality, functional health, and active life expectancy for black and white adults living in a diverse set of 23 local areas in 1990, and nationwide. At age...
Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 4 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, men. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 5 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, women. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 229–236.
Published: 18 August 2012
...Aruna Chandran; Geoffrey Kahn; Tanara Sousa; Flavio Pechansky; David M. Bishai; Adnan A. Hyder Abstract The road traffic crash burden is significant in Brazil; calculating years of life lost and life expectancy reduction quantifies the burden of road traffic deaths to enable prioritization of this...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 265–276.
Published: 01 May 1988
..., techniques were devised for explaining change in life expectancy in terms of mortality changes in particularage groups and by different causes of death. The approaches adopted by the authors differ, and the purpose of this article is to reconcile the two and tie the results in with those obtained by earlier...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 297–319.
Published: 01 May 1994
...Kenneth C. Land; Jack M. Guralnik; Dan G. Blazer Abstract A fundamental limitation of current multistate life table methodology-evident in recent estimates of active life expectancy for the elderly-is the inability to estimate tables from data on small longitudinal panels in the presence of...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2349–2375.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Andrew Fenelon; Michel Boudreaux Abstract The past several decades have witnessed growing geographic disparities in life expectancy within the United States, yet the mortality experience of U.S. cities has received little attention. We examine changes in men’s life expectancy at birth for the 25...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (2): 201–216.
Published: 01 May 2003
...James W. Vaupel; Vladimir Canudas Romo Abstract We extend Nathan Keyfitz’s research on continuous change in life expectancy over time by presenting and proving a new formula for decomposing such change. The formula separates change in life expectancy over time into two terms. The first term...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (4): 647–657.
Published: 01 November 2006
...David W. Smith; Benjamin S. Bradshaw Abstract The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reports life expectancy at birth (LE) for each year in the United States. Censal year estimates of LE use complete life tables. From 1900 through 1947, LEs for intercensal years were interpolated from...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 335–361.
Published: 01 May 2004
...Zeng Yi; Gu Danan; Kenneth C. Land Abstract This article demonstrates that disabled life expectancies that are based on conventional multistate life-table methods are significantly underestimated because of the assumption of no changes in functional status between age x and death. We present a new...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (3): 627–646.
Published: 01 August 2009
...Eileen M. Crimmins; Mark D. Hayward; Aaron Hagedorn; Yasuhiko Saito; Nicolas Brouard Abstract In this article, we examine changes in life expectancy free of disability using longitudinal data collected from 1984 through 2000 from two cohorts who composed the Longitudinal Studies of Aging I and II...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 513–524.
Published: 01 November 2001
... classes: managers, manual workers, and an intermediary occupational group. Life table models show that managers have longer life expectancy and dis-abilityfree life expectancy (DFLE) than manual workers, and a shorter life expectancy with disability. The concurrent increases in life expectancy and DFLE...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 159–175.
Published: 01 February 1994
...Eileen M. Crimmins; Mark D. Hayward; Yasuhiko Saito Abstract This paper demonstrates the consequences of changes in mortality and health transition rates for changes in both health status life expectancy and the prevalence of health problems in the older population. A five-state multistate life...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (3): 777–801.
Published: 15 March 2013
...Adrian E. Raftery; Jennifer L. Chunn; Patrick Gerland; Hana Ševčíková Abstract We propose a Bayesian hierarchical model for producing probabilistic forecasts of male period life expectancy at birth for all the countries of the world to 2100. Such forecasts would be an input to the production of...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 181–206.
Published: 14 September 2012
...Adriaan S. Kalwij; Rob J. M. Alessie; Marike G. Knoef Abstract This article quantifies the association between individual income and remaining life expectancy at the statutory retirement age (65) in the Netherlands. For this purpose, we estimate a mortality risk model using a large administrative...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 553–574.
Published: 28 January 2012
...Michael Geruso Abstract This article quantifies the extent to which socioeconomic and demographic characteristics can account for black-white disparities in life expectancy in the United States. Although many studies have investigated the linkages between race, socioeconomic status, and mortality...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1109–1134.
Published: 06 July 2016
... regions. In 2000–2009, the foreign-born had a 2.4-year advantage in life expectancy at age 65 relative to the U.S.-born, with Asian-born subgroups displaying exceptionally high longevity. Foreign-born individuals who migrated more recently had lower mortality compared with those who migrated earlier...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 673–691.
Published: 01 August 2008
... have an additional 12% advantage. Age-90 life expectancy for males is 4.4 years, one-half year more than any other country in the world. These estimates do not use problematic data on reported ages, but ages are computed from birth dates in the Costa Rican birth-registration ledgers. Census data con rm...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (2): 261–274.
Published: 01 May 1986
...Stephen C. Newman Abstract Two new families of indices measuring the gain in life expectancy resulting from reduction in mortality are introduced: the first looks at the impact of cause of death reduction from the perspective of the entire population; the second, at that segment of the population...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (2): 303–321.
Published: 01 May 1991
...Lloyd B. Potter Abstract Epidemiological transition theory suggests that two populations existing under disparate socioeconomic conditions would have different life expectancies as the result of cause-of-death differences. The effect of racial socioeconomic differentials on the total racial life...