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Life Expectancy

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Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 227–251.
Published: 01 May 2001
...Arline T. Geronimus; John Bound; Timothy A. Waidmann; Cynthia G. Colen; Dianne Steffick Abstract We calculated population-level estimates of mortality, functional health, and active life expectancy for black and white adults living in a diverse set of 23 local areas in 1990, and nationwide. At age...
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Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 4 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, men. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Image
Published: 27 October 2012
Fig. 5 Total life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy at age 55, 1983–2030, women. Model 1 allows for uncertainty in prevalence and HR. Model 2 allows for uncertainties of Model 1 and uncertainty in process. Model 3 allows for uncertainties of Model 2 and uncertainty in parameters More
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 229–236.
Published: 18 August 2012
...Aruna Chandran; Geoffrey Kahn; Tanara Sousa; Flavio Pechansky; David M. Bishai; Adnan A. Hyder Abstract The road traffic crash burden is significant in Brazil; calculating years of life lost and life expectancy reduction quantifies the burden of road traffic deaths to enable prioritization...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2349–2375.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Andrew Fenelon; Michel Boudreaux Abstract The past several decades have witnessed growing geographic disparities in life expectancy within the United States, yet the mortality experience of U.S. cities has received little attention. We examine changes in men’s life expectancy at birth for the 25...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 297–319.
Published: 01 May 1994
...Kenneth C. Land; Jack M. Guralnik; Dan G. Blazer Abstract A fundamental limitation of current multistate life table methodology-evident in recent estimates of active life expectancy for the elderly-is the inability to estimate tables from data on small longitudinal panels in the presence...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 265–276.
Published: 01 May 1988
..., techniques were devised for explaining change in life expectancy in terms of mortality changes in particularage groups and by different causes of death. The approaches adopted by the authors differ, and the purpose of this article is to reconcile the two and tie the results in with those obtained by earlier...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (2): 413–435.
Published: 27 November 2013
.... However, because education had a larger impact on health than did childhood socioeconomic context, adults from disadvantaged childhoods who achieved high education levels often had total and active life expectancies that were similar to or better than those of adults from advantaged childhoods who...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (3): 777–801.
Published: 15 March 2013
...Adrian E. Raftery; Jennifer L. Chunn; Patrick Gerland; Hana Ševčíková Abstract We propose a Bayesian hierarchical model for producing probabilistic forecasts of male period life expectancy at birth for all the countries of the world to 2100. Such forecasts would be an input to the production...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (1): 27–49.
Published: 23 November 2013
.... mortality. For males, the reductions in smoking have larger effects than the rise in obesity throughout the projection period. By 2040, male life expectancy at age 40 is expected to have gained 0.83 years from the combined effects. Among women, however, the two sets of effects largely offset one another...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2307–2321.
Published: 20 November 2019
...Qi Cui; Vladimir Canudas-Romo; Heather Booth Abstract The relationship between differential mortality rates and differences in life expectancy is well understood, but how changing differential rates translate into changing differences in life expectancy has not been fully explained. To elucidate...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1363–1388.
Published: 05 July 2018
... and automatically producing measures of uncertainty. Bayesian estimates show that when mortality levels in small areas are compared, noise often dominates signal. Differences in local point estimates of life expectancy are often small relative to uncertainty, even for relatively large areas in a populous country...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2071–2096.
Published: 12 November 2018
...José Manuel Aburto; Alyson van Raalte Abstract Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) have experienced considerable instability in mortality since the 1960s. Long periods of stagnating life expectancy were followed by rapid increases in life expectancy and, in some cases, even more rapid declines, before...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 645–663.
Published: 05 March 2019
... thus provides an opportunity to generate evidence on a unique question—How do population health and health inequality change when the prevalence of one of the leading causes of death is cut in half? In this article, we estimate the impact of the decline in homicide mortality on life expectancy at birth...
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Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 159–175.
Published: 01 February 1994
...Eileen M. Crimmins; Mark D. Hayward; Yasuhiko Saito Abstract This paper demonstrates the consequences of changes in mortality and health transition rates for changes in both health status life expectancy and the prevalence of health problems in the older population. A five-state multistate life...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 1631–1654.
Published: 01 October 2021
... in the Asian racial group, implying that Asians have a shared story. However, we should expect differences between the ethnic groups given the differences in their timing and place of migration, socioeconomic status, and racialized experiences in the United States. We estimate the life expectancy of the six...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2117–2138.
Published: 01 December 2021
...Stefan Fors; Jonas W. Wastesson; Lucas Morin Abstract Sweden is known for high life expectancy and economic egalitarianism, yet in recent decades it has lost ground in both respects. This study tracked income inequality in old-age life expectancy and life span variation in Sweden between 2006...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (2): 259–272.
Published: 01 May 1976
...James C. McCann Abstract This paper describes a method of estimating life expectancy at birth on the basis of crude vital rates. The method is derived from stable population theory and it furnishes good estimates insofar as the current crude vital rates of a population are close to its intrinsic...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (2): 261–274.
Published: 01 May 1986
...Stephen C. Newman Abstract Two new families of indices measuring the gain in life expectancy resulting from reduction in mortality are introduced: the first looks at the impact of cause of death reduction from the perspective of the entire population; the second, at that segment of the population...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 207–220.
Published: 01 February 2022
...Elizabeth Wrigley-Field; Dennis Feehan Abstract What is the average lifespan in a stationary population viewed at a single moment in time? Even though periods and cohorts are identical in a stationary population, we show that the answer to this question is not life expectancy but a length-biased...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data