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Later-life cognition

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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 915–930.
Published: 06 July 2011
... functioning between men and women for six of the seven study sites, I assess the extent to which these differences can be explained by prevailing male-female differences in education. I decompose predicted male-female differences in cognitive functioning based on various statistical models for later-life...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2125–2158.
Published: 21 November 2017
...Jo Mhairi Hale Abstract Population aging has driven a spate of recent research on later-life cognitive function. Greater longevity increases the lifetime risk of memory diseases that compromise the cognitive abilities vital to well-being. Alzheimer’s disease, thought to be the most common...
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Demography (2022) 59 (3): 975–994.
Published: 01 June 2022
...Eric Bonsang; Vegard Skirbekk Abstract Cognitive decline is a widespread concern as populations grow older. However, population aging is partly driven by a decrease in fertility, and family size may influence cognitive functioning in later life. Prior studies have shown that fertility history...
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Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (4): 907–926.
Published: 01 November 2008
... cognitive resources accrued in childhood and adulthood have net positive associations with later-life cognitive functioning for women and men?; and (3) To what extent do differences in the amounts and effects of women’s and men’s cognitive resources account for gaps in their cognitive functioning? Compared...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 75–109.
Published: 01 February 2021
...Mingming Ma; Jenjira Yahirun; Joseph Saenz; Connor Sheehan Abstract Population-level disparities in later-life cognitive health point to the importance of family resources. Although the bulk of prior work on the topic has established the directional flow of resources from parents to offspring...
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Demography (2020) 57 (2): 529–558.
Published: 25 March 2020
...Maria Sironi; George B. Ploubidis; Emily M. Grundy Abstract Research on the later-life health implications of fertility history has predominantly considered associations with mortality or self-reported indicators of health. Most of this previous research has either not been able to account...
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Demography (2011) 48 (1): 153–181.
Published: 11 March 2011
... , and 6 present the findings from the multivariate regression analyses. According to Model 1 in Table  2 , four of six childhood socioeconomic indicators are significantly associated with the likelihood of cognitive impairment in later life. Specifically, higher socioeconomic status—measured by born...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1573–1596.
Published: 09 September 2014
... as well as poverty and inequalities later in life. The sibling fixed-effects model brings an additional advantage to our analysis: by comparing the reductions in body size penalties that occur when accounting for skills in the ordinary least squares (OLS) and fixed-effects models, we can shed some light...
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Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1473–1491.
Published: 26 August 2011
... weight, an early outcome shown to affect cognitive, educational, and socioeconomic attainment later in life. Exploiting a major earthquake as a source of acute stress and using a difference-in-difference methodology, I find that maternal exposure to stress results in a significant decline in birth weight...
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Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1317–1341.
Published: 07 June 2018
.... The relationship between education and cognition has been studied. A number of studies have found evidence that education positively affects cognition in later life (e.g., Banks and Mazzonna 2012 ; Schneeweis et al. 2014 ). Because most schooling among older Irish women is completed when they are young...
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Demography (2023) 60 (4): 1139–1161.
Published: 01 August 2023
.... In later life, cognitive performance becomes an important component of healthy aging and continued independent functioning ( World Health Organization 2015 ). Among healthy individuals without clinical cognitive impairment, age-related reductions in cognitive performance can impede the ability to perform...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (2): 619–643.
Published: 28 February 2014
... development (Cagney and Lauderdale 2002 ; Nisbett et al. 2012 ; Schooler et al. 1999 ). Potter et al. ( 2008 ) found that independent of other observable factors, intellectually demanding work is associated with greater cognitive performance in later life, suggesting that behavior may enhance intellectual...
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Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1715–1742.
Published: 13 September 2017
.... ( 2013 ). Prevalence and risk factors of poor sleep quality among Chinese elderly in an urban community: Results from the Shanghai Aging Study . PLoS One , 8 ( 11 ), e81261 . doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081261 Maurer J. ( 2010 ). Height, education and later-life cognition in Latin...
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Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1619–1624.
Published: 15 November 2011
... ............................................401–424 Maurer, Jürgen. Education and Male-Female Differences in Later-Life Cognition: International Evidence From Latin America and the Caribbean......915–930 McDaniel, Anne, Thomas A. DiPrete, Claudia Buchmann, and Uri Shwed. The Black Gender Gap in Educational Attainment: Historical...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (6): 1883–1904.
Published: 14 November 2016
... introduced by Becker and Tomes ( 1976 ), suggesting that parents reinforce human capital differences between their children but may compensate with direct nonhuman capital transfers later in life. Although this empirical finding is clear and consistent across alternative measures of cognitive ability...
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Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1611–1639.
Published: 13 August 2018
... Population Association of America 2018 2018 Prenatal stress Cognitive ability Natural experiment A growing body of research has indicated that in utero exposures matter for individual outcomes later in life. The seminal fetal programming hypothesis suggests that developments that enable...
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Demography (2002) 39 (2): 369–392.
Published: 01 May 2002
... Outcomes . Journal of Family Issues , 16 , 149 – 69 . 10.1177/019251395016002002 Han , W. , Waldfogel , J. , & Brooks-Gunn , J. ( 2001 ). The Effects of Maternal Employment on Later Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes . Journal of Marriage and the Family , 63 , 336 – 54...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S65–S85.
Published: 01 March 2010
... . Barker D.J.P. ( 1998 ). Programming the Baby Mothers, Babies and Health in Later Life (pp. 13 – 41 ). 2nd ed Edinburgh : Churchill Livingstone . Bateson P. , Barker D.J.P. , Clutton-Brock T. , Deb D. , D’Udine B. , Foley R.A. , Gluckman P. , Godfrey K...
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 363–392.
Published: 01 April 2024
...Shiro Furuya; Fengyi Zheng; Qiongshi Lu; Jason M. Fletcher Abstract Causal life course research examining consequences of early-life exposures has largely relied on associations between early-life environments and later-life outcomes using exogenous environmental shocks. Nonetheless, even...
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Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1845–1871.
Published: 23 August 2017
... health and behavior problems strongly predict skill development and academic achievement as well as SES later in life (Bowles and Gintis 1976 ; Conley and Bennett 2000 ; DiPrete and Jennings 2012 ; Palloni 2006 ). SES and health thus both result from and contribute to each other at all stages...
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