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Lactational Amenorrhea

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Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (2): 255–271.
Published: 01 May 1970
...Anrudh K. Jain; T. C. Hsu; Ronald Freedman; M. C. Chang Abstract Interrelations between lactation and post-partum amenorrhea are studied from the reports of about 5,000 married women included in a 1966 Follow-up Survey of Acceptors of an Intrauterine Device (IUD) in Taiwan. The length of post...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (3): 425–437.
Published: 01 August 1989
... , J. , Martorell , R. , & Klein , R. E. ( 1979 ). Effect of maternal nutritional status and infant supplementation during lactation on postpartum amenorrhea . American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology , 42 , 303 – 307 . Delgado , H. , Lechtig , A. , Brineman , E...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (2): 167–180.
Published: 01 May 1996
... Population Association of America 1996 1996 Amenorrhea Night Feeding Lactational Amenorrhea Postpartum Amenorrhea Time Postpartum References Adair L.S. , Popkin B.M. , & Guilkey D.K. ( 1993 ). The Duration of Breast-Feeding: How Is It Affected by Biological, Socio...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (2): 667–703.
Published: 02 April 2015
... or lactational amenorrhea according to their empirical distributions. To give birth, a woman needs to meet a series of conditions. To conceive, she must have experienced menarche but not yet menopause, and she cannot suffer from pathological sterility. She must be going through menstrual cycles, which...
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Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 467–479.
Published: 01 November 2001
... the contraceptive effect. For instance, a 1988 survey in Malawi found that fewer than 20% of all women mentioned the de- lay of pregnancy as an advantage of breast-feeding (Zulu 1996). Postpartum sexual abstinence has an independent ef- fect on birth intervals if it lasts longer than lactational amenorrhea. Most...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (4): 771–784.
Published: 01 November 2007
... preferences and behavior (LeGrand and Sandberg 2006; Montgomery and Cohen 1998; Preston 1978). Replacement, in turn, has two components: a biological component that arises from the truncation of lactational amenorrhea following the death of breast-feeding infants, and a volitional component that arises from...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (3): 413–430.
Published: 01 August 1987
... ovulation that increase with period elapsed since childbirth. This rise is in keeping with insights into the mechanisms relating length of postpartum amenorrhea to lactational behavior, which imply a weakening inhibition of ovulation as the mother passes from-more to less frequent and less intensive...
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (3): 333–352.
Published: 01 August 1993
... of the hazard model is used to examine the effects of the key nutrition and lactation factors. This study on the proximate determinants of birth spacing in Cebu, the Philippines. looks separately at the two components of pregnancy intervals: time from birth to the return of menses (or postpartum amenorrhea, PPA...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (1): 24–34.
Published: 01 February 1996
... Population Association of America 1996 1996 Failure Rate Life Table Amenorrhea Dominican Republic Calendar Data References Becker, S. and S. Ahmed. 1994. “The Interaction of Breastfeeding and Contraception in Peru.” Presented at annual meetings of the Population Association of America...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (2): 157–172.
Published: 01 May 1981
... the me- dian length of postpartum amenorrhea can be predicted from the median dura- tion of natural lactation (1980). If we as- sume the relationship implied in this model to hold true for the James Bay In- dians, then a reduction from 15 to 5 months in the average duration of breast- feeding experienced...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 27–36.
Published: 01 February 2022
... and intrauterine devices); hormonal short-acting contraceptives (SACs; i.e., oral contraceptive pills and injectables); coital short-acting contraceptives (i.e., condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps); and traditional methods (i.e., withdrawal and rhythm methods and lactational amenorrhea). 5 Because...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (1): 127–137.
Published: 01 February 1992
... as standardized rates of use effectiveness overestimate effectiveness of use in developing countries, the present methodology will underestimate induced abortion rates. If there is little use of induced abortion and if the estimates of contraceptive use and postpartum amenorrhea are accurate, the sum of the age...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (1): 101–117.
Published: 01 February 1991
... of pregnancy risk, spousal concurrence on sex, and sexual activity - as proximate determinants of fertility regulation. Few micro-level models of fertility regulation behavior include the cognitive analogs of determinants such as lactational amenorrhea or menstruation - i.e., individual perceptions...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (3): 821–841.
Published: 24 February 2020
..., this serves as an effective method of contraception (the lactational amenorrhea method) in the first six months postpartum (Trussell 2011 ). Unfortunately, the PRAMS question on breastfeeding does not identify whether current breastfeeding is exclusive. Moreover, neither the PRAMS question on whether...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (1): 99–112.
Published: 01 February 1973
... that are ovulatory (Perez et al., 1971). Though it is well estab- lished that prolonged lactation delays the onset of menstruation and ovulatory function, it is not proven yet that longer periods of amenorrhea are associated with lower proportions of first cycles ovulatory. At any rate, it is assumed that the number...
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (4): 519–524.
Published: 01 November 1971
...K. B. Pathak Abstract A probability model to estimate fecundability of a married woman has been proposed under some mild assumptions. It utilises the knowledge on the susceptibility status of the married women (including menstruation, menopause, pregnancy and amenorrhea) and therefore sets another...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 497–512.
Published: 01 November 2001
...Jeffrey J. Rous Abstract Using data from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey, I disentangle the complex interrelationship between breastfeeding, postpartum amenorrhea, and choice of contraceptive method. I find evidence that women substitute breast-feeding for contraception. Further...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (3): 419–434.
Published: 01 August 1986
... shorter in urban areas, where powdered milk is more available and more women are in the workforce. Shorter periods of lactational amenorrhea would result in higher fecundity of the urban population. Rural M rose to roughly .8 in the 1960s and early 1970s. Again, better reporting of events in a more recent...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (1): 31–52.
Published: 01 February 1986
... . 10.2307/2737284 Jain A. K. , Hsu T. C. , Freedman R. , & Chang. M. C. ( 1970 ). Demographic aspects of lactation and postpartum amenorrhea . Demography , 7 , 255 – 271 . 10.2307/2060415 Knodel J. , & Kinter. H. ( 1977 ). The impact of breastfeeding...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 295–320.
Published: 01 February 2021
...), or discontinuation due to desire to get pregnant (competing risk). b Long-acting methods include female sterilization, male sterilization, IUD, and implant. Short-acting methods include injectables, pills, emergency contraception, male condoms, female condoms, standard days/cycle, lactational amenorrhea...
Includes: Supplementary data