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Initial Parity

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Published: 27 April 2011
Fig. 1 Average parity of initial population by age and intended education (IE), using Austrian data from 1981 and 1984 More
Journal Article
Demography (1980) 17 (4): 365–378.
Published: 01 November 1980
...Ronald Freedman; Deborah S. Freedman; Arland D. Thornton Abstract Changing fertility expectations and preferences from 1962 to 1977 are compared with final parity in a longitudinal study. Results are strongly affected by initial parity in 1962. Final parity, 27 percent below expectations for those...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (1): 65–78.
Published: 01 February 1982
...Deborah S. Freedman; Arland Thornton Abstract This paper uses longitudinal data for 1962–1977 to examine the relationship of husband’s income to 1962 expected fertility, to final parity, and to the discrepancy between initial expectations and final parity, separately for four groups of women who...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (3): 413–422.
Published: 01 August 1984
... the hazards of descriptive analysis, especially of sample data which come in the form of contingency tables. 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1984 1984 High School Graduate Prefer Model Final Parity Initial Parity Expected Frequency References Duncan O. D...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (3): 423–429.
Published: 01 August 1984
...Arland D. Thornton; Ronald Freedman; Deborah S. Freedman 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1984 1984 Parity Group American Sociological Review Initial Parity Initial Expectation Ordinal Nature References Freedman R. , Freedman D. S...
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (4): 523–534.
Published: 01 November 1979
... as a predictor of fertility over the entire reproductive cycle. The question of prediction for continuous and discontinuous marriages is discussed. 7 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1979 1979 Family Size Initial Parity Future Fertility Subsequent Fertility Ideal Family Size...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (4): 587–611.
Published: 01 November 1974
...; and these differences occur at each parity studied, with one fourth-parity deviation discussed later. Considering the range that is possible within such a limited time, the variations found are moder- ately large. For example, during the follow-up interval women initially at sec- ond parity who had high preference...
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (2): 117–128.
Published: 01 May 1983
... for each parity at time 1 except parities 3+, the occurrence of a birth in the interval increases intended completed family size by more than half a child at each initial parity. For all parities under 3, the intentions-worded variable from the NFS has a lower re- gression coefficient than the desired...
Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (1): 1–17.
Published: 01 February 1976
... been parallel with that of low orders. Initiation of the recent decline in fertility depends on parity and age of woman. 26 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1976 1976 Birth Order Total Fertility Rate Parity Distribution Period Fertility Cumulative Fertility...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (2): 177–189.
Published: 01 May 1982
... For to against 3.36 3.42 .05 For to neutral 3.37 3.50 .13 Number of women 2356 2356 2356 Women's Sex Preferences in the U.S. 183 Table 6.-Parity Progression Ratios for Entire 1970Sampie by Sex Composition of Children Already Born All compositions .770 Unweighted n's 5652 Number of cases at initial parity 5230...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (4): 511–528.
Published: 01 November 1981
... (Catholic/non-Catholic); 2 = current religion (Catho1ic/non-Gatho1ic); 3 6arity progression (p rog- ressed/stayed); 4= initial parity level (0 through 3); and 5 = sex (M/F). One three-way interaction is removed in each of Models 5 through 8. Removal of the background-parity level (134) in- teraction...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (2): 345–361.
Published: 01 May 2008
... fertility during the initial decades of the nineteenth century and more rapid decline as the Civil War approached. Little evidence of fertility control within marriage is found for the very oldest women in the sample, but analysis of parity progression ratios indicates that some control had emerged...
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (4): 493–521.
Published: 01 November 1979
... evidence that changes in birth spacing played an important part in the initial phase of the fertility transition. Rather, the underlying process appears to involve a change from fertility patterns that were characterized by the absence of parity-dependent control to one in which attempts to terminate...
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 45–54.
Published: 01 March 1968
... tierra no mostraron una relación constante con la adopción. Se discute posibles razones de estos resultados. Summary Hypotheses dealing with the relationship between social and demographic variables and contraceptive adoption as a process have been tested for persons initiating adoption during the years...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 847–870.
Published: 01 June 2021
... is about 1.8 percentage points lower if at least one grandparent died since the previous birth than if all grandparents were alive in the reference age category. Next we explore how the impact of grandparental death on parity progression probabilities varies across the initial parity at the start...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 559–579.
Published: 27 April 2011
...Fig. 1 Average parity of initial population by age and intended education (IE), using Austrian data from 1981 and 1984 ...
FIGURES | View All (10)
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (5): 1261–1281.
Published: 16 September 2016
... over her life course. An agent’s age, parity, son preference, sons, access to technology, and abortion values are time-varying and are updated at each time-step in the model. To approximate the initial parity distribution of South Korean women from 1980 onward, we initialized the model 35 years...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (3): 369–384.
Published: 01 August 1983
... as high as their initial 1971 of marriage, parity, and interval since expectations of having no lifetime births last birth. An examination of the expect- (10 and 22 percent, respectively). ed and actual fertility reported by a panel The failure of the initially childless of married couples between 1962...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (1): 179–183.
Published: 01 February 1990
... couples' behavior reflects sequential decision making, whereas the CPA framework implicitly assumes that controllers make an initial one-time decision about the parity at which time they will initiate some effective measures to regulate their fertility. The first of these points is hardly a matter...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 163–188.
Published: 01 May 1988
... of two subpopulations. There may be, at specified parities, couples who have initiated fertility control and couples who have not.> We use CPA to determine the proportion of controllers in the cohort, the parities at which they initiated control, their fertility subsequent to the onset of control...