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Initial Hypothesis

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Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 354–361.
Published: 01 March 1968
... influenced by migration and with incomplete registration systems. 13 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1968 1968 Life Table Initial Hypothesis Mortality Index Life Expectation Fertility Ratio References 1 United Nations, Age and Sex Patterns of Mortality: Model Life...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (5): 1651–1670.
Published: 29 August 2015
.... The study was initiated in 1948, and the obesity data were collected repeatedly over the subsequent decades. The analyses draw analysis samples from a pool of >8,000 individuals in the FHS. The hypothesis testing based on Pitman test, permutation Pitman test, F test, and permutation F test produces three...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 491–499.
Published: 01 June 1966
...Leo F. Schnore; James R. Pinkerton Summary This paper is a preliminary report on an ecological analysis of recent changes in the spatial distribution of socioeconomic strata within 363 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (or substituted units) in the United States. The central hypothesis...
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 343–351.
Published: 01 June 1966
... channel of communication. An exploratory study was carried out by the Central Family Planning Institute to test this hypothesis. The observations made showed that direct mailing is practical, controllable, inexpensive, and useful. The information provided by direct mailing seems to cross the barriers...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (1): 227–247.
Published: 01 February 2010
... for primeage black and white men to test the last hired, first fired hypothesis. Considerable evidence is presented that blacks are the first fired as the business cycle weakens. However, no evidence is found that blacks are the last hired. Instead, blacks appear to be initially hired from the ranks...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 335–361.
Published: 01 May 2004
..., regardless of ADL status at initial ages (see Figure 6). This finding is generally consistent with those of previous similar studies and provides additional evidence concerning de- bates on the hypothesis about the compression of morbidity. We discuss this interesting finding in the following section. Figure...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1873–1895.
Published: 05 September 2017
... (such as smoking) with initially unclear health risks for populations. Developed herein is a hypothesis that the education gradient comprises multiple potent pathways (material, psychological, cognitive) by which health-risk behaviors are influenced, and that there can be circumstances under which pathways act...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (6): 1717–1742.
Published: 04 November 2016
...-being were followed by faster recovery. As a result, the gap to divorcees without children narrowed over time. In an extension to our initial hypothesis, we expected a gradient by child age: the younger the children before divorce, the larger their parents’ declines in general well-being (Hypothesis...
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Journal Article
Demography (1969) 6 (3): 279–286.
Published: 01 August 1969
... Union makes it possible to explore this hypothesis by examining areal differentials in divorce rates. Crude divorce rates and crude marriage rates for 1960 have been published in Vestnik Statistiki for 109 political-administrative areas in the Soviet Union. Several indicators of modernization...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (4): 459–479.
Published: 01 November 1982
... describing the period shocks on the par- ticipation of younger persons. Our initial hypothesis was that these should fluctu- ate with economic growth and recession, being positive for periods with much employment opportunity and negative for periods of recession. For the time series considered here, 1969...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 749–782.
Published: 20 April 2011
... of early check-up visits in Koyang (South Korea) brought evidence against the initial hypothesis that such a program would lead to increased IUD retention. Chan ( 1971 ) found that a home-visit program in Hong Kong aimed at reducing the number of IUD removals among IUD acceptors had only a negligible...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 551–570.
Published: 01 April 2021
... to the elimination of gender earnings inequality ( Busch 2017 ; Murphy and Oesch 2016 ). Based on these theories, our initial hypothesis is as follows: Hypothesis 1 (H1): Women receive lower education premiums than men. England (1992) harnessed the term devaluation to explain both women's inferior...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (4): 571–586.
Published: 01 November 1991
... formulate a number of hypotheses for testing. Hypothesis 1: Unions begun legally are more stable than unions begun nonlegally. 574 Demography, Vol. 28, No.4, November 1991 Hypothesis 1 is based on the selection of couples into an initial legal status based on their commitment to union stability. Couples who...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 901–927.
Published: 21 May 2018
... increase their capacity of processing information and their sense of personal control (Mirowsky and Ross 2007 )—skills that contribute to acquiring and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The cumulative (dis)advantage hypothesis describes a process by which initial advantages or disadvantages associated...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (4): 459–473.
Published: 01 November 1984
... fertility will affect enough couples The Threshold Hypothesis to result in an initial fertility decline. This is not to say that this is easily done, but policymakers need to appreciate that at very low levels of social and economic development it is highly unlikely that significant fertility declines can...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 763–784.
Published: 05 March 2019
... hypothesis, whereas education gaps that narrowed with age have been regarded as support for the age-as-leveler hypothesis. The question of whether education differences in health increase or decrease with age has been examined for more than three decades. Initial research was motivated by two competing...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (3): 301–314.
Published: 01 August 1982
... hypothesis. Data from the 1973 National Survey of Family Growth are analyzed with the finding that race differences in the pace of fertility are real, giving support to the hypothesis. Implications are drawn suggesting that the proper points at which to examine group differences in fertility...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 81–93.
Published: 01 February 1994
... by husbands and wives produce similar mortality effects for both spouses. We examine two fundamentally different predictions regarding mortality patterns within a marriage. The shared resource hypothesis suggests that shared lives lead to shared mortality risks. In contrast, the inequitable resource...
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (4): 659–660.
Published: 01 November 1973
... his hypothesis to 1690. If we are initially uneasy about Zito's linear hypothesis for a duration of 100 years, we might be even more reluctant to accept the same hypothesis for a period of 140 years. Even if the linear model were the ap- propriate one for the period 1550 to 1690, there arc some...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1563–1591.
Published: 07 June 2013
... are possibly generated by multiple dynamics specified by a two-mortality model instead of a uniform process throughout most adult ages. Besides testing the hypothesis that the late-middle and early-old mortality patterns involve multiple mortality processes, we also expect to arrive at findings...
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