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Infrastructure development

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Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (3): 385–398.
Published: 01 August 1997
... services, labor-market conditions, and infrastructure development. These results provide insights regarding the structural determinants of contraceptive use and fertility that are useful for drawing policy implications. 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1997 1997 Family...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 347–371.
Published: 27 January 2020
... it is least prevalent among mothers—a finding not explained by concomitant regional variation in gender inequality, family norms, and infrastructural development. These findings highlight the importance of child mortality for family outcomes beyond fertility in the African context and demonstrate...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (3): 443–464.
Published: 01 August 2004
... mortality by household wealth but a substantial increase by mother’s education. Improvements in infrastructure and economic development were associated with lower levels of socioeconomic inequality in under-five mortality. Mother’s education emerged as the key factor underlying socioeconomic inequalities...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1503–1528.
Published: 24 July 2017
... as the 2010 Rwanda DHS. By using the DHS infrastructure, we ensure that our research design can be used in face-to-face surveys in developing countries across the world. Our sample–which was a special survey, distinct from the 2010 Rwanda DHS–was drawn using a stratified, two-stage cluster design...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (5): 1773–1796.
Published: 26 August 2015
... of the electricity grid and changes in the fertility rate, as well as the transmission channels, while controlling for district and time fixed effects. In addition, the data include a large set of variables that capture sociodemographic change and also economic and infrastructure development in districts. Although...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (2): 283–302.
Published: 01 May 2008
... on contraceptive and fertility decisions, either through institutional or social effects; and (2) vary suf ciently between villages to show a signi cant empirical impact. I include three measures of village infrastructural development: (1) whether the village had a school, which may in uence contraceptive...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (4): 1477–1500.
Published: 10 July 2014
... Blackouts Electricity Fertility Infrastructure development Electrification brings many benefits to rural communities in developing countries, including increasing employment rates, allowing industrialization, and introducing new technologies for home and market production (Dinkelman 2011 ; Rud...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (4): 763–790.
Published: 01 November 2002
... and the development of community-level infrastructures, whereas Brazil did not pursue overt policies that promoted racial inequality. To the degree that apartheid institutions did, in fact, create racial inequality in the provision of a health- promoting infrastructure and individual opportunity, racial differences...
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (1): 31–57.
Published: 01 February 2024
..., as well as a significant population of resettled refugees from Mozambique. It is located in a rural area with limited infrastructure development, few educational and employment opportunities, and high HIV prevalence ( Kahn et al. 2012 ). The site is one of the areas of South Africa most negatively...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 33–63.
Published: 01 February 1994
..., to account for changes in fecundity associated with aging; women's economic opportunities, reflected by their educational attainment and mean real wages; general economic development, captured by men's mean real wages; and measures of family planning program inputs and other community infrastructure...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (2): 211–229.
Published: 01 May 1996
... Côte d’Ivoire . Economic Development and Cultural Change , 38 , 231 – 62 . 10.1086/451791 Thomas D. , & Strauss J. ( 1992 ). Prices, Infrastructure, Household Characteristics and Child Height . Journal of Development Economics , 39 , 301 – 31 . 10.1016/0304-3878(92)90042-8...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 827–850.
Published: 01 November 2009
...-derives both from a lack of community-level infrastructure and from the inability of some households to exploit it when available. Policy needs to operate at both the community and household levels to correct such deficiencies. 13 1 2011 © Population Association of America 2009 2009...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S5–S15.
Published: 01 March 2010
... Centers, their role in the development of the ¿ eld of population aging, and the mechanism for selecting the manuscripts included in this special issue. THE NIA DEMOGRAPHY CENTERS As recently as the early 1990s, the quantity of research and research infrastructure focusing on the demography of aging...
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (2): 269–279.
Published: 01 May 1993
... in developmental services and in high expenditures on other types of services can repel both businesses and affluent residents. Thus we measure the effects of 1) infrastructure expenditures as measured by per capita expenditures on services designed to support local development, including streets, sanitation...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 149–180.
Published: 05 December 2012
... many dimensions extending well beyond fertility reduction, which do not appear to dissipate rapidly after two decades. 15 10 2012 5 12 2012 © Population Association of America 2012 2012 Fertility Family planning Health and development Program evaluation Bangladesh...
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Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (1): 1–22.
Published: 01 February 2005
... for developing countries are briefly considered. 15 2 2011 © Population Association of America 2005 2005 Gross Domestic Product Clean Water Child Mortality Typhoid Fever Decennial Census References Baker , M.N. ( 1948 ). The Quest for Pure Water: The History of Water...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2249–2271.
Published: 08 November 2017
... variables, therefore, describe the second-generation migrants in their later adulthood. The linkage of the 1940 and 2000 censuses relied on the record linkage infrastructure developed within the U.S. Census Bureau Center for Administrative Records Research and Applications (CARRA). The 1940 and 2000...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (2): 249–264.
Published: 01 May 1996
... economic climate is also influenced by the degree of development of the local infrastructure. The existence of a paved road to the nearest highway indicates how easily products may be shipped into and out of the com- munity. The presence of a preparatory school (the equivalent of a U.S. high school...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (2): 643–668.
Published: 21 March 2018
... that adolescent pregnancy can have detrimental economic and social consequences is especially acute in developing countries, where early childbearing is associated not only with health risks such as maternal mortality and low birth weight 2 but also with low school attainment and productivity, and consequently...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (1): 15–30.
Published: 01 February 2024
... identity. The observed sexual and gender identity response patterns across birth cohorts underscore the importance of developing and applying new strategies to directly measure sexual- and gender-diverse adults who identify with identities outside of those explicitly captured on surveys. The integration...
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