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Informal Payment

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Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (1): 93–112.
Published: 01 February 2007
...Lenna Nepomnyaschy Abstract I use three waves of panel data to examine the relationship between child support payments and fathers’ contact with their nonmarital children. I disaggregate support into fathers’ formal and informal payments and incorporate cross-lagged effects models to identify...
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (4): 719–735.
Published: 01 November 1993
... support. The existence of informal modifications also has implications for the role of the state and for the consequences of imposing a system, such as universal payroll deductions, that is tied to the formal divorce settlement as the primary means of providing child support payments. In the next section...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1711–1720.
Published: 01 December 2023
... affirmatively, they are asked whether the agreement was informal or legal, or whether a legal agreement is pending. 5 The custodial parent is also asked whether they were due any child support in the last year. Some custodial parents report that they have (or had) a legal agreement but that no payments were...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (2): 135–146.
Published: 01 May 1998
... older children and therefore older par- ents), more complete coverage of informal payments than in other surveys, and the somewhat higher response rates for highly educated respondents at Time 2 than for those with less education. Compared with those without joint legal custody, fathers with joint...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (1): 171–189.
Published: 01 February 2003
... collected for heads and wives separately. Although the PSID codebook in- dicates that the earlier measures included payments to both heads and wives, we observed a sharp increase, beginning in 1985, in receipts among households with two adults, indi- cating that the information on child-support receipts...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (3): 933–954.
Published: 06 November 2012
..., to the difference between adoption and foster care payments, or to both? Our primary data are from the 1998 and 2006 AFCARS, which contains basic information on all children in foster care in 42 states and the District of Columbia. 5 Although AFCARS began in 1995, it was not until 1998 that states faced...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (3): 385–389.
Published: 01 August 1983
... members of the household who might not have known about children from the man's previous marriage. Men were asked about the provision of "financial support" to children, but women were asked about the receipt of "child support payments"-yet this question came after the information on children from previ...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (2): 175–186.
Published: 01 May 1998
... their children. This information is supple- mented with administrative data from child-support offices on the establishment of child-support obligation awards and child-support payments for each mother in the sample. PREVIOUS LITERATURE Previous research on absent fathers has focused largely on three aspects...
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (3): 367–380.
Published: 01 August 1985
... on the logarithm of the odds for those two family situations. 9 Other surveys that attempt to collect child support information for the general population systemati- cally understate whether child support is received by AFDC families because often such payments are made directly to the child support agency...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (2): 159–173.
Published: 01 May 1998
...? Second, do the effects of child support differ when child-support awards and payments are made cooperatively as opposed to being court ordered? Third, are any positive effects of child support solely a product of unmeasured differences among fathers and families? Controlling for the socioeconomic...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (3): 585–605.
Published: 01 August 2004
... .095 .132 FHA/VA/FHAM mortgage .178 .360 .162 .327 Second mortgage .244 .150 .199 .163 Full Sample Weighted N 28,131 4,949 1,400 4,078 aAmong those with nonmissing information on down payment. 7. The contextual analyses are multilevel, with metropolitan areas as higher-level...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (2): 203–213.
Published: 01 May 2000
... support that could be owed if the custodial parent paid for work-related child care. Current support payments are approximately one-half to two-thirds the amount dictated by the guidelines considered here. Because the data contain information only on support actually paid, I cannot calculate the extent...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 151–174.
Published: 19 January 2012
... of mothers’ employment. This is essential for several reasons. In developing countries, labor markets are characterized by higher levels of informality, a considerable share of the employment in rural regions, and heterogeneous payment alternatives (paid versus unpaid, for example). These dimensions...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (1): 205–225.
Published: 01 February 2010
... Aquilino W.S. ( 2006 ). Noncustodial Father-Child Relationship From Adolescence Into Young Adulthood . Journal of Marriage and Family , 68 , 929 – 46 . 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00305.x Arditti J.A. , & Keith T.Z. ( 1993 ). Visitation Frequency, Child Support Payment...
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 545–547.
Published: 01 June 1966
... was not hospitalized or in an extended-care facility) after payment of a $40 initial deductible and after payment of $10 coinsurance for each day of hospi- talization after 60 days. The magnitude of the deductible and coinsurance is subject to increase if hospitalization costs rise in the future. The HI program also...
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (2): 249–260.
Published: 01 May 1995
...Pedro M. Hernandez; Andrea H. Beller; John W. Graham Abstract We examine changes over the 1980s in the effect of child support payments on the educational attainment of children age 16 to 19 in the United States, and why child support has a stronger impact than other sources of income. We use 1979...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (4): 483–496.
Published: 01 November 1996
... received the full amount they were owed. Twenty- five percent received nothing, In short, fewer than 40% of all families with eligible children received any child support in 1989 (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1991a). Although one argument proposed to explain these low payment rates is that fathers cannot...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2283–2297.
Published: 08 October 2018
... in the household received Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), food stamps/Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Social Security (also including survivors benefits), Supplemental Security Income (SSI; including both children and adults), unemployment insurance, veteran’s payments (VA), child...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (2): 587–615.
Published: 08 March 2018
... to “be used as an integrated measure of physical, psychological, and social functioning in studies of working populations.” As we will argue in this article, long-term sickness spells in Germany provide a highly reliable measure of illness given that the misuse of sickness payments is strongly restricted...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 965–976.
Published: 01 August 2023
... mothers with a one-time payment around childbirth to assist with the costs of having a child, thereby reducing financial strain ( UK Department of Work and Pensions 2022 ). This policy does not exist in the United States. Finally, recent studies have shown that the 2021 expanded Child Tax Credit...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Includes: Supplementary data