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Infant mortality

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Published: 20 June 2012
Fig. 2 Infant mortality rate (IMR) and early childhood mortality (CHMORT) in the Netherlands, 1859–1939. The data are from Central Bureau of Statistics ( 2001 ); computations are based on Tabeau et al. ( 1994 ) More
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (4): 675–699.
Published: 01 November 2003
..., although decreasingly so, at higher levels of socioeconomic status. To minimize problems with reverse causality, I tested competing hypotheses for observed socioeconomic gradients for infant mortality outcomes. I found no support for the income-inequality hypothesis and negligible support...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 773–800.
Published: 01 November 2004
...W. Parker Frisbie; Seung-eun Song; Daniel A. Powers; Julie A. Street Abstract Although substantial declines in infant mortality rates have occurred across racial/ethnic groups, there has been a marked increase in relative black-white disparity in the risk of infant death over the past two decades...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (4): 639–660.
Published: 01 November 1991
...Douglas Forbes; W. Parker Frisbie Abstract Using a half-century of death records from San Antonio/Bexar County, Texas, we examine the timing and cause structure of Spanish surname and Anglo infant mortality. Our findings show that despite the substantial disparities between ethnic-specific infant...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (3): 413–430.
Published: 01 August 1990
...Isaac W. Eberstein; Charles B. Nam; Robert A. Hummer Abstract We examine infant mortality among the 1980–1982 live birth cohorts in the state of Florida, specific to five categories of underlying cause of death: infections, perinatal conditions, delivery complications, congenital malformations...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (2): 335–343.
Published: 01 May 1989
...Richard G. Rogers Abstract This article examines ethnic differences in cause-specific infant mortality, using linked birth and infant death records from a cohort of New Mexican singleton infants, 1980–1983. The research, which applies log-linear analysis, focuses on the combined influences...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 581–595.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Julie DaVanzo Abstract Household data from Malaysia are used to assess the roles of a number of mortality correlates in explaining the inverse relationship between the infant mortality rate (IMR) and socioeconomic development. Increases in mothers’ education and improvements in water and sanitation...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 597–609.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Hallie J. Kintner Abstract This article investigates how sociodemographic, economic, medical, and public health factors influence infant mortality by using data about German administrative areas from 1871 to 1933. Marital fertility has the largest impact on infant mortality, followed...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (6): 2051–2052.
Published: 05 October 2015
...William H. James 18 9 2015 5 10 2015 © Population Association of America 2015 2015 Pongou ( 2013 ) suggested that infant mortality is higher in boys than in girls because of an environmental cause common to both. I suggest that this is correct and that one such cause is high...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (2): 341–366.
Published: 09 January 2014
...Emily Smith-Greenaway; Jenny Trinitapoli Abstract Contextual characteristics influence infant mortality above and beyond family-level factors. The widespread practice of polygyny is one feature of many sub-Saharan African contexts that may be relevant to understanding patterns of infant mortality...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (2): 367–386.
Published: 04 February 2014
...Carolyn M. Moehling; Melissa A. Thomasson Abstract We take advantage of unique data on specific activities conducted under the Sheppard-Towner Act from 1924 through 1929 to focus on how public health interventions affected infant mortality. Interventions that provided one-on-one contact...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (4): 695–713.
Published: 01 November 1981
...Michael Grossman; Steven Jacobowitz Abstract The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the causes of the rapid decline in the infant mortality rate in the United States in the period after 1963. The roles of four public policies are considered: Medicaid, subsidized family planning services...
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (4): 391–409.
Published: 01 November 1977
...John Knodel; Hallie Kintner Abstract A major assumption of the biometric analysis of infant mortality as developed by Bourgeois-Pichat is that the age structure of infant deaths after the first month of life is virtually constant across time and cultures. Reanalysis of results from studies which...
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (2): 235–240.
Published: 01 May 1970
...John Stoeckel Abstract Infant mortality trends in a rural area of East Pakistan are analyzed utilizing the Bogue pregnancy history technique. The findings indicate that infant mortality has declined slightly over 20 percent between 1958 and 1967. The existence of development programs in women’s...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (4): 603–615.
Published: 01 November 1972
...Robert M. Jiobu Abstract This study relates differential socioeconomic status between blacks and whites to racial differentiation in infant mortality rates. The basic assumption is that decreases in socioeconomic differentiation and related variables lead to decreases in the black—white infant...
Journal Article
Demography (1969) 6 (4): 425–433.
Published: 01 November 1969
...Helen C. Chase Abstract The physical development of the live born infant is the single most important variable governing its survival: infant mortality among those weighing 2,500 grams (5 1/2 pounds) or less at birth is 17 times the mortality among those weighing more than 2,500 grams at birth...
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (3): 455–473.
Published: 01 August 1979
...Alberto Palloni Abstract The paper presents new estimates of infant mortality for Colombia and El Salvador for the years 1950–1970. These estimates are obtained by using a technique which improves on Brass’s method in that it suppresses the assumption of constant mortality and introduces instead...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (1): 1–19.
Published: 01 February 1975
...Eui Hang Shin Abstract This paper examines the trends and variations in the black-white differentials in infant mortality in ten selected Southern states during the 1940–1970 period. The patterns observed from the Southern states are compared with those observed from seven selected Northern states...
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (1): 41–58.
Published: 01 February 1999
...Alberto Palloni; Hantamala Rafalimanana Abstract In this paper, we examine empirical evidence for a relation between infant and child mortality and fertility in Latin American countries from 1920 to 1990. We investigate the relation at several levels of aggregation and evaluate the extent to which...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 509–517.
Published: 01 November 1998
...Willem Jan Van Der Veen Abstract Frisbie, Forbes, and Pullum (1996) show that it is meaningful to account for low birth weight, preterm delivery, and intrauterine growth-retardation when analyzing differences in compromised birth outcomes and infant mortality among racial and ethnic groups. I...