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Inequality

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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2041–2063.
Published: 01 December 2021
...Linda Zhao; Philipp Hessel; Juli Simon Thomas; Jason Beckfield Abstract This study contributes to the debate on whether income inequality is harmful for health by addressing several analytical weaknesses of previous studies. Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics in combination with tract-level...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1427–1452.
Published: 15 July 2019
..., but not for SCs and OBCs. For these groups, the remaining height gap is explained by local processes related to social inequality. We use two complementary empirical strategies to arrive at these results. First, we use a reweighting decomposition to quantify the fraction of height disparities that can...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (2): 215–229.
Published: 01 May 1995
... between blacks’ and whites’ mortality. We discuss limitations of the data and directions for future research. 9 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1995 1995 Death Certificate Postsecondary Education Adult Mortality Educational Inequality Educational Difference...
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (3): 379–405.
Published: 01 August 1995
...Lynn A. Karoly; Gary Burtless Abstract This paper uses new methods to determine the sources of the sharp fall and then the steep rise in personal income inequality between 1959 and 1989. The increase in the proportion of single-head families tended to boost inequality over the entire period. Forty...
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (4): 599–615.
Published: 01 November 1995
... such inequality in the housing market. Empirical analyses of homeownership, household crowding, and housing costs demonstrate that immigration plays a role in explaining relatively low homeownership and high household crowding for each of four large Hispanic populations (Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and other...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 2009–2017.
Published: 01 October 2021
... or increasing racial inequality in the late twentieth century, disparities between Black/African American and White children began to decrease in the twenty-first century in nearly every state, closing entirely in several Southern states but remaining wide outside the South. In many Midwestern and Western...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1185–1205.
Published: 21 July 2016
... unobserved and observed neighborhood and family characteristics, we use twins fixed-effects models to assess whether racial disparities in education exist between twins and whether such disparities vary by gender. We find that even under this stringent test of racial inequality, the nonwhite educational...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 1155.
Published: 11 May 2012
...Leticia J. Marteleto An error appears in Table 2 of “Educational Inequality by Race in Brazil, 1982–2007: Structural Changes and Shifts in Racial Classification,” by Leticia Marteleto (vol. 49(1), 337–358). The label for the first row of the table should read “Sex (omitted: male).” DOI...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 1003–1017.
Published: 23 April 2014
...Duncan O. S. Gillespie; Meredith V. Trotter; Shripad D. Tuljapurkar Abstract In the past six decades, lifespan inequality has varied greatly within and among countries even while life expectancy has continued to increase. How and why does mortality change generate this diversity? We derive...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 571–602.
Published: 01 April 2021
... dimensions of human and social development. In spite of this unique scenario, never has the social stratification literature examined patterns and implications of educational assortative mating for inequality in SSA. Using 126 Demographic and Health Surveys from 39 SSA countries between 1986 and 2016...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 337–358.
Published: 19 January 2012
... from 1982 and 1987 to 2007, this study investigates educational inequalities between white, pardo (mixed-race), and black Brazilians over the 25-year period. Although the educational advantage of whites persisted during this period, I find that the significance of race as it relates to education...
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Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 889–912.
Published: 09 May 2012
... of young adulthood is characterized by continuity in neighborhood conditions and persistent racial inequality from childhood to adulthood. For young adults who exit highly segregated urban areas, this period is characterized by a substantial leveling of racial inequality, with African Americans moving...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 867–887.
Published: 26 May 2012
...Richard Breen; Signe Hald Andersen Abstract Many writers have expressed a concern that growing educational assortative mating will lead to greater inequality between households in their earnings or income. In this article, we examine the relationship between educational assortative mating...
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Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1335–1360.
Published: 21 August 2012
... of America 2012 2012 Migration Remittances Wealth inequality Mexico Scholarly interest in remittances, funds, and goods sent by migrants to their origin families and communities has grown dramatically in recent years. Estimates indicate that annual international remittances to developing...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 527–550.
Published: 01 April 2021
...Yifan Shen Abstract More married couples today consist of two high-earning or two low-earning partners (i.e., earnings homogamy), which leads to greater earnings inequality in married-couple families. Surprisingly few studies have examined this relationship by earnings level, leaving open...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 01 April 2021
Fig. 1 Trends in earnings inequality between married couples in urban China: 1988–2013. Source: CHIP 1988, 1995, 2002, and 2013. Fig. 1 Trends in earnings inequality between married couples in urban China: 1988–2013. Source: CHIP 1988, 1995, 2002, and 2013. More
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1371–1388.
Published: 13 June 2019
.... In southern cities, a sharper fall in infectious mortality did not take place until the late 1930s. Mortality Epidemiological transition Infectious disease Inequality Economic history In the first half of the twentieth century, the rate of death from infectious disease in the United States...
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Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 123–145.
Published: 27 January 2020
... nonsignificant. These findings extend our understanding of the geography of educational opportunity in the United States and reinforce the idea that understanding inequalities in academic achievement requires evidence on what happens inside as well as outside schools. In sum, the literature on neighborhood...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1297–1321.
Published: 23 July 2020
... Black-White inequality in homeownership sustainability, which emphasizes Black homeowners’ socioeconomic challenges that are external to mortgage market evaluations, with a particular focus on the mediating role of liquid assets. Based on the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, the framework is put...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 653–674.
Published: 14 April 2011
...Fred C. Pampel; Justin T. Denney Abstract The spread of tobacco use from the West to other parts of the world, especially among disadvantaged socioeconomic groups, raises concerns not only about the indisputable harm to global health but also about worsening health inequality. Arguments relating...
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