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Inequality

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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2041–2063.
Published: 01 December 2021
...Linda Zhao; Philipp Hessel; Juli Simon Thomas; Jason Beckfield Abstract This study contributes to the debate on whether income inequality is harmful for health by addressing several analytical weaknesses of previous studies. Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics in combination with tract-level...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1427–1452.
Published: 15 July 2019
... rural general caste children? We find that SES variables largely explain the height gap for STs, but not for SCs and OBCs. For these groups, the remaining height gap is explained by local processes related to social inequality. We use two complementary empirical strategies to arrive at these results...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2243–2263.
Published: 01 December 2021
...Tobias Rüttenauer; Henning Best Abstract Previous research has shown that low-income households bear a higher exposure to environmental pollution than high-income households. Some scholars have argued that selective siting of industrial facilities accounts for such environmental inequality, while...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 187–206.
Published: 01 February 2022
... variation measure, which we call the cross-sectional average inequality in lifespan, or CAL † . This new index provides an alternative perspective on the analysis of lifespan inequality by combining the mortality histories of all cohorts present in a cross-sectional approach. We demonstrate how differences...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 293–320.
Published: 01 February 2022
... disadvantaged in the neighborhood–wealth relationship. They live in more-disadvantaged neighborhoods and receive little return to reductions in neighborhood disadvantage. Findings indicate that disparities in neighborhood (dis)advantage figure prominently in wealth inequality and the racial wealth gap...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1843–1871.
Published: 01 October 2022
... and thus accumulate fewer years of pension income. Both of these opposing factors influence the progressiveness of pension systems. Empirical efforts to disentangle the effects of mortality inequality on lifetime pension inequality have been scarce. Using Swedish taxation data linked with death registers...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 201–226.
Published: 01 February 2023
...Xiaoguang Li; Yao Lu Abstract Extensive research has documented persistent nativity inequality in the U.S. labor market, even among high-skilled immigrants. Yet, this phenomenon has not been sufficiently explained. This study investigates whether different types of education–occupation mismatch...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 15–40.
Published: 01 February 2023
... of interrogating long-standing approaches to the analysis of linkages between race, the criminal legal system, and family life and the investigation of racialized systems and social inequality more broadly. Copyright © 2023 The Author 2023 This is an open access article distributed under the terms...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 1005–1029.
Published: 01 August 2023
...Maria Vaalavuo; Henri Salokangas; Ossi Tahvonen Abstract This article employs a couple-level framework to examine how a child's severe illness affects within-family gender inequality. We study parental labor market responses to a child's cancer diagnosis by exploiting an event-study methodology...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 2009–2017.
Published: 01 October 2021
... or increasing racial inequality in the late twentieth century, disparities between Black/African American and White children began to decrease in the twenty-first century in nearly every state, closing entirely in several Southern states but remaining wide outside the South. In many Midwestern and Western...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 1–29.
Published: 01 February 2008
...Robert J. Sampson; Patrick Sharkey Abstract In this paper, we consider neighborhood selection as a social process central to the reproduction of racial inequality in neighborhood attainment. We formulate a multilevel model that decomposes multiple sources of stability and change in longitudinal...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 805–825.
Published: 01 November 2009
...Vincent Hildebrand; Philippe Van Kerm Abstract We examine the effect of income inequality on individualś self-rated health status in a pooled sample of 11 countries, using longitudinal data from the European Community Household Panel survey. Taking advantage of the longitudinal and cross-national...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (3): 421–445.
Published: 01 August 2006
...Molly A. Martin Abstract Using 24 years of data from the March supplements to the Current Population Survey and detailed categories of family structure, including cohabiting unions, I assess the contribution of changes in family structure to the dramatic rise in family income inequality. Between...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 365–380.
Published: 01 August 2000
...Albert Chevan; Randall Stokes Abstract Industrial restructuring and changing population composition frequently have been treated as competing explanations of growing U.S. income inequality. Using the Gini coefficient, we employ a model of conditional change to explore the relative effects of each...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (4): 415–430.
Published: 01 November 2000
...Leslie McCall Abstract Most research on earnings inequality has focused on the growing gap between workers of different races and at different education, age, and income levels, but a large portion of the increasing inequality has actually occurred within these groups. This article focuses...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 227–251.
Published: 01 May 2001
.... , & Szklo , M. ( 1995 ). Social Inequalities and Atherosclerosis: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study . American Journal of Epidemiology , 141 , 960 – 72 . Dill , B.T. , & Williams , B.B. ( 1992 ). Race, Gender, and Poverty in the Rural South . In C.M. Duncan...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 543–568.
Published: 01 August 2003
...William P. Bridges Abstract It is often assumed that occupational segregation by gender is readily interpretable as an index of inequality between men and women in the labor force. Although this view has been challenged, the development and dissemination of analytic tools that could test...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 499–519.
Published: 01 August 2003
...John Iceland Abstract After dramatic declines in poverty from 1950 to the early 1970s in the United States, progress stalled. This article examines the association between trends in poverty and income growth, economic inequality, and changes in family structure using three measures of poverty...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (3): 363–373.
Published: 01 August 2001
... and long-term immigrants in the absence of recent immigration. I find that immigration over the last three decades can account for a substantial portion of the variation in inequality across the regions. Recent immigration has contributed moderately to national growth in males’ earnings inequality...
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (2): 173–184.
Published: 01 May 1999
...Maria Cancian; Deborah Reed Abstract We estimate the extent to which rising family income inequality can be explained by changes in the earnings of married women. We develop a decomposition equation that separates single persons from married couples (decomposition by population group...