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Income Parameter

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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (2): 809–812.
Published: 23 March 2017
...Rasheda Khanam; Son Nghiem 6 3 2017 23 3 2017 © Population Association of America 2017 2017 Unobserved Heterogeneity Dynamic Panel Data Mathematical Score Child Cognitive Development Income Parameter The association between childhood outcomes and family income has...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1069–1090.
Published: 09 May 2018
... these terms into eight correction components. We use these to adjust parameter estimates from a model of subsequent neighborhood effects on individual income for the unequal probability that a household chooses to live in a particular type of neighborhood. We apply this technique to administrative data from...
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (1): 1–24.
Published: 01 February 1985
...Thomas W. Merrick Abstract The effects of access to piped water on the trends in child mortality and on differentials by income class are analyzed using data on surviving children and other variables in samples of urban mothers aged 20–29 in 1970 and 1976. Path analytic regression techniques...
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (2): 205–223.
Published: 01 May 1973
...Glen G. Cain; Adriana Weininger Abstract Census data for areal units, SMSA’s in 1960 and cities in 1940, are used to test hypotheses and estimate parameters concerning the influence of a variety of socioeconomic variables on fertility rates of ever married white and nonwhite women aged 25–29, 30–34...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (2): 219–232.
Published: 01 May 1990
... money income. The parameters of this model are consistent with predictions derived from a “life-course” perspective and are stable across period, sex, and color. Nonetheless, residual effects of period, sex, and color persist even after the independent variables are taken into account. 13 1 2011...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (1): 31–53.
Published: 01 February 1990
... cycle. Maximum likelihood es- timates of hazard-model parameters show that the mortality of current or last occu- pation differssubstantially from that of longest occupation, controlling for education, income, health status, and other sociodemographic factors. In particular, the rate of mortality...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (3): 597–621.
Published: 15 April 2016
... of the income coefficients is also reduced. This result suggests that parental stress plays a significant role in mediating the effect of income on a child’s outcomes. The effects of investment, parental stress, and neighborhood mechanisms can be investigated by comparing income parameters across the five...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 181–206.
Published: 14 September 2012
... parameters is established solely based on individuals who enter the sample after age 65. We estimate the model separately for men and women. To estimate the associations between individual and spousal income and mortality risk, we parameterize Eq. ( 1 ) as follows: (5) The associations between...
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (2): 181–198.
Published: 01 May 1992
... persons. The matrix, X, represents a series of independent variables assumed to affect income; 13 is a vector of estimable parameters; Al and Azare included to correct for selection bias and are determined by Equations (1) and (2) above; 8 is an estimable parameter that links the bias correction factor...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 783–811.
Published: 19 May 2011
... of the model parameters. 4 The parameterized model is able to reproduce a distribution of fertility outcomes similar to what is observed in the actual census data in Table  1 , suggesting that several key features of the decision process underlying China’s fertility are captured by the parameters. Because...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 527–550.
Published: 01 April 2021
... of inequality measure. When α = 1, the first component is the Gini mean difference (GMD) ( Dagum 1997 ). When α = 2, it is simply variance. Both GMD and variance are measures of variability. After being scaled and parameterized by the second and the third components, GMD and variance become measures...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (1): 149–159.
Published: 01 February 1989
... (determined from the proportions of the observed data) and Y is nonlinear. This shows clearly that income is not lognormally distributed. To adjust for this additional nonlinear parameter, yo is used for fitting the curve. We call this a modified lognormal curve and, in place of equation (5), estimate Z by Z...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1193–1213.
Published: 07 July 2020
..., is complicated. One empirical set of sibling and cousin correlations can be generated from a multitude of distinct theoretical processes. I illustrate this problem in the context of multigenerational mobility: the relationship between the incomes of an ancestor and a descendant separated by several generations...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
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Published: 01 December 2022
Fig. 6 Generating SES gradients in health and mortality. Panel a shows the predicted mortality rate for the 1816 cohort (using the parameters from Table A1 but setting the accident rate at 0 throughout for simplicity) and the counterfactual mortality that results from a 95% decline in I More
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 81–93.
Published: 01 February 1994
... application, we use the program MULCOX to estimate all of the parameters and conduct all of the tests. The Data Estimates of the model are based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), a nationally representative sample of more than 5,000 U.S. households. The file used here contains households...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2109–2134.
Published: 01 December 2022
...Fig. 6 Generating SES gradients in health and mortality. Panel a shows the predicted mortality rate for the 1816 cohort (using the parameters from Table A1 but setting the accident rate at 0 throughout for simplicity) and the counterfactual mortality that results from a 95% decline in I...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (1): 141–155.
Published: 01 February 1971
... discuss later, for including PJ as an explanatory variable. Parameters were estimated by least squares, and log-linear relationships Were examined. Table 1 contains the pa- rameter estimates of the distance, pop- ulation, income, and temperature vari- ables as well as the t-ratios for the white...
Journal Article
Demography (1965) 2 (1): 593–599.
Published: 01 March 1965
... según la rasa, la religión, la ocupación y la distribución por sectores urbanos y rurales. Por ejemplo, la clásica serie histórica de las correlaciones de las clases sociales con la fecundidad puede deducirse de un modelo de difusión para una sociedad. Family Size Social Variable Future Income...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 543–568.
Published: 01 August 2003
.... This equation repre- sents a log-multiplicative model with two dimensions of association (which are specified in parentheses).3 The parameters are a set of fixed row (occupation) scores that can represent income values, prestige scores, or any other inequality-related measure. These parameters are defined...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (1): 117–123.
Published: 01 February 1989
... and 7t are positive parameters and b is a constant. The signs before tt reflect that parents have fewer children, ceteris paribus, the higher the per capita income they became accustomed to when they were children. The basic point about the downward bias in the coefficient estimate of own income...