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Income Inequality

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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 999–1021.
Published: 03 April 2019
...Randall Akee; Maggie R. Jones; Sonya R. Porter Abstract Using unique linked data, we examine income inequality and mobility across racial and ethnic groups in the United States. Our data encompass the universe of income tax filers in the United States for the period 2000–2014, matched...
FIGURES | View All (7)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 867–887.
Published: 26 May 2012
...Richard Breen; Signe Hald Andersen Abstract Many writers have expressed a concern that growing educational assortative mating will lead to greater inequality between households in their earnings or income. In this article, we examine the relationship between educational assortative mating...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 805–825.
Published: 01 November 2009
...Vincent Hildebrand; Philippe Van Kerm Abstract We examine the effect of income inequality on individualś self-rated health status in a pooled sample of 11 countries, using longitudinal data from the European Community Household Panel survey. Taking advantage of the longitudinal and cross-national...
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (2): 173–184.
Published: 01 May 1999
...Maria Cancian; Deborah Reed Abstract We estimate the extent to which rising family income inequality can be explained by changes in the earnings of married women. We develop a decomposition equation that separates single persons from married couples (decomposition by population group...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 465–474.
Published: 01 November 1998
...Edward E. Telles; Nelson Lim Abstract Previous studies ofracial inequality have relied on official statistics that presumably use self-classification of race. Using novel data from a 1995 national survey in Brazil, we find that the estimates of racial income inequality based on self-classification...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (3): 421–445.
Published: 01 August 2006
...Molly A. Martin Abstract Using 24 years of data from the March supplements to the Current Population Survey and detailed categories of family structure, including cohabiting unions, I assess the contribution of changes in family structure to the dramatic rise in family income inequality. Between...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 365–380.
Published: 01 August 2000
...Albert Chevan; Randall Stokes Abstract Industrial restructuring and changing population composition frequently have been treated as competing explanations of growing U.S. income inequality. Using the Gini coefficient, we employ a model of conditional change to explore the relative effects of each...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 499–519.
Published: 01 August 2003
...John Iceland Abstract After dramatic declines in poverty from 1950 to the early 1970s in the United States, progress stalled. This article examines the association between trends in poverty and income growth, economic inequality, and changes in family structure using three measures of poverty...
Journal Article
Demography 9456514.
Published: 16 September 2021
...Stefan Fors; Jonas W. Wastesson; Lucas Morin Abstract Sweden is known for high life expectancy and economic egalitarianism, yet in recent decades it has lost ground in both respects. This study tracked income inequality in old-age life expectancy and life span variation in Sweden between 2006...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1603–1626.
Published: 01 August 2017
...Greg J. Duncan; Ariel Kalil; Kathleen M. Ziol-Guest Abstract Income inequality and the achievement test score gap between high- and low-income children increased dramatically in the United States beginning in the 1970s. This article investigates the demographic (family income, mother’s education...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 18 December 2015
Fig. 2 Narrowing of income-based racial neighborhood inequality in the United States, 1980–2010 More
Journal Article
Demography 9463660.
Published: 03 September 2021
...Linda Zhao; Philipp Hessel; Juli Simon Thomas; Jason Beckfield Abstract This study contributes to the debate on whether income inequality is harmful for health by addressing several analytical weaknesses of previous studies. Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics in combination with tract-level...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (3): 379–405.
Published: 01 August 1995
...Lynn A. Karoly; Gary Burtless Abstract This paper uses new methods to determine the sources of the sharp fall and then the steep rise in personal income inequality between 1959 and 1989. The increase in the proportion of single-head families tended to boost inequality over the entire period. Forty...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 877–899.
Published: 24 April 2018
...Inhoe Ku; Wonjin Lee; Seoyun Lee; Kyounghoon Han Abstract In this article, we examined what has contributed to the worsening income inequality and poverty between 1996 and 2011 in South Korea. We used a rank-preserving exchange method and a conditional reweighting method to assess the roles...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 1093–1117.
Published: 01 June 2021
...Pilar Gonalons-Pons; Christine R. Schwartz; Kelly Musick Abstract The growing economic similarity of spouses has contributed to rising income inequality across households. Explanations have typically centered on assortative mating, but recent work has argued that changes in women's employment...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (2): 541–569.
Published: 17 March 2017
...Deirdre Bloome Abstract The declining prevalence of two-parent families helped increase income inequality over recent decades. Does family structure also condition how economic (dis)advantages pass from parents to children? If so, shifts in the organization of family life may contribute to enduring...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 367–390.
Published: 28 November 2018
... families in the United States appear to translate the same amount of financial resources into greater cognitive advantages relative to the middle-income group than those in the other countries studied. We compare inequalities in other kinds of family characteristics and show that higher income levels...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1833–1851.
Published: 24 August 2020
...Christopher Wimer; Zachary Parolin; Anny Fenton; Liana Fox; Christopher Jencks Abstract Scholars have increasingly drawn attention to rising levels of income inequality in the United States. However, prior studies have provided an incomplete account of how changes to specific transfer programs have...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1547–1565.
Published: 03 July 2018
... find a negative link between prior slavery and contemporary mobility within states, when controlling for a wide range of historical and contemporary factors including income and inequality, focusing on the historical slave states, using a variety of mobility measures, and when exploiting geographical...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1499–1524.
Published: 01 August 2021
...Heather D. Hill Abstract Recent decades have seen increases in the variability of family income, tepid income growth rates for all but the richest families, and widening income inequality. These trends are concerning for child well-being, given the importance of income to parental investments...
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