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Income Change

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Published: 04 March 2016
Fig. 1 Boxplots of the change in monthly log income for low-income, middle-income, and high-income children, SIPP 1984 to 2008. Error bars indicate the 5th and 95th percentiles of the distribution of the change in log family income More
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Published: 17 March 2017
Fig. 4 Kernel-smoothed income rank change across generations by parental income rank and childhood family structure: NLSY79 data More
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 365–380.
Published: 01 August 2000
...Albert Chevan; Randall Stokes Abstract Industrial restructuring and changing population composition frequently have been treated as competing explanations of growing U.S. income inequality. Using the Gini coefficient, we employ a model of conditional change to explore the relative effects of each...
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Published: 15 August 2017
Fig. 1 Change in net female (dis)advantage in annual log personal income and log equivalized income compared with equally educated men, 1990, 2000, and 2009–2011. Control variables include age, age squared, race, region, immigrant status, and marital status. The vertical line in each bar More
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Published: 15 August 2017
Fig. 2 Change in the predicted log annual personal and equivalized income for men and women between 1990 and 2009–2011. Control variables include age, age squared, race, region, immigrant status, and marital status. The vertical line in each bar indicates a 95 % confidence interval. Person More
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Published: 15 August 2017
Fig. 3 Change in net female (dis)advantage in log equivalized income, 1990, 2000, and 2009–2011, by age groups and by racial/ethnic groups. All models are estimated separately, and the reported coefficients indicate female (dis)advantage compared with the male counterpart within the specified More
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Published: 04 March 2016
Fig. 2 Change in the low-income coefficient for three quantile regressions on the 5th and 95th percentiles of the change in children’s log monthly income: (1) including no controls, (2) controlling for age, race, ethnicity, and education, and (3) controlling for age, race, and education, family More
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Published: 20 April 2013
Fig. 2 Average change in occupational income score between linked census years for Southern men aged 16–65, by racial classification consistency. The scale of the y -axis is different for the two time periods because of the size of the error bars in 1880–1910/1920 More
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Published: 23 July 2020
Fig. 1 Mean percentage change in measures of household income adequacy from pre-pregnancy level, by distance from birth month, full sample. The figure displays coefficients from Eq. ( 1 ) in the text, reported in the online appendix (Tables A1 – A3 ), and can be interpreted as the mean monthly More
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Published: 23 July 2020
Fig. 3 Mean percentage change in measures of household income adequacy from pre-pregnancy level, by distance from birth month, subgroups by mother’s educational attainment and household structure. The figures display coefficients from Eq. ( 1 ) in the text, reported in the online appendix More
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 189–221.
Published: 29 January 2018
... to result in EITC alone in Year 2 than SNAP alone. Because eligibility for participation in the EITC and ACTC is work-conditioned and income-tested, and SNAP is means-tested, an obvious place to look for evidence of changes in participation in those programs is changes in macroeconomic labor market...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (3): 299–314.
Published: 01 August 1999
... movements across quintiles, centers on four questions: How much movement is there across the family income distribution? How has this mobility changed over time? To what extent are the movements attributable to factors related to changes in family composition versus events in the labor markets? In light...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1833–1851.
Published: 24 August 2020
...Christopher Wimer; Zachary Parolin; Anny Fenton; Liana Fox; Christopher Jencks Abstract Scholars have increasingly drawn attention to rising levels of income inequality in the United States. However, prior studies have provided an incomplete account of how changes to specific transfer programs have...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 499–519.
Published: 01 August 2003
...John Iceland Abstract After dramatic declines in poverty from 1950 to the early 1970s in the United States, progress stalled. This article examines the association between trends in poverty and income growth, economic inequality, and changes in family structure using three measures of poverty...
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Published: 01 June 2024
Fig. 1 Changes in monthly income and poverty of married women who divorced and cohabiting women who separated. The sample comprises women aged 20–65 from the SOEP 1984–2021. Estimates are based on fixed-effects regression models with control groups and controls for age and period fixed at overall More
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (2): 455–483.
Published: 04 March 2015
... relationship between household income instability, as measured by intrayear income change, and adolescent school behavior outcomes using a nationally representative sample of households with adolescents from the Survey of Income and Program Participation 2004 panel. We find an unfavorable relationship between...
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (1): 67–76.
Published: 01 February 1977
...Saul Hoffman Abstract This paper uses longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine the relationship between changes in marital status and economic status. Differences between men and women and between whites and blacks are also considered. A major finding is that, after...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (1): 82–97.
Published: 01 February 1996
... residential and financial independence. We find that the child’s wage opportunities and the parents’ income are important determinants of establishing independence. The effect of parental income changes with the child’s age. We also find some evidence that federal tax policy influences the decision to become...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (3): 1145–1170.
Published: 04 May 2020
... and the real wage, whereas the crude death rate’s instantaneous response to income changes was a substantial –0.4. Third, the short-term positive check may have weakened over the eighteenth century and largely disappeared in the 1810s. The diversification of food risk resulting from the spread of potato...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 419–447.
Published: 04 March 2016
...Fig. 1 Boxplots of the change in monthly log income for low-income, middle-income, and high-income children, SIPP 1984 to 2008. Error bars indicate the 5th and 95th percentiles of the distribution of the change in log family income ...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data