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In utero

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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1747–1766.
Published: 01 December 2023
...Alberto Ciancio; Jere Behrman; Fabrice Kämpfen; Iliana V. Kohler; Jürgen Maurer; Victor Mwapasa; Hans-Peter Kohler Abstract An influential literature on the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) has documented that poor conditions in utero lead to higher risk of cardiovascular disease...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (1): 87–113.
Published: 01 February 2024
...Hamid Noghanibehambari; Jason Fletcher Abstract Intensive agriculture and deep plowing caused topsoil erosion and dust storms during the 1930s, affecting agricultural income and land values for years. Given the growing literature on the relevance of in utero and early-life exposures...
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Includes: Supplementary data
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Published: 01 December 2022
Fig. 7 The effects of negative in utero shocks. Panel a reproduces and extends a figure in Almond and Currie (2011 : figure 1 ) and shows the decline in the health stock due to a 25% shock in utero that is predicted by the standard Grossman model. We simulate the evolution of health More
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 423–444.
Published: 25 March 2020
... of the nine months in utero as one of the most critical periods in life that shapes future health, economic, and educational trajectories. 10 A question of the size of a child at birth is chosen from these sizes: very large, large, average, small, very small, or does not know. 11 We do...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1855–1874.
Published: 29 July 2019
... to the next generation. Our study uses representative survey data from the United States to trace the impacts of in utero exposure to the 1918 influenza pandemic on the outcomes of the children and grandchildren of those affected. We find evidence of multigenerational effects on educational, economic...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1775–1796.
Published: 05 September 2014
... pregnancy outcomes. Using the 1996 Matlab Health and Socioeconomic Survey (MHSS), we find that women who were pregnant during the famine were less likely to have male children. Moreover, children who were in utero during the most severe period of the Bangladesh famine were 32 % more likely to die within one...
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Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1459–1481.
Published: 08 June 2020
...Ryan Brown Abstract Given the unexpected nature of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, a specific cohort of children were exogenously exposed to increased maternal psychological stress in utero . Rich administrative data and the precise timing of the event allow this study to uniquely...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1389–1425.
Published: 19 July 2019
...Jonas Helgertz; Tommy Bengtsson Abstract The 1918 influenza pandemic had not only a massive instant death toll but also lasting effects on its survivors. Several studies have shown that children born in 1919, and thus exposed to the H1N1 virus in utero , experienced worse health and socioeconomic...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2109–2134.
Published: 01 December 2022
...Fig. 7 The effects of negative in utero shocks. Panel a reproduces and extends a figure in Almond and Currie (2011 : figure 1 ) and shows the decline in the health stock due to a 25% shock in utero that is predicted by the standard Grossman model. We simulate the evolution of health...
FIGURES | View All (8)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 319–340.
Published: 17 January 2018
...Ryan Brown Abstract This study examines the relationship between exposure to violent crime in utero and birth weight using longitudinal data from a household survey conducted in Mexico. Controlling for selective migration and fertility, the results suggest that early gestational exposure...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (1): 23–43.
Published: 01 February 2010
... with unexposed individuals. However, there were no significant differences in median time of onset for those ever experiencing heart disease. As a comparison, we found that there were no significant seasonality effects for those who lived in urban areas during childhood. We conclude that early exposures in utero...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 519–527.
Published: 01 November 1998
... in both the demographic and public-health literatures in which patently postnatal (i.e., ex utero ) measures are taken as outcomes interesting in their own right and/or as risk factors for infant mortality and infant and childhood morbidity. Specifically, he does recognize that we purposefully expanded...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (4): 1501–1525.
Published: 06 June 2014
.... Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) allows for the identification of children who were exposed to disasters during prenatal development. These children are compared with other children born in the same county who were not exposed to disasters while in utero . Regression results suggest...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1473–1491.
Published: 26 August 2011
...Florencia Torche Abstract A growing body of research highlights that in utero conditions are consequential for individual outcomes throughout the life cycle, but research assessing causal processes is scarce. This article examines the effect of one such condition—prenatal maternal stress—on birth...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 499–526.
Published: 01 April 2021
... different aspects of climate/weather variability to different time periods of in utero exposure. The measures are designed to capture the complexities of climate-related risks and isolate their impacts based on the timing and duration of exposure. Specifically, we focus on infant birth weight in Mali...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2005–2031.
Published: 05 December 2019
...), and (2) those who survived being scarred (decreasing average health). We untangle this to find a net of selection scarring effect of 5.4 % decrease in birth weight. Because of long-term effects of in utero exposure, these effects are likely lower bounds on the overall effects of this exposure. 04 10...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 363–392.
Published: 01 April 2024
... be interpreted as selection. Using data from the UK Biobank, we find that in utero exposure to a higher area-level infant mortality rate is associated with genetic predispositions correlated with better educational attainment and health. These findings point to the direction and magnitude of selection from...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 337–361.
Published: 01 April 2024
... an in utero shock ( Heard and Martienssen 2014 ). 2 Three sets of transgenerational studies of human populations examined grandchildren's outcomes and grandparents’ food shocks during the vulnerable, slow growth period before puberty. These studies, using data from the parish of Överkalix in Sweden...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 951–974.
Published: 01 June 2021
... course ( Ferraro 2011 ; Kuh and Ben Shlomo 2004 ). One of the most cited bodies of research supporting critical period effects is the fetal origins hypothesis , which suggests that nutritional deprivation in utero alters the process of organ and tissue formation ( Barker 1990 ). When faced...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1611–1639.
Published: 13 August 2018
... Population Association of America 2018 2018 Prenatal stress Cognitive ability Natural experiment A growing body of research has indicated that in utero exposures matter for individual outcomes later in life. The seminal fetal programming hypothesis suggests that developments that enable...
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Includes: Supplementary data