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Historical Trends

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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1207–1218.
Published: 28 June 2016
...Christopher Wimer; Liana Fox; Irwin Garfinkel; Neeraj Kaushal; Jane Waldfogel Abstract This study examines historical trends in poverty using an anchored version of the U.S. Census Bureau’s recently developed Research Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) estimated back to 1967. Although the SPM...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 889–914.
Published: 03 June 2011
...Anne McDaniel; Thomas A. DiPrete; Claudia Buchmann; Uri Shwed Abstract It is often asserted that the gender gap in educational attainment is larger for blacks than whites, but historical trends comparing the black and white gender gap have received surprisingly little attention. Analysis...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2269–2296.
Published: 01 October 2020
... or a return to earlier levels of coresidence. Using data from the decennial census from 1870 to 2010 and the 2018 American Community Survey, we examine historical trends in children’s multigenerational living arrangements, differences by race/ethnicity and education, and factors that explain the observed...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 193–207.
Published: 01 February 2008
...Lawrence L. Wu Abstract Historical trends in U.S. nonmarital fertility have been compiled almost exclusively from vital statistics on births. This paper complements this historical record by providing cohort estimates of nonmarital fertility for cohorts of U.S. women spanning approximately 50 years...
Journal Article
Demography 11458359.
Published: 15 July 2024
...Saverio Minardi; Giulia Corti; Nicola Barban Abstract This research note examines historical trends in lifespan inequality and the intergenerational transmission of lifespan and longevity in the United States over the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries. We contribute to the literature...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 371–388.
Published: 01 February 2022
... valid and reliable survey measure of preferences. Country-level trends are modeled both historically and with the decline in total fertility, with a focus on regional differentials. Results show that unwanted fertility rates—especially the conditional unwanted fertility rate—have declined substantially...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1969) 6 (3): 223–242.
Published: 01 August 1969
... A _ Lat1n America Group B 57J. 5"IfLI 5 5-1Wlfl"EIIo 50 20 20 5~ 1;60 7~ l~ ~ 1~0 1~ 1920 3~ 1940 5~ 19W Year Source: Appendix, Table A-4 FIG. I.-Historical trends in life expectancy: European and Latin American countries TABLE 8.-Time Lag Between Industrial and Latin American Countries in Achieving...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 475–487.
Published: 01 November 1998
... , 16 , 198 – 208 . 10.1525/sp.1968.16.2.03a00070 Hesse , S.J. ( 1979 ). Women Working: Historical Trends . In K.W. Feinstein (Ed.), Working Women and Families (pp. 35 – 62 ). Beverly Hills : Sage . Jacobs , J. ( 1989 ). Long-Term Trends in Occupational Segregation...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1373–1399.
Published: 01 August 2021
.... The Bayesian forecasting method has strong model-based assumptions regarding trends and age schedules. Thus, developments in age-specific fertility rates that would lead to cohort schedules with shapes not seen in historical data are considered unlikely and rated as having low probability. A nonparametric...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 1715–1735.
Published: 01 October 2021
... with the 1985 cohort, women will be more likely to lose an adult child after age 65 than a young child before age 50, reversing a long-standing historical trend. For women born in 2000, offspring deaths will be mostly concentrated in later life. The 20 million offspring deaths that women in this cohort...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1980) 17 (2): 145–158.
Published: 01 May 1980
...John M. Wardwell; C. Jack Gilchrist Abstract Since 1970, metropo1itan-to-nonmetropo1itan migration has substantially exceeded the corresponding and historically greater stream of migrants from nonmetropolitan to metropolitan areas. Previous research has concentrated on the changes in retirement...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 891–916.
Published: 16 May 2019
... historical vital statistics and stable population models, we report systematic analyses of grandparent-grandchild exposures from both prospective (grandparent) and retrospective (grandchild) perspectives. We also estimate exposure levels and trends specific to education levels of grandparents...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (5): 1429–1451.
Published: 13 September 2016
...Erin R. Hamilton; Jo Mhairi Hale Abstract Historically, undocumented Mexican farm workers migrated circularly, leaving family behind in Mexico on short trips to the United States. Scholars have argued that border militarization has disrupted circular migration as the costs of crossing the border...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 665–677.
Published: 18 January 2019
...Anthony Medford; Kaare Christensen; Axel Skytthe; James W. Vaupel Abstract Although Denmark and Sweden have close cultural and historical ties, lifespans for Danes have generally been lower than those of Swedes. Recent improvements in Danish mortality after a period of stagnation have led...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (3): 723–748.
Published: 12 May 2016
... Population Association of America 2016 2016 Siblings Educational Attainment Historical Trends Religious Affiliation The inverse association between number of siblings and years of educational attainment has been among the most consistently observed empirical patterns in the social sciences...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (2): 417–431.
Published: 01 April 2022
... population trends in shaping the population at time t . The overall population growth rate can also be expressed as the weighted average of age-specific growth rates. In this article, we develop a method to decompose the historical drivers of current population growth by recursively employing the variable- r...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (4): 587–616.
Published: 01 November 2002
... of the contemporary diversification of the population, provides several lessons about how to prepare for that future within a framework of social justice and how to realign recent demographic trends with cherished democratic principles. A review of historical and contemporary controversies about the representation...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 629–648.
Published: 01 November 2004
... declined for blacks to a lesser degree. Whereas the odds ratio was slightly stronger for white women and children at the beginning of the period, the asso- ciation was somewhat stronger for black women and children by 2000 2003. In sum, the historical data show no consistent trend toward greater economic...
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (4): 483–501.
Published: 01 November 1970
...Eduardo E. Arriaga Abstract A study by historical comparison of the fertility trends related to mortality levels is made between Latin America and Europe. The purpose of such study is to show why Latin America did not repeat the European mortality-fertility pattern during 1930–1960. Differences...
Journal Article
Demography 11466590.
Published: 18 July 2024
... the United States over time (1979–2019). Several descriptive patterns contradict the importance of single motherhood. The U.S. prevalence of single motherhood is cross-nationally moderate and typical and is historically stable. Also, child poverty and the prevalence of single motherhood have trended...
Includes: Supplementary data