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High Birth Order

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Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (1): 1–17.
Published: 01 February 1976
... and in a particular case it is conceptually analogous to the total fertility by birth order but free from the influence of the parity distribution. Fertility of American women for the period 1935–1968 was studied by use of such lifetime probabilities. It appears that the trend of fertility of high birth orders has...
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (2): 305–318.
Published: 01 May 1992
..., once the confounding effects of prematurity are removed. The risks associated with short conception intervals are confined to children who are also high birth order; they persist in the presence of controls for prior familial child mortality, breast-feeding, mother’s age, and socioeconomic status...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 688–709.
Published: 01 June 1967
... died. The task was to make the best possible use of various reliable pieces of information directly or indirectly related to fertility, in order to produce some reasonably acceptable estimate of birth rate. One procedure consisted of correcting the reported birth rate for the omission of infant deaths...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1721–1746.
Published: 01 December 2023
..., but this effect is smaller than replacement effects. The analysis reveals that residence in areas of relatively high child mortality is associated with hastened parity progression, again consistent with the insurance hypothesis. Investigation of high-order interactions suggests that insurance effects tend...
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Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (1): 37–51.
Published: 01 February 1973
... data bring into focus new evidence. It was found that economic dependency of women is associated with the marriage differential between sexes. This relationship is especially evident in the regions where birth rates are of a low order. In the geographic areas where fertility is high, the percentage...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (2): 161–184.
Published: 01 May 1986
... that the recent rise is largely due to a “making up” of lower order births (first, second, and third) that had been postponed by a rapid increase in age at marriage. The period trend in higher order births and cohort trends of cumulative fertility from census data point to a continued reduction in completed Malay...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 626–640.
Published: 01 June 1967
... on order of live birth is that they had a considerably high incidence of nonreports, as high as 16 per- cent, compared to only one percent among orders of pregnancy. In view of the fairly high degree of com- pleteness of registration of births, it was decided to utilize the parity data entered...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (3): 377–395.
Published: 01 August 1974
..., with somewhat larger declines in nonwhite high order births but smaller declines for second and third births. Generally birth rate declines between 1968 and 1971 seemed to continue the pattern of the early and mid 1960's. An exception appears to be the rate for second births with only a small decline for whites...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (3): 467–479.
Published: 01 August 1991
... is studied by using period parity progression ratios. Levels of marriage and motherhood are found to have been high and essentially constant though the late 1980s, suggesting that the decline has been due almost entirely to declines in second and higher order-births. Families with three or more children play...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (3): 1135–1153.
Published: 14 November 2012
... multiple children in stable unions. Multipartner fertility, on the other hand, is positively associated with both disadvantage and advantage: higher-order birth risks with a new partner are more prevalent among men with low as well as high socioeconomic status. An intervening factor among disadvantaged men...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 827–850.
Published: 01 November 2009
... Infant Mortality Child Survival Demographic Health Survey Proximate Determinant High Birth Order References Bhargava A. ( 2003 ). “Family Planning, Gender Differences and Infant Mortality: Evidence From Uttar Pradesh, India.” . Journal of Econometrics , 112 , 225 – 40 . 10.1016...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (1): 43–60.
Published: 01 February 1987
... the effects of variations in gestational length on the relation between birth spacing and child mortality. Then we examine the hypothesis that the increased risks of mortality at high matemal ages, high birth orders, and short birth intervals can be overcome by women who have completed more years of education...
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (2): 227–245.
Published: 01 May 1992
..., and parity progression ratios of lower and higher birth orders in almost every possible combination so as to achieve a relatively young age at final birth. 14 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1992 1992 Birth Order Current Population Survey Birth Interval Subsequent Birth High...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (3): 299–322.
Published: 01 August 1987
... age group, it would be useful to distinguish high birth orders, but there are too few births at older ages and high birth orders to permit this with our methods and data. The results therefore conceal important birth-order differences in risk at older ages. Race and Spanish-surname ethnicity...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (1): 23–41.
Published: 01 February 1987
..., one is less likely to find women eligible for interview (i.e., under 50 years of age at the time of the survey) who achieved high birth orders, say above five, during the decade of the '40s. These cases could include only women who married very young and moved swiftly across parity groups...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (3): 903–931.
Published: 04 January 2013
... in the regression analysis. Related to this, Black et al. ( 2005 ) showed that family size effects on children’s education are mostly driven by birth-order effects. High-birth-order children emerge with lower education, which lowers the average for large families. After we control for birth order in a regression...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (3): 477–488.
Published: 01 August 1993
.... The interaction term is barely significant at the .10 level. Birth-interval effects did not vary significantly with birth order; in contrast, the findings of Miller et al. (992) for Bangladesh showed that short conception intervals affect neonatal mortality only at high birth orders. The factor affecting neonatal...
Image
Published: 01 June 2022
Fig. 5 Estimated partial-cohort LE and disability-free LE across birth cohorts by educational attainment, both sexes combined. The dark shading represents disabled life expectancy (DLE) and the light shading represents disability-free life expectancy (DFLE). The black vertical lines denote More
Image
Published: 01 June 2022
Fig. 6 Estimated partial-cohort LE and morbidity-free LE across birth cohorts by educational attainment, both sexes combined. The dark shading represents life expectancy with chronic morbidities (MLE) and the light shading represents morbidity-free life expectancy (MFLE). The black vertical More
Image
Published: 01 June 2022
Fig. 7 Estimated partial-cohort LE and healthy LE across birth cohorts by educational attainment, both sexes combined. The dark shading represents unhealthy life expectancy (ULE) and the light shading represents healthy life expectancy (HLE), by self-reported health. The black vertical lines More