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Heterogeneity

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Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (1): 1–21.
Published: 01 February 1999
... THE RESULT OF HETEROGENEITY BIAS?* MARK M. Pin, SHAHIDUR R. KHANDKER, SIGNE-MARY MCKERNAN, AND M. ABDUL LATIF Group-based lending programs for the poor have drawn much attention recently. As many ofthese programs target women, an im- portant research question is whether program participation signifi- cantly...
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (1): 31–38.
Published: 01 February 1992
..., for example, all should focus on patterns of recurrent events among interacting populations (that is, multistate populations). Selection arising from heterogeneity will occur, but the consequences for average measures become unpredictable a priori. This paper explores such aspects of the selection effects...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (1): 99–113.
Published: 01 February 1988
...George Kephart Abstract The spatial units of analysis employed in urban and regional research display considerable internal heterogeneity in terms of the social, demographic, and economic variables used to describe them. One implication of this has been overlooked in the literature, namely...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (3): 291–299.
Published: 01 August 1982
...R. B. Davies; R. Crouchley; A. R. Pickles Abstract Migration probabilities are known to vary over the population (heterogeneity) and over time (nonstationarity). It is shown that if the heterogeneity is represented by an SB mixing distribution and the nonstationarity by a set of arbitrary logistic...
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (3): 439–454.
Published: 01 August 1979
...James W. Vaupel; Kenneth G. Manton; Eric Stallard Abstract Life table methods are developed for populations whose members differ in their endowment for longevity. Unlike standard methods, which ignore such heterogeneity, these methods use different calculations to construct cohort, period...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1631–1654.
Published: 01 October 2022
... children are more vulnerable to extreme temperatures in China, Vietnam, and New York City ( Chen et al. 2020 ; Le and Nguyen 2021 ; Liu et al. 2022 ; Ngo and Horton 2016 ). By contrast, one article found no clear heterogeneous effect in Seoul, Korea ( Son et al. 2019 ), another found no differences...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (2): 513–540.
Published: 15 March 2017
... to differentiating the role of the number, types, and sequencing of family transitions that children experience, as well as to understanding potential heterogeneity in these associations by family structure at birth. We use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study and hierarchical linear models...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 295–323.
Published: 24 February 2016
... significant differences between groups remain after adjusting thresholds, I calculate standard errors for the simulated probabilities, largely ignored in previous literature. Accounting for reporting heterogeneity reduces the gender gap in many health domains across the four countries, but to varying degrees...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2075–2102.
Published: 13 November 2014
... expectancy: (1) that people’s socioeconomic characteristics change, and (2) that mortality has decreased over time. Our methodology uncovers substantial heterogeneity in expected longevities, yet much less heterogeneity than what arises from the naive application of life expectancy formulae. We decompose...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 267–290.
Published: 23 February 2011
.... These findings indicate that the SM theory needs to be generalized to incorporate heterogeneity among human populations. 4 1 2011 23 2 2011 © Population Association of America 2011 2011 Strehler-Mildvan theory Ecological system Population heterogeneity Age of expected zero vitality...
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Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1563–1591.
Published: 07 June 2013
... about the origin and mechanisms of sex differences in mortality. We propose a two-mortality model that explains these patterns as the change in the composition of intrinsic and extrinsic death rates with age. We show that the age pattern of overall mortality and the population heterogeneity therein...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2193–2227.
Published: 11 November 2019
... a multidimensional view of heterogeneity that considers whether growing ethnoracial diversity within U.S. communities (i.e., incorporated and unincorporated places) has resulted in the consolidation or differentiation of demographic, sociocultural, and economic distinctions between 1980 and 2010. As communities have...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 03 September 2015
Fig. 1 Reporting heterogeneity and the anchoring vignette method. Populations may differ in how they use subjective categories to describe pain (or other aspects of health), that is, they may demonstrate “reporting heterogeneity” (Bago D’Uva et al. 2011b ; cf. King et al. 2004 ). Here More
Image
Published: 11 November 2019
Fig. 1 Associations between ethnoracial diversity and nonracial heterogeneity in U.S. places, 2010. Data are derived from coefficients reported in Table 5 . All diversity (entropy) scores are in standard deviation units. More
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Published: 11 November 2019
Fig. 2 Change in nonracial heterogeneity for a 10 percentage point change in racial/ethnic population share. Data are derived from coefficients reported in Table 6 . All diversity (entropy) scores are in standard deviation units. More
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (2): 217–230.
Published: 01 May 1981
...Kenneth G. Manton; Eric Stallard Abstract A method of analyzing mortality rates in heterogeneous populations is presented. This method, appropriate for the investigation of mortality rates in small geographic areas (e.g., counties) where the forces of mobility operate to selectively “package...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (3): 389–410.
Published: 01 August 1981
...Kenneth G. Manton; Eric Stallard; James W. Vaupel Abstract Methods are presented which produce Maximum Likelihood Estimates (MLE) of the degree of heterogeneity in individual mortality risks under a variety of assumptions about the age trajectory of those mortality risks. With these estimates...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2147–2168.
Published: 11 November 2019
...Devon Gorry Abstract This study finds heterogeneous effects of teen childbearing on education and labor market outcomes across socioeconomic status and race. Using miscarriages to put bounds on the causal effects of teen childbearing, results show that teen childbearing leads to lower educational...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 863–887.
Published: 07 July 2011
... 7 2011 © Population Association of America 2011 2011 College education Fertility Causality Heterogeneity NLSY Higher education influences women’s career aspirations, labor market involvement and experiences, familial roles, and fertility (Becker 1981 ; Rindfuss et al. 1980...
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Journal Article
Demography 11466677.
Published: 17 July 2024
... disease exposure in milder disease environments. This study estimates heterogeneous effects from disease exposure in infancy on later-life mortality in twentieth-century Sweden, by socioeconomic status at birth and sex. Using historical population data for southern Sweden, we study 11,515 individuals who...
Includes: Supplementary data