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Health inequality

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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 763–784.
Published: 05 March 2019
... source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. A large literature has examined social inequality in trajectories of physical health. Several studies have shown that health gaps between education groups grow with age (Chen et al. 2010 ; Kim 2008 ; Leopold...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 653–674.
Published: 14 April 2011
...Fred C. Pampel; Justin T. Denney Abstract The spread of tobacco use from the West to other parts of the world, especially among disadvantaged socioeconomic groups, raises concerns not only about the indisputable harm to global health but also about worsening health inequality. Arguments relating to...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1935–1956.
Published: 25 September 2018
...Laura Rossouw; Teresa Bago d’Uva; Eddy van Doorslaer Abstract In spite of the wide disparities in wealth and in objective health measures like mortality, observed inequality by wealth in self-reported health appears to be nearly nonexistent in low- to middle-income settings. To determine the extent...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1427–1452.
Published: 15 July 2019
..., Kenzie Lantham, Aashish Gupta, Mark Hayward, Narayan Sastry, and participants at the 2017 annual meeting of the Population Association of America (session on Economic Inequality and Health). This research was supported by Grant P2CHD042849, Population Research Center, awarded to the Population Research...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2097–2117.
Published: 25 September 2018
...Danya Lagos Abstract Looking beyond binary measurements of “male” or “female” can illuminate health inequality patterns that correspond to gender identity rather than biological sex. This study examines disparities in overall health among transgender men, transgender women, gender-nonconforming...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 777–809.
Published: 30 April 2014
...Arline T. Geronimus; John Bound; Annie Ro Abstract Determining whether population dynamics provide competing explanations to place effects for observed geographic patterns of population health is critical for understanding health inequality. We focus on the working-age population—the period of...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 227–251.
Published: 01 May 2001
...; McLaughlin , D.K. ( 1997 ). Inequality in Men’s Mortality: The Socioeconomic Status Gradient and Geographic Context . Journal of Health and Social Behavior , 38 , 313 – 30 . 10.2307/2955428 Hewitt , M. ( 1993 ). Defining ‘Rural’ Areas: Impact on Health Care Policy and Research . In...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 805–825.
Published: 01 November 2009
...Vincent Hildebrand; Philippe Van Kerm Abstract We examine the effect of income inequality on individualś self-rated health status in a pooled sample of 11 countries, using longitudinal data from the European Community Household Panel survey. Taking advantage of the longitudinal and cross-national...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 741–761.
Published: 01 August 2008
.... ( 2004 ). Fundamental Causes of Social Inequalities in Mortality: A Test of the Theory . Journal of Health and Social Behavior , 45 , 265 – 85 . 10.1177/002214650404500303 Preston S.H. , & Haines M.R. ( 1991 ). Fatal Years: Child Mortality in Late Nineteenth-Century America...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 525–552.
Published: 28 February 2012
...Juho Härkönen; Hande Kaymakçalan; Pirjo Mäki; Anja Taanila Abstract In this article, we study the effects of prenatal health on educational attainment and on the reproduction of family background inequalities in education. Using Finnish birth cohort data, we analyze several maternal and fetal...
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (1): 27–43.
Published: 01 February 1983
...Norman L. Weatherby; Charles B. Nam; Larry W. Isaac Abstract We examine mortality at ages 50 and above in female populations of 38 countries and control for variation in quality of the mortality data. We find that economic development, economic distributional inequality, and basic primary health...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1693–1721.
Published: 06 August 2019
...—interventions that bypass individuals’ unequal access and ability to employ flexible resources to avoid health hazards—have an effect on educational inequalities in health behaviors. We test theoretically informed but competing hypotheses that these policies either amplify or attenuate the association between...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (1): 77–91.
Published: 01 February 1999
... Life Racial Inequality Chronic Health Problem Disability Prevalence References Berkman , L. , Singer , B. , & Manton , K. ( 1989 ). Black/White Differences in Health Status and Mortality Among the Elderly . Demography , 26 , 661 – 78 . 10.2307/2061264...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 645–663.
Published: 05 March 2019
... thus provides an opportunity to generate evidence on a unique question—How do population health and health inequality change when the prevalence of one of the leading causes of death is cut in half? In this article, we estimate the impact of the decline in homicide mortality on life expectancy at birth...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (3): 777–800.
Published: 01 August 2010
...., Guo and Harris 2000; Todd and Wolpin 2006; Yeung, Linver, and *Narayan Sastry, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48106; e-mail: nsastry@isr.umich.edu. Anne R. Pebley, UCLA School of Public Health. This research was supported by Grant R01HD41486...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2025–2041.
Published: 10 October 2017
...Monica Alexander; Emilio Zagheni; Magali Barbieri Abstract Reliable subnational mortality estimates are essential in the study of health inequalities within a country. One of the difficulties in producing such estimates is the presence of small populations among which the stochastic variation in...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (4): 587–615.
Published: 01 November 2006
...Alberto Palloni Abstract In this article, I argue that research on social stratification, on intergenerational transmission of inequalities, and on the theory of factor payments and wage determination will be strengthened by studying the role played by early childhood health. I show that the...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (5): 1631–1656.
Published: 16 August 2016
...Sean A. P. Clouston; Marcie S. Rubin; Jo C. Phelan; Bruce G. Link Abstract Fundamental cause theory posits that social inequalities in health arise because of unequal access to flexible resources, including knowledge, money, power, prestige, and beneficial social connections, which allow people to...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2125–2158.
Published: 21 November 2017
.... Disadvantage accumulates over the life course to predict worse cognitive function, providing strong evidence for a cumulative inequality model. 10 10 2017 21 11 2017 The entire life course is essential for understanding health disparities (Corna 2013 ; Crosnoe and Elder 2004 ; Kaplan et...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (3): 509–528.
Published: 01 August 2004
... also address gender inequities before puberty and outside the realm of pregnancy. Reductions in pregnancy-related dropouts complement but do not replace efforts to reduce gender discrimination in schooling. Recent data from Demographic and Health Surveys should make it possible to extend this analysis...