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Health inequalities

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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 763–784.
Published: 05 March 2019
... regarded as support for the cumulative (dis)advantage hypothesis, whereas education gaps that narrowed with age have been regarded as support for the age-as-leveler hypothesis. Pioneering research on education inequality in health trajectories has produced mixed findings and fueled an intense debate...
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Demography (2011) 48 (2): 653–674.
Published: 14 April 2011
...Fred C. Pampel; Justin T. Denney Abstract The spread of tobacco use from the West to other parts of the world, especially among disadvantaged socioeconomic groups, raises concerns not only about the indisputable harm to global health but also about worsening health inequality. Arguments relating...
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Demography (2023) 60 (3): 675–705.
Published: 01 June 2023
...Tyson H. Brown; Taylor W. Hargrove; Patricia Homan; Daniel E. Adkins Abstract Racism drives population health inequities by shaping the unequal distribution of key social determinants of health, such as socioeconomic resources and exposure to stressors. Research on interrelationships among race...
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Demography (2006) 43 (4): 587–615.
Published: 01 November 2006
...Alberto Palloni Abstract In this article, I argue that research on social stratification, on intergenerational transmission of inequalities, and on the theory of factor payments and wage determination will be strengthened by studying the role played by early childhood health. I show...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 805–825.
Published: 01 November 2009
...Vincent Hildebrand; Philippe Van Kerm Abstract We examine the effect of income inequality on individualś self-rated health status in a pooled sample of 11 countries, using longitudinal data from the European Community Household Panel survey. Taking advantage of the longitudinal and cross-national...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 741–761.
Published: 01 August 2008
... 761 741 A TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND INEQUALITY IN HEALTH* SHERRY GLIED AND ADRIANA LLERAS-MUNEY The effect of education on health has been increasing over the past several decades. We hypoth- esize that this increasing disparity is related to health-related technical progress: more-educated people...
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (1): 27–43.
Published: 01 February 1983
...Norman L. Weatherby; Charles B. Nam; Larry W. Isaac Abstract We examine mortality at ages 50 and above in female populations of 38 countries and control for variation in quality of the mortality data. We find that economic development, economic distributional inequality, and basic primary health...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 1005–1029.
Published: 01 August 2023
... a child falls ill and demonstrating the effects of child health on gender inequality in two-parent households. Copyright © 2023 The Authors 2023 This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Childhood cancer Household division...
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Demography (2012) 49 (2): 525–552.
Published: 28 February 2012
...Juho Härkönen; Hande Kaymakçalan; Pirjo Mäki; Anja Taanila Abstract In this article, we study the effects of prenatal health on educational attainment and on the reproduction of family background inequalities in education. Using Finnish birth cohort data, we analyze several maternal and fetal...
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (3): 665–686.
Published: 01 June 2024
... in research on immigrant health. Corresponding author: loi@demogr.mpg.de Copyright © 2024 The Authors 2024 Migrant health Inequality Intersectionality Adverse life events Although immigrants are usually in good health when they arrive in the receiving countries owing to health...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1935–1956.
Published: 25 September 2018
...Laura Rossouw; Teresa Bago d’Uva; Eddy van Doorslaer Abstract In spite of the wide disparities in wealth and in objective health measures like mortality, observed inequality by wealth in self-reported health appears to be nearly nonexistent in low- to middle-income settings. To determine the extent...
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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 1115–1137.
Published: 01 August 2023
.... , & Sonnega A. ( 2015 ). Prolonged working years: Consequences and directions for interventions . In Vuori J. , Blonk R. , & Price R. H. (Eds.), Sustainable working lives: Managing work transitions and health throughout the life course (pp. 269 – 288 ). Dordrecht...
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Demography (2023) 60 (5): 1441–1468.
Published: 01 October 2023
..., and Latinx have garnered attention in population health research. Several studies have argued that educational attainment inequalities across these racial and ethnic subpopulations are responsible for a sizable portion of the racial and ethnic disparities in these health domains ( Fuller-Thomson et al. 2009...
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Demography (2023) 60 (5): 1523–1547.
Published: 01 October 2023
..., scholars specifically interested in genetic influences should not try to reinvent the wheel in addressing educational attainment, or other phenotypes related to demographic events, socioeconomic attainment, or inequalities in health. Instead, implementing theoretical and methodological insights refined...
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Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1689–1698.
Published: 01 December 2023
... method for forecasting mortality . International Journal of Forecasting , 39 , 1033 – 1049 . Brunner B. , & Kuhn A. ( 2011 ). Financial incentives, the timing of births, birth complications, and newborns' health: Evidence from the abolition of Austria's baby bonus (Working Paper...
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Demography (2023) 60 (2): 431–459.
Published: 01 April 2023
... as captured by job-related outcomes. We also delve into and control for possible mediating factors. Exploring the links between several dimensions of childhood health and multiple health-related life course outcomes will enable a better understanding of how health inequalities originate and are shaped over...
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Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2097–2117.
Published: 25 September 2018
...Danya Lagos Abstract Looking beyond binary measurements of “male” or “female” can illuminate health inequality patterns that correspond to gender identity rather than biological sex. This study examines disparities in overall health among transgender men, transgender women, gender-nonconforming...
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Demography (2014) 51 (3): 777–809.
Published: 30 April 2014
...Arline T. Geronimus; John Bound; Annie Ro Abstract Determining whether population dynamics provide competing explanations to place effects for observed geographic patterns of population health is critical for understanding health inequality. We focus on the working-age population—the period...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (2): 629–652.
Published: 01 April 2022
... and health care in recent decades, our findings suggest that dramatic health inequalities among older adults remain. Our findings extend the literature on the effect of socioeconomic patterns across the life course on gradients in later-life health and highlight continuing disparities in healthy longevity...
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Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1953–1979.
Published: 01 October 2022
...Martin Eiermann; Elizabeth Wrigley-Field; James J. Feigenbaum; Jonas Helgertz; Elaine Hernandez; Courtney E. Boen Abstract Against a backdrop of extreme racial health inequality, the 1918 influenza pandemic resulted in a striking reduction of non-White to White influenza and pneumonia mortality...
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