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Hazard Curve

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Published: 01 November 2017
Fig. 3 Nonparametric estimated hazard curves from NHIS data More
Image
Published: 01 November 2017
Fig. 4 Plots of the estimated hazard curves for three models, white men in the NLS-OM SSA match. The dashed-dot lines represent 95 % confidence intervals More
Image
Published: 01 November 2017
Fig. 2 Nonparametric estimated hazard curves for NLS-OM data matches. Panel a uses SSA12 data, and panel b uses VS08 data More
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2001–2024.
Published: 01 November 2017
...Fig. 3 Nonparametric estimated hazard curves from NHIS data ...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 1097–1118.
Published: 10 April 2017
... improvements. Hazard curves summarize the relationship of mortality with age at the population level. All human populations display both an exponential decrease in mortality with age immediately after birth and an exponential increase in mortality with age in adulthood. In high-longevity populations...
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Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (3): 559–574.
Published: 01 August 2005
... with potential partners. Substantial individual variation must be included in the models to account for the demographically observed ageat-marriage patterns. 15 2 2011 © Population Association of America 2005 2005 Potential Partner Marriage Market Aspiration Level Hazard Curve Adolescence...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (4): 1345–1356.
Published: 03 July 2014
... was most apparent for children born to white or Hispanic mothers (Figs.  1a–c ), with relatively high hazards of maternal marriage in the first few years post-birth. Children born to black mothers had substantially flatter hazard curves than other children. Children born to white and Hispanic mothers had...
FIGURES
Image
Published: 10 April 2017
Fig. 3 Smoothed trajectories of the mortality hazards for female (left) and male (right) cohorts in Sweden, 1755–1920. Each curve represents hazards averaged across 15 birth cohorts More
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (1): 141–164.
Published: 01 February 2006
... are presented in Table 2 and 3 for Figure 1. Smoothed Age-Specifi c Hazard Curves, Women Source: National Institutes of Health Established Populations for Epidemiological Studies of the Elderly (EPESE). .00 .10 .20 .30 .40 67 72 77 82 87 92 97 Age O dd s o f D yi ng Black White Religious Attendance...
Image
Published: 14 January 2015
Fig. 2 Unadjusted survival curves for children from unwanted and wanted pregnancies in Matlab, 1990–2000. Hazard ratio is 0.997, with standard error of 0.124 More
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 137–163.
Published: 01 February 2021
.... Testing samples are used for prediction. IBS = integrated Brier score. Cox-PH 2way = Cox proportional hazard two-way interaction model. Cox-PH 2way select = Cox proportional hazard two-way interaction selected model. Panel a in each of the remaining figures illustrates the predicted survival curves...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (4): 615–622.
Published: 01 November 1987
... . 10.2307/2061237 Nagnur , D. ( 1986 ). Rectangularization of the survival curve and entropy-The Canadian experience, 1921–1981 . Canadian Studies in Population , 13 , 83 – 102 . Prentice , R. L. , & Kalbfleisch , J. P. ( 1979 ). Hazard rate models with covariates...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (2): 181–200.
Published: 01 May 1981
... ative risk are less dramatic than those dis- cussed previously. In Figure 2 are plotted the curves re- sulting from the greatest differentials (positive and negative) for whites and blacks, the reference curve and its coun- terpart for blacks. There the well-known fact that large differences in hazard...
Image
Published: 10 April 2017
a better fit for the hazard, but the MLE provides a better fit for the survival curve More
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 521–544.
Published: 18 November 2012
... strategy than not correcting at all. These simulation results suggest that the proposed adjustment procedure is effective under the conditions used to simulate the data. However, the adjusted estimates are obtained using the true incidence curve to calculate the lower bounds of the integrated hazards...
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Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (1): 79–95.
Published: 01 February 2001
... of age is multiplied by a gamma-distributed frailty term for the indi- vidual, implying that the alpha coefficient or baseline haz- ard represents frailty. These models assume that individual hazards are exponential, whereas the aggregate mortality curve is logistic. More complex models have extended...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 277–287.
Published: 01 May 1988
... leveloffrailty. Byinterpreting frailty as a relative risk in a proportional-hazard model, longevity as a duration or waiting time, and inheritance as an invariance in relative risk over time, one can extend this result to repeatable events involving fertility, migration, marriage, unemployment, and so forth...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (1): 83–103.
Published: 01 February 2003
... is the assumption of proportional hazards. Constraining the relationship between educational attainment and the risk of marriage to be proportional precludes an assessment of whether higher education is associated primarily with delayed marriage or with a higher likeli- hood of never marrying. The negative...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1519–1540.
Published: 01 July 2019
... and nongraduates in 2013 was greater than it was in 1988. Figure 3 shows the hazards of mortality and union dissolution that result in a reduced parental safety net for respondents by education groups and cohorts. These values standardize the age distribution of respondents but not the parents. Therefore...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 327–342.
Published: 01 February 2023
... et al. 2021 ; Wilmoth and Horiuchi 1999 ). Popular sayings like “age 75 is the new 65” reflect the change in the relationship between mortality and the age variable ( Burger et. al. 2012 ). Mortality postponement can be observed through changes in demographic indicators such as the mortality hazard...
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Includes: Supplementary data