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Gini Index

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Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (2): 251–262.
Published: 01 May 1997
... in the patterns of interregional migration and can help give insight into the population redistributive roles played by specific regions. Perhaps the most common equality index used to measure income distribution is the Gini coefficient, yet it appears almost never to have been applied in migration research...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 527–550.
Published: 01 April 2021
...-based idea, I combine a reweighting method ( DiNardo et al. 1996 ) with the iGini measure proposed by Liao (2019) , which decomposes the Gini index into an additive sum of each individual unit's contribution to the overall inequality. I extend this approach to the squared coefficient of variation (CV2...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (4): 615–622.
Published: 01 November 1987
...Ralph Hakkert 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1987 1987 Life Table Generalize Entropy Gini Index Inequality Measure Accelerate Failure Time Model References Allison , P. ( 1978 ). Measures of inequality . American Sociological Review , 43...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 211–239.
Published: 26 February 2011
.... To identify relationship between life expectancy losses and economic inequality, we use a matrix of observations of values of e † and the Gini index of income inequality by country and year. The cross-sectional time series regression is performed on a set of 17 countries for which it was possible...
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Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 505–508.
Published: 01 November 1998
... © Population Association of America 1998 1998 Gini Coefficient Occupational Group Summary Index Gender Segregation Occupational Segregation References Cortesem , C.F. , Frank , R.F. , & Cohen , J. ( 1976 ). Further Considerations on the Methodological Analysis...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (1): 139–164.
Published: 18 December 2015
..., the first year for which we have adequate census data for Hispanics. Our findings are based on a standard measure of inequality, the Gini index. Because the trends we uncover have gone largely unnoticed—and in some instances are contrary to conventional wisdom—we focus first on describing the contours...
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Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (2): 251–256.
Published: 01 May 1981
... in which random segregation rather than complete desegregation is used as the baseline. 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1981 1981 Social Group Gini Index American Sociological Review Residential Segregation Dissimilarity Index EDITOR'S NOTE: This article...
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (1): 27–43.
Published: 01 February 1983
.... Our results are interpreted in terms of their relevance for mortality research, theory, and policy. 3 3 2011 © Population Association of America 1983 1983 Primary Health Care Income Inequality Mortality Data Gini Index Gross National Product References Adelman Irma...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 867–887.
Published: 26 May 2012
... over other measures of inequality, such as the Gini index, is that the Theil index decomposes into between-group and within-group components: (2) Here groups are indexed by j , is mean household income in group j , p j is the proportion of households in the j th group...
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Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (3): 379–405.
Published: 01 August 1995
... on the Calculation and Interpretation of the Gini Index . Economic Letters , 15 ( 3–4 ), 363 – 68 . 10.1016/0165-1765(84)90126-5 Lazear E. , & Michael R. ( 1985 ). Income Inequality Effects by Income Source: A New Approach and Applications to the United States . Review of Economics...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (3): 353–370.
Published: 01 August 1972
... the median income of families by color, the ratio of median incomes, and two other measures of the similarity or equality of income distributions, delta and the Gini index. The ratio of median incomes is shown as dollars of Negro or nonwhite income per $100 of white in- come. Delta, or the index of dissimi...
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (2): 173–184.
Published: 01 May 1999
... the total income of married couples who typi- 7. For the distribution among all families, we usc decomposition Eq. (2) for the cv. Simulating a 5% decline yields the same results for the Gini index, the mean log-deviation, and the variance of the logarithm. For a more complete discussion, see Cancian...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1615–1640.
Published: 17 September 2013
... (Anand et al. 2001 ; Asada 2007 ; Gakidou et al. 2000 ). This has rarely been done; a notable exception to this is the WHO attempt to quantify inequality among individuals as part of World Health Report 2000, using an index similar to a Gini coefficient, modified by expert opinion (Gakidou et al...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (1): 149–159.
Published: 01 February 1989
... , 381 – 388 . 10.2307/1926067 Gastwirth , J. ( 1972 ). The estimation of the Lorenz curve and Gini index . Review of Economics and Statistics , 54 , 306 – 316 . 10.2307/1937992 Gupta , M. ( 1984 ). Functional form for estimating the Lorenz curve . Econometrica , 52...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 351–364.
Published: 01 August 2000
... the potential to have large effects. Unlike the more commonly used dissimilarity index (Taeuber and Taeuber 1965) and the Gini index, H can be decomposed unambiguously into between- and within-district components, a property that allows the type of analysis de- scribed above.7 In a system made up of k districts...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1051–1084.
Published: 08 July 2016
... and Bischoff 2011 ). France has lower income inequality than the United States (Atkinson et al. 2011 ). The Gini index of household income inequality for the Paris Region, for instance, is .423; for the New York City metropolitan area, it is .502 (INSEE-DGFiP 2009 ; U.S. Census Bureau 2011...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2129–2160.
Published: 16 October 2018
... 2011 ; Reardon and Firebaugh 2002 ). Commonly used measures differ in how they quantify variation: for example, the Neighborhood Sorting Index (NSI) uses the variance of income (Jargowsky 1996 ); the rank-order information theory index ( H R ) uses a measure of the entropy of income ranks...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 805–825.
Published: 01 November 2009
... to estimate ve measures of regional income inequality: the Gini coef cient, two generalized entropy measures (the Theil index and the mean log deviation), the coef cient of variation, and the ratio of the 90th to the 10th 5. From 1994 to 1996, the ECHP ran parallel to existing similar panel surveys...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (3): 443–464.
Published: 01 August 2004
..., whereas the concentration index is the bivariate analog of the Gini index. For the Lorenz curve and Gini index, the same variable appears on both the x-axis and the y-axis. Socioeconomic Inequalities in Mortality 451 estimates and those based on vital statistics (see Figure 1) both suggest...
Journal Article
Demography 9463660.
Published: 03 September 2021
... searching, retired). Income is mea­sured as the log transf­orm­ a­tion (comm­ only used on skewed dis­tri­bu­tions such as income dist­ri­bu­tions) of the sum of taxa­ ble income of the fami­ly head, partn­ er, and 13 The five-year 2006 2010 Gini index for the United States as a whole is 0.467, and county...
Includes: Supplementary data