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Gini Coefficient

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Published: 24 August 2020
Fig. 1 Percentage increase in Gini coefficient, p90–p50 ratio, and p50–p10 ratio from 1967 to 2015. Authors’ calculations from CPS ASEC data. More
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Published: 07 May 2018
Fig. 3 Gini coefficients, by household type, 1989–2013 More
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (2): 251–262.
Published: 01 May 1997
... in the patterns of interregional migration and can help give insight into the population redistributive roles played by specific regions. Perhaps the most common equality index used to measure income distribution is the Gini coefficient, yet it appears almost never to have been applied in migration research...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 365–380.
Published: 01 August 2000
...Albert Chevan; Randall Stokes Abstract Industrial restructuring and changing population composition frequently have been treated as competing explanations of growing U.S. income inequality. Using the Gini coefficient, we employ a model of conditional change to explore the relative effects of each...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (3): 777–800.
Published: 01 August 2010
...Narayan Sastry; Anne R. Pebley Abstract We examined family and neighborhood sources of socioeconomic inequality in children’s reading and mathematics achievement using data from the 2000–2001 Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey. To describe inequality in achievement scores, we used Gini...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1615–1640.
Published: 17 September 2013
...Alyson A. van Raalte; Hal Caswell Abstract A number of indices exist to calculate lifespan variation, each with different underlying properties. Here, we present new formulae for the response of seven of these indices to changes in the underlying mortality schedule (life disparity, Gini coefficient...
FIGURES | View All (9)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1833–1851.
Published: 24 August 2020
...Fig. 1 Percentage increase in Gini coefficient, p90–p50 ratio, and p50–p10 ratio from 1967 to 2015. Authors’ calculations from CPS ASEC data. ...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (3): 379–405.
Published: 01 August 1995
... income inequality as measured by the Gini coefficient grew almost without interruption after the late 1960s, reaching a postwar peak in 1992 (Bureau of the Census 1993: B-13). Rising inequality combined with slow growth in median income has pushed a growing percentage of American families into poverty...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (3): 363–373.
Published: 01 August 2001
..., primarily by changing the composition of the population. 14 1 2011 © Population Association of America 2001 2001 Gini Coefficient High School Diploma Recent Immigration Wage Inequality Annual Earning References Altonji , J. , & Card , D. ( 1991 ). The Effects...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (1): 155–158.
Published: 01 February 1988
... in poverty [e.g., per capita gross national product (GNP), the Gini coefficient, and the unemployment rate], they are likely to leave much of poverty unmeasured. What is more important for the issue of infant mortality, they leave much of poverty births unmeasured. The Gini coefficient is a measure...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 877–899.
Published: 24 April 2018
... (0.53) (0.02) (0.14) (0.14) P50/P10 0.746 0.361 –0.005 0.535 –0.049 (0.48) (–0.01) (0.72) (–0.07) Gini Coefficient 0.077 0.046 –0.000 0.021 0.007 (0.59) (–0.00) (0.27) (0.08) Theil’s Coefficient 0.096 0.060 –0.002 0.026 0.009 (0.63) (–0.02) (0.27) (0.09...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2041–2063.
Published: 01 December 2021
... Gini coefficients are lower because this artificially restricts variation. 11 Results remain similar even when substantially more conservative (lower) top bounds are imputed. 10 Linear interpolation is appropriate given the clear secular trend in inequality over this period...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 505–508.
Published: 01 November 1998
... © Population Association of America 1998 1998 Gini Coefficient Occupational Group Summary Index Gender Segregation Occupational Segregation References Cortesem , C.F. , Frank , R.F. , & Cohen , J. ( 1976 ). Further Considerations on the Methodological Analysis...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (4): 525–542.
Published: 01 November 1986
... use the Gini coefficient. A problem, however, is that data on income distribution are available for only one year, circa 1968. It is necessary to assume that this value is constant over the time span studied." Along with income inequality, it is desirable to measure in some way the size of minority...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1009–1032.
Published: 07 May 2018
...Fig. 3 Gini coefficients, by household type, 1989–2013 ...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (1): 139–164.
Published: 18 December 2015
... and deteriorated faster for whites than for Hispanics and Asians. When did those gains occur? Figure 4 displays population-weighted average Gini coefficients for black-white, Hispanic-white, and Asian-white neighborhood inequality within American metropolitan areas in 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2010. 5 Figure 4...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 211–239.
Published: 26 February 2011
... S 10 , interindividual diversity in age at death has been measured by the interquartile range (IQR; Wilmoth and Horiuchi 1999 ), the Gini coefficient and likely measures of relative inequality (Anand et al. 2001 ; Gakidou et al. 2003 ; Shkolnikov et al. 2003 ; Smits and Monden 2009...
FIGURES | View All (8)
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1033–1068.
Published: 27 March 2018
... the best empirical fit (discussed further below; see also Online Resource 1, section 6). 13 Additional analyses reported in Online Resource 1, section 5, reveal that the Gini coefficient of nonhousing net worth (net worth excluding home equity) followed a similarly sharp increase, now reaching...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1547–1565.
Published: 03 July 2018
.... To evaluate whether historical inequality accounts for the effect of slavery and whether it directly shapes present-day patterns of mobility, I construct a Gini coefficient of the farm size distribution using a procedure similar to that used by Nunn ( 2008b ) with data from the 1860 census. In a subsample...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 999–1021.
Published: 03 April 2019
... tracks the annual Gini coefficient for each racial and ethnic group. Three main findings can be taken from this figure. First, within-group inequality varies by race and ethnicity. The most unequal groups (those with the highest Gini coefficients) are whites, Asians, and the Other group. The Hispanic...
FIGURES | View All (7)
Includes: Supplementary data