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Genetics

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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1517–1533.
Published: 16 August 2011
... then show that genetic factors for smoking desistance increase in importance following restrictive legislation on smoking behaviors that occurred in the early and mid-1970s. These findings support the social push perspective and make important contributions to the social demography and genetic...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (1): 141–172.
Published: 10 September 2013
...Guang Guo; Yilan Fu; Hedwig Lee; Tianji Cai; Kathleen Mullan Harris; Yi Li Abstract Self-reported race is generally considered the basis for racial classification in social surveys, including the U.S. census. Drawing on recent advances in human molecular genetics and social science perspectives of...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (4): 1399–1420.
Published: 24 January 2013
...Jessica Nisén; Pekka Martikainen; Jaakko Kaprio; Karri Silventoinen Abstract Despite the large body of research on educational differences in fertility, how genetic and environmental influences may contribute to educational differences in completed fertility is not well understood. This study...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2333–2336.
Published: 31 October 2014
...Reanne Frank Abstract In an article in the February 2014 issue of Demography , Guo et al. claimed that their research “establishes geographic genetic bio-ancestry as a component of racial classification” (p. 141). In doing so, they argued that their work has “a larger theoretical significance on...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2337–2342.
Published: 25 November 2014
... U.S. social surveys. The general concept of racial identify is a much more complex subject involving many more historical, cultural, political, social, and ancestral factors than we address here. To be sure, a long history of work has attempted to link race to genetics in order to justify racial...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 285–298.
Published: 01 August 2000
...Edwin J.C.G. van den Oord; David C. Rowe Abstract In the United States the gap between black and white babies’ birth weights has remained largely unexplained. Rather than trying to measure all relevant variables, we used a genetically informative design to study the relative importance of genetic...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 573–576.
Published: 01 November 2001
... fail to explain the gap in birth weight; empirical findings suggest their involvement. Although maternal effects can be environmental, as illustrated by recent findings, genetic effects could be important as well because gene frequencies are known to differ across the “racial” groups as studied by...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (1): 29–42.
Published: 01 February 2001
...Joseph Lee Rodgers; Hans-Peter Kohler; Kirsten Ohm Kyvik; Kaare Christensen Abstract Behavior genetic designs and analyses can be used to address issues of central importance to demography. We use this methodology to document genetic influence on human fertility. Our data come from Danish twin...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 785–810.
Published: 01 June 2021
...Sasha Shen Johfre; Aliya Saperstein; Jill A. Hollenbach Abstract Will the rise of genetic ancestry tests (GATs) change how Americans respond to questions about race and ancestry on censuses and surveys? To provide an answer, we draw on a unique study of more than 100,000 U.S. adults that inquired...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (1): 119–139.
Published: 27 November 2013
... difficulty of framing genome-wide results using the existing gene-environment interaction typology. We argue that SNP-environment interactions across the human genome are not likely to provide consistent evidence regarding genetic influences on health that differ by environment. Nevertheless, genome-wide...
Journal Article
Demography 9373608.
Published: 12 July 2021
... role of genetic factors in explaining variation in family transitions and events across the life course. We estimate the genetic contribution to sequence complexity and a wide range of family demographic behaviors using genomic relatedness–based, restricted maximum likelihood models with data from the...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (2): 393–414.
Published: 01 May 2010
...Warren B. Miller; David E. Bard; David J. Pasta; Joseph Lee Rodgers Abstract In spite of long-held beliefs that traits related to reproductive success tend to become fixed by evolution with little or no genetic variation, there is now considerable evidence that the natural variation of fertility...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 563–567.
Published: 01 November 2001
...Reanne Frank Abstract In an article in the August 2000 issue of Demography titled “Racial Differences in Birth Health Risk: A Quantitative Genetic Approach,” van den Oord and Rowe attempted to study the genetic and environmental factors contributing to the black/white gap in infant birth weight...
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Published: 16 August 2011
Fig. 1 Yearly changes in the genetic influences on smoking desistance. Estimates are derived from Table  4 . See the text for a full description of the methods used to calculate the parameter estimates More
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Published: 09 January 2017
Fig. 3 Correlated factor model depicting standardized estimate of genetic ( A ) and shared environmental (C) influences on education and age at first birth, the correlation of these influences across traits, and a causal effect of education on the age at first birth. Source : TwinsUK, own More
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Published: 01 June 2021
Fig. 1 Percentage point differences in race reporting for genetic ancestry test (GAT) takers versus non-GAT takers in race before ancestry and unprimed survey condition. In this experimental condition, respondents first identified their race, then reported their ancestry, and only then were More
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 569–571.
Published: 01 November 2001
... Oord and David C. Rowe’s article, “Racial Differences in Birth Health Risk: A Quantitative Genetic Approach,” published in the August 2000 issue of Demography, is part of this effort. These authors use race as a proxy for genetic variation, which subverts even the most positive attempts to understand...
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 31–48.
Published: 01 February 1997
... methods of quantitative genetics and genetic epidemiology. It allows us to analyze the genetic structure of frailty in the Cox-type hazard model with random effects. We demonstrate the implementation of this strategy to survival data on Danish twins. We then evaluate the resulting lower bounds for...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 291–314.
Published: 14 January 2012
... mechanisms through which it operates—genetic, biological, or social—remain unclear. Recent research in China has suggested that living with children is not necessarily the most advantageous arrangement for late-life functioning (Li et al. 2009 ), which would argue against the social mechanism. The fact that...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (6): 2051–2052.
Published: 05 October 2015