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Functional Health

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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2043–2071.
Published: 03 November 2017
... and a cohort dynamic approach to compare functional health trajectories across 12 high-income countries and to examine the role of life course processes and cohort dynamics in contributing to variation in those trajectories. We find substantial international variation in functional health trajectories...
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Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 159–170.
Published: 01 February 1997
...James P. Smith; Raynard Kington Abstract In this paper we examine disparities in the ability to function among older Americans. We place special emphasis on two goals: (I) understanding the quantitatively large socioeconomic status-health gradient, and (2) the persistence in health outcomes over...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 951–974.
Published: 01 June 2021
... increased risk of poor health and illness in childhood, as well as adult cardiometabolic conditions and poor functional health. Conversely, cohorts born before the war experienced more indirect pathways consistent with cumulative disadvantage processes and institutional breakdown. These pathways include...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 227–251.
Published: 01 May 2001
...Arline T. Geronimus; John Bound; Timothy A. Waidmann; Cynthia G. Colen; Dianne Steffick Abstract We calculated population-level estimates of mortality, functional health, and active life expectancy for black and white adults living in a diverse set of 23 local areas in 1990, and nationwide. At age...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 337–364.
Published: 02 March 2016
...Nicholas J. Bishop; Natalie D. Eggum-Wilkens; Steven A. Haas; Jennie J. Kronenfeld Abstract This study examines the co-development of cognitive and physical function in older Americans using an age-heterogeneous sample drawn from the Health and Retirement Study (1998–2008). We used multiple-group...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (3): 361–375.
Published: 01 August 1998
... of education on changes in physical functioning in a rapidly developing country. Data come from the 1989 Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan and a follow-up interview in 1993 (N = 4,049, age = 60+). Individuals are conceptualized to be in a state of functional independence or functional...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1729–1753.
Published: 12 September 2014
... of cumulative disadvantage theory. First, the functional form of the different health trajectories are invariant for whites and blacks, suggesting more racial similarly in the developmental process than anticipated by the race-based version of the theory. The extent of the racial disparity in the prevalences...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (2): 413–435.
Published: 27 November 2013
...Jennifer Karas Montez; Mark D. Hayward Abstract Studies of the early-life origins of adult physical functioning and mortality have found that childhood health and socioeconomic context are important predictors, often irrespective of adult experiences. However, these studies have generally assessed...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (1): 29–45.
Published: 01 February 1995
... 1995 Ordinary Little Square Travel Time Functional Health Temporal Distance Elderly Migration References Aquilino W.S. , & Supple K.R. ( 1991 ). Parent-Child Relations and Parent’s Satisfaction with Living Arrangements When Adult Children Live at Home . Journal...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 901–927.
Published: 21 May 2018
..., for example, are almost equally healthy in their 20s. In middle and later stages of the life course, differences in functional limitations and chronic conditions that are attributable to smoking gradually unfold. The same applies to other health-related factors that are structured along educational lines...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 529–558.
Published: 25 March 2020
... respiratory function later in life (Bartley et al. 2012 ). Using information collected at age 0, 7, 11, and 16, we were able to take account of early-life health and socioeconomic background. 3 We considered social class at birth, based on father’s occupation: manual (skilled manual, partly skilled...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (2): 461–492.
Published: 01 April 2023
.... Living with adult children was associated with higher depressive symptoms among White parents, and mental health was negatively related to living with adult children who were not working or were helping parents with functional limitations. The findings highlight increasing diversity among adult child...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 699–724.
Published: 20 April 2011
... of self-reports of functional limitations, which was the most reliable somatic health indicator. As expected, results showed that women had worse health than men and that socioeconomic advantage is associated with better somatic health. 17 3 2011 20 4 2011 © Population Association...
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Published: 10 October 2017
Fig. 2 Life table survivor functions by education and gender, 2008–2011. Source: Own calculations based on the Health and Retirement Study, years 1992–2012 More
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 159–175.
Published: 01 February 1994
... : Greenwood . Crimmins E. M. , & Saito Y. ( 1993 ). Getting Better and Getting Worse: Transitions in Functional Status among Older Americans . Journal of Aging and Health , 5 , 3 – 36 . 10.1177/089826439300500101 Crimmins E. M. , Saito Y. , & Hayward M. D...
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (4): 445–460.
Published: 01 November 1999
... the 1995 Aging, Status, and the Sense of Control Survey, a representative U.S. national telephone survey of 2,593 respondents aged 18 to 95, with an oversample of elderly. Results show that physical functioning and perceived health increase significantly with years of formal education and with college...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (3): 731–760.
Published: 01 June 2023
... minority statuses are associated with poor/fair self-rated health, functional limitations, and diagnosed depression. Regression models adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics show marked physical and mental health disparities: people who are both gender and sexual minorities report greater odds...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 01 February 2021
Fig. 4 Predicted survival probabilities and decomposition in Bangladesh. Testing samples are used for prediction. The counterfactual survival function is based on the health production function in the 2010s and covariates in the 1990s. ANC = antenatal care; TT = tetanus toxoid; pub.inst More
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Published: 01 February 2021
Fig. 5 Predicted survival probabilities and decomposition in India. Testing samples are used for prediction. The counterfactual survival function is based on the health production function in the 2010s and covariates in the 1990s. ANC = antenatal care; TT = tetanus toxoid; pub.inst. = public More
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Published: 01 February 2021
Fig. 6 Predicted survival probabilities and decomposition in Indonesia. Testing samples are used for prediction. The counterfactual survival function is based on the health production function in the 2010s and covariates in the 1990s. ANC = antenatal care; TT = tetanus toxoid; pub.inst. = public More