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Fourth Parity

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Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (1): 65–78.
Published: 01 February 1982
... in 1962 either had just given birth to a first, second, or fourth child or had just been married. Although economic reasons frequently were cited in 1977 for downward revisions in family size goals, husband’s income was not positively related to fertility in three of the four parity groups. For the merged...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (4): 587–611.
Published: 01 November 1974
... interview and three follow-up interviews (largely done by telephone) were taken with a probabil- ity sample of 1,304 white, married women at selected childbearing stages, specifically zero, first, second and fourth parities. All women pregnant at the fourth interview were reinterviewed at pregnancy...
Journal Article
Demography (1980) 17 (4): 365–378.
Published: 01 November 1980
... the fourth and fifth interviews. These changes are reflected in the fact that for this sample of women mean final parity in 1977 (Ps = 3.65) was less than mean ex- pected parity in 1966 (E. = 3.76) which, in tum, was less than E. (3.88) (see Table 1). Although the expectations and behav- ior of all four...
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (3): 353–367.
Published: 01 August 1983
... the decision to have (or not have) a third child increasingly important. 7 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1983 1983 Parity Woman Additional Child Fertility Intention Fourth Parity Previous Child References Bumpass L. L. , & Westoff C. F. ( 1970...
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (4): 523–534.
Published: 01 November 1979
... in 1962 and subsequently in- terviewed, mainly by telephone, in four follow-up studies between 1963 and 1977. The initial sample consisted of 1,304 white, married women at zero, first; sec- ond, and fourth parities. Thus we have a wide range of family formation stages against which to test the usefulness...
Journal Article
Demography (1965) 2 (1): 250–275.
Published: 01 March 1965
... and Change in Expectations about Family Size 253 First 4 40 Second 5 41 Fourth 44 55 All 18 46 8 Ibid. Also in the present study the percent who reported at the first interview that the last pregnancy was not actively wanted by husband or wife or both varied as follows by parity. We also show the percent...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (3): 413–422.
Published: 01 August 1984
... potential for ad- justing expected and actual parity down- ward. A similar relationship is found among the wives of the fourth parity group but not among wives initially in the first or second parity (373-374). With respect to the effect of the corre- spondence between wife's expectations and husband's...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (4): 517–530.
Published: 01 November 1987
..., along with the total number of cases, the grand mean, and its standard deviation. It is evident that the overall PPRs (grand mean) are very high even at the fourth parity in both samples. At parity 4, the PPRs among rural and urban couples are 63 percent and 51 percent. They are 79 percent and 65...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (3): 267–285.
Published: 01 August 1981
... intention; (2) this certainty, like more firm intentions, varies by age and parity as the model predicts; and (3) there were significant shifts in the level of certainty between 1965 and 1970. Specifically, while intentions for third, fourth, and fifth births declined, more women "didn't know...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (4): 511–528.
Published: 01 November 1981
... religious background affects fertility primarily by increasing the likelihood of having a third or fourth child; its indirect effects on fertility operate through religious schooling and current religious affiliation. Unlike religious background, the positive influence of farm background on fertility...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (1): 143–153.
Published: 01 February 1975
... of birth intervals of 18.17, 27.14, 28.66 and 29.87 months for the first, second, third and fourth parities, respectively (Chow, 1968, p. 297). Our estimate of the first-order birth interval of 19 months is indeed close to the survey result. The other intervals (29, 37, and 30 for the second, third...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (3): 423–429.
Published: 01 August 1984
..., which had the maximum po- tential for adjustingexpected and actual parity downward. A similar relationship is found among the wives of the fourth parity group but not among wives ini- tially in the first or second parity (373- 374). 3. If the husband initially was reported by the wife as wanting fewer...
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (2): 280–288.
Published: 01 May 1985
..., for example, with parity progres- sion ratios, the percentage of individuals who do not want any more children, the number of additional children wanted, and expected completed family size. Third, it automatically adjusts for the current level of the dependent variable. Fourth, the data needed to calculate...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (3): 391–408.
Published: 01 August 1982
... and birth interval** First birth 43 50 93 1,050 Second to fourth parity 0-24 months 43 85 128 820 25 or more months 12 29 41 975 Fifth or higher parity 0-24 months 85 85 170 282 25 or more months 12 34 46 502 Sex Male 38 54 92 1,913 Female 29 51 80 1,716 Gestation** 0-7 months 126 88 214 182 8-9 months 29...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (3): 451–468.
Published: 01 August 2009
... that all birth rates, but particularly sixth and seventh birth rates, declined in the second half of the 1970s and recovered in the 1980s. The bene t levels shown in Figure 1 suggest that the greatest increases applied to the fourth parity, followed by the fth to seventh, while the third parity...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (1): 1–25.
Published: 01 February 1981
... at Given Parities Expect to Have Additional Births? An Exercise in Discriminant Analysis . Demography , 11 , 45 – 56 . 10.2307/2060698 Park C. B. ( 1978 ). The Fourth Korean Child: The Effect of Son Preference on Subsequent Fertility . Journal of Biosocial Science , 10 , 95 – 106...
Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (1): 45–64.
Published: 01 February 1976
... in the same population. For all the U.S. cohorts (by years of marriage) the mean length of the postpartum infecund period (ld ranges between 4 and 6 months except for the fourth parity of the 1930-1939 marriage cohort. Understandably, the Indians have a much longer period of postpartum infecundability...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (1): 23–41.
Published: 01 February 1987
... countries under scrutiny. On the other hand, the coefficient of the mortality covariate retains its significant impact for parities and periods in which fertility appeared relatively constant. For transitional groups, such as the third and fourth parities, MORT appears to be unimportant in explaining...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 267–296.
Published: 22 January 2020
... that parity-specific stopping occurs if plots of progression across parities become increasingly concave over time (Brass and Juárez 1983 ; Brass et al. 1997 ). This occurs when progression to the third birth, and usually also the fourth birth, drops by more than progression to higher-order births, dragging...
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Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (1): 39–54.
Published: 01 February 1981
... narrowed among recent co- horts. There are essentially no differences in the incidence of breast feeding among second, third, and fourth parity births. The historical decline, however, is evident for all birth orders. In comparing breast feeding across birth orders, it is important to note...