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Environmental regulation

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Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (1): 45–56.
Published: 01 February 1998
... causally complex model must consider feedback. Pollution levels, for example, may influence population growth by elevating mortality or by triggering growth-con- trol regulations or, more likely, by mediating rates of migra- tion. Pollution levels (I) may also trigger environmental regulatory efforts (T...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2005–2031.
Published: 05 December 2019
... 2019 05 12 2019 © Population Association of America 2019 2019 Women’s health Fertility rate Birth outcomes Lead Environmental regulation Overwhelming evidence has shown that lead in water contributes to higher rates of lead in the blood and is related to eventual...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (4): 461–466.
Published: 01 November 2000
... Characteristics of Communities With Hazardous Waste Sites . ( 1987 ). New York : United Church of Christ . Weststat ( 1984 ). National Survey of Hazardous Waste Generators and Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities Regulated Under RCRA in 1981 . Washington, DC : US Environmental Protection...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 229–248.
Published: 01 May 1994
...." Environmental Equity 233 Although the National Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) requires the EPA to regulate hazardous waste production, transport, and disposal, the publicly available information collected under this act does not distinguish between commercial and noncommercial TSDFs. Nor do...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 377–389.
Published: 01 November 1998
... institutions that regulate resource use and allocate the costs of externalities (National Academy of Sciences, 1986a). Since the publication of the NAS report in 1986, there has been a significant increase in demographic attention to environmental issues. This increased attention is primarily due to recent...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (6): 2183–2186.
Published: 17 October 2013
... as many kinds of environmental degradation that are effectively losses in wealth. In my address, I discussed some areas in which the record of the last 50 years is less positive, including disappointing progress in reducing poverty in Africa and environmental problems, such as global warming. I concede...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (3): 371–389.
Published: 01 August 1982
.... In this set of circumstances, it is understandable that they will make allocative decisions that will affect the survival probabilities of children. These decisions and the environmental influences on mortality are the basic forces which determine whether a child will survive through the post-neonatal period...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (2): 405–427.
Published: 01 May 2009
...- nances, and farmland protection programs; and environmental regulations such as the Clean Water Act, shoreland and wetland zoning, and others). The existing literature includes developable lands (Cowen and Jensen 1998), qualitative environmental corridors (Lewis 1996), quantitative environmental...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (3): 353–372.
Published: 01 August 1989
.... Changes in fertility can arise either from the perceived benefits of having children and the cultural transmission of the idea of an ideal family size (cultural selection) or from the changes in laws and customs regulating marriage (environmental action). Changes in mortality can arise either from...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (6): 2173–2181.
Published: 17 August 2013
... and noted that he expects further improvements by 2050. However, although Lam briefly covered the problems of global warming and pollution, he did not address several other major environmental problems that are closely related to the rapid human population growth in recent decades and to the progress he...
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (4): 539–548.
Published: 01 November 1977
... doubt is that total marital fertility was in some way regulated long before contraception, as such, began to be used (whether we believe this to have hap- pened ca. 1840 or ca. 1880). People chose to marry, or not to marry, and the age at marriage fluctuated (and was generally higher than had long been...
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (4): 381–389.
Published: 01 November 1977
... an integrated as- sessment of population exposure to environmental carcinogens, focusing first on the relation between cancer mortality and carcinogens in air, water, and diet. Their objective in underwriting these stud- ies is "to provide a scientific basis for the regulation of hazardous environmental...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (4): 443–465.
Published: 01 November 1987
... behavior is distanced in many ways from biological constraints and forces by culture, institu- tions, technology, individualistic rationality, and the ability to accumulate. Although positive (biological) checks must always in principle stand ready to regulate population at sufficiently high densities...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (3): 393–409.
Published: 01 August 1989
... of the work environment (as defined by attributes such as autonomy, task complexity, and physical and environmental demands) against nonwork alternatives. If the nature of work remains attractive and the demand for their labor continues, workers may be more likely to delay retirement. Conversely...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1275–1298.
Published: 01 August 2022
... exposure and their neighborhoods' socioeconomic composition over time. With these data, we estimate the joint effects of neighborhood poverty and environmental lead contamination on receptive vocabulary ability. We find that sustained exposure to disadvantaged neighborhoods reduces vocabulary skills during...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (2): 485–510.
Published: 28 February 2018
... (e.g., Cavanagh and Huston 2006 ; Fomby and Cherlin 2007 ), but the construct has since been expanded (Fomby and Mollborn 2017 ). Environmental chaos predicts children’s development and health (Kamp Dush et al. 2013 ), but residential mobility has only recently been included as a measure...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 1045–1070.
Published: 01 June 2022
... the properties of a useful new tool for population scientists studying the interplay of nature and nurture and for population-based studies that are releasing PGSs to applied researchers. 2 This approach complements Boardman et al.’s (2014) study of the genetic moderation of specific environmental shocks...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 173–199.
Published: 01 February 2023
..., and places to adapt and result in at least $1 billion in losses, have increased substantially in recent years and decades ( NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) 2021 ; Wisner et al. 2004 ). In 2017, the United States set a new record of $322 billion in losses from 16 unique billion...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (4): 563–585.
Published: 01 November 1974
...Ronald Lee Abstract This paper analyzes the pattern of fluctuations of births in an age-structured population whose growth is subject to environmental or economic constraint. It synthesizes the traditional demographic analysis of age-structured renewal with constant vital rates and the economic...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 499–526.
Published: 01 April 2021
... and consider local weather and environmental conditions associated with the three most frequently posited potential drivers of adverse health outcomes: disease (malaria), heat stress, and food insecurity. We focus this study on Mali, where seasonal trends facilitate the use of measures specifically designed...
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Includes: Supplementary data