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Employment

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Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 33–60.
Published: 29 January 2020
...Katherine Weisshaar; Tania Cabello-Hutt Abstract In this article, we consider how individuals’ long-term employment trajectories relate to wage inequality and the gender wage gap in the United States. Using more than 30 years of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 sample, we...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (2): 345–367.
Published: 01 May 2010
...— and for evacuees in any state. We focus on rates of labor force participation, employment, and unemployment, and we extend prior research by also examining rates of self-employment. With the exception of Mississippi, employment and unemployment one year after the hurricane were at similar rates as the end of 2003...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 451–470.
Published: 01 April 2021
... with lower odds of maternal employment among mothers who had been employed prior to relocation. We use hierarchical binomial logistic regression models, combining data from the 2015 American Community Survey five-year sample and state-level childcare costs to assess married mothers' employment following...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1301–1325.
Published: 01 August 2021
...Jonathan Marc Bearak; Anna Popinchalk; Kristen Lagasse Burke; Selena Anjur-Dietrich Abstract Women's ability to control their fertility through contraception and abortion has been shown to contribute to improvements in education and employment. At the same time, their employment and wages decline...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 871–900.
Published: 01 June 2021
...Giammarco Alderotti; Daniele Vignoli; Michela Baccini; Anna Matysiak Abstract The relationship between employment instability and fertility is a major topic in demographic research, with a proliferation of published papers on this matter, especially since the Great Recession. Employment instability...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1249–1274.
Published: 01 August 2021
... be particularly true at the critical juncture of parenthood. This study provides novel evidence showing how the inflexibility of occupational work hours shapes new mothers' employment. We use a fixed-effects approach and individual-level data from nationally representative panels of the Survey of Income...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (2): 157–171.
Published: 01 May 1999
...Brian Roe; Leslie A. Whittington; Sara Beck Fein; Mario F. Teisl Abstract Theory suggests that the decision to return to employment after childbirth and the decision to breast-feed may be jointly determined. We estimate models of simultaneous equations for two different aspects of the relationship...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (2): 369–392.
Published: 01 May 2002
...Jane Waldfogel; Wen-Jui Han; Jeanne Brooks-Gunn Abstract We investigated the effects of early maternal employment on children’s cognitive outcomes, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth on 1,872 children who can be followed from birth to age 7 or 8. We found some persistent...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (1): 165–179.
Published: 01 February 2002
...Marcia K. Meyers; Theresa Heintze; Douglas A. Wolf Abstract Changing patterns of maternal employment, coupled with stronger work requirements for welfare recipients, are increasing the demand for child care. For many families, the cost of child care creates a financial burden; for mothers with low...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (1): 83–96.
Published: 01 February 1998
...David M. Blau; PhiliP K. Robins Abstract The causes of turnover in child-care arrangements and maternal employment are analyzed using panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, supplemented with state-level information on child-care markets. The results indicate that turnover...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 285–320.
Published: 14 January 2019
...Alexandra Killewald; Xiaolin Zhuo Abstract Previous research on maternal employment has disproportionately focused on the immediate postpartum period and typically modeled either cross-sectional employment status or time until a specific employment transition. We instead conceptualize maternal...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (3): 1007–1034.
Published: 23 April 2020
.... In addition, whether family choices have consequences for women’s employment and earnings in later life is not well known, particularly in a comparative perspective. Using data on 50- to 59-year-old women from the Generations and Gender Programme, the British Household Panel Survey, and SHARELIFE for 22...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (4): 693–717.
Published: 01 November 2005
...Wei-Hsin Yu Abstract Research on female labor-force participation has not fully explained why economic development has different effects on married women’s employment continuity across societies. I use life-history data from nationally representative samples of women in Japan and Taiwan to examine...
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (4): 617–628.
Published: 01 November 1995
...B. Lindsay Lowell; Jay Teachman; Zhongren Jing Abstract The record-keeping requirements of the Immigration Reform and Control Act(IRCA), and fines for illegal employment, may induce employers to discriminate against foreign-appearing workers. The General Accounting Office (GAO) reported widespread...
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (2): 181–198.
Published: 01 May 1992
...Paul S. Maxim Abstract Historically, self-employment was perceived as a mechanism whereby immigrants could circumvent discriminatory practices in wage labor. More recent research by Borjas in the United States, however, suggests that this view is incorrect. Immigrants, particularly members...
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (1): 17–29.
Published: 01 February 1992
...Rachel Connelly Abstract This paper considers self-employment and providing child care as occupational strategies that can lower the cost of child care. If the ability to care for one’s own children while engaged in market work is important to mothers with young children, we predict that women...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (4): 545–561.
Published: 01 November 1989
...Sonalde Desai; P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale; Robert T. Michael Abstract This article uses the 1986 Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data set to investigate the impact of maternal employment on children's intellectual ability, as measured at the age of 4 by using the Peabody...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (2): 287–299.
Published: 01 May 1989
...David M. Blau; Philip K. Robins Abstract A sample of labor-market and birth histories is used to estimate the effects of child-care costs on employment and fertility decisions. A reduced-form empirical analysis is performed, which is based on hazard functions for transitions among various fertility...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (6): 1961–1993.
Published: 21 October 2015
...Javier García-Manglano Abstract Most literature on female employment focuses on the intersection between women’s labor supply and family events such as marriage, divorce, or childbearing. Even when using longitudinal data and methods, most studies estimate average net effects over time and assume...
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Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (2): 485–511.
Published: 26 February 2015
...Lisa Kaida Abstract Despite widespread interest in poverty among recent immigrants and female immigrant employment, research on the link between the two is limited. This study evaluates the effect of recently arrived immigrant women’s employment on the exit from family poverty and considers...
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Includes: Supplementary data