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Election Period

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Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (3): 381–402.
Published: 01 August 1986
... voting status life tables for three recent election periods. The paper shows how to combine a continuously occurring process (mortality) with a process that is active only at discrete times (voting transitions) within a multistate life table. Empirical results pertain to the number of Presidential...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 71–95.
Published: 06 September 2012
... (1976–1985; β = 0.77), after the Pass Laws were repealed (1986–1993; β = 1.38), and after the first free election (1994–2000; β = 1.52). This is strong evidence that mobility among blacks increased over the three post-1976 time periods and also that mobility began to increase before the official end...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 423–444.
Published: 25 March 2020
... of the nine months in utero as one of the most critical periods in life that shapes future health, economic, and educational trajectories. 10 A question of the size of a child at birth is chosen from these sizes: very large, large, average, small, very small, or does not know. 11 We do...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 191–217.
Published: 01 February 2021
... despite increasingly competitive elections. Between 1964 and 1985, the military regime imposed a two-party system in Brazil, composed of a pro-government party (ARENA) and an opposition party (MDB). After this period, a multiplicity of parties emerged, and political fragmentation in local elections...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (4): 587–616.
Published: 01 November 2002
... for earning a living. Not only did the 1965 amendments usher in a new period of mass migration, but the law did affect the lives of millions of people who were already in the United States and those yet to come. Immigrants from the Americas comprised about one-third of those admitted during the 1930s...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2223–2247.
Published: 03 November 2017
...—traits shown to be good predictors of immigrants’ unauthorized status (Passel and Cohn 2009 , 2010 ) — to proxy for the likely unauthorized status of household members. In addition, because most nonimmigrant visas for low-skilled workers are for short periods that do not exceed five years including...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (2): 215–231.
Published: 01 May 2002
..., the intensity of hostilities has varied over time. As we mentioned earlier, only in the past decade did Angola experience a period of relative peacefulness (June 1991 September 1992), fol- lowed by a major round of fighting (October 1992 October 1994), then another period of calm (November 1994 November 1998...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (1): 97–109.
Published: 01 February 1990
... been accompanied by demographic transition. The total fertility rate declined from 5.7 in the mid-1920s to 3.5 in the mid-1980s, and life expectancy increased from 59 years to 69 years in the same period. Total population for all of Malaysia increased from 10.4 million to 12.3 million persons between...
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (2): 874–893.
Published: 01 June 1968
... in their history, their institutions, their physical size, their level of economic and social development, and their language, as well as in the size, characteristics and rates of growth of their populations. NATURAL INCREASE Figures of natural increase for the various inter-censal periods during the present...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 1023–1050.
Published: 17 April 2019
... influence his or her labor market outcomes. We carry out the empirical analysis building on an individual-level panel data set, the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). Specifically, we use monthly calendar information to construct labor market activity spells over the period 1984–2014. We then analyze...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (4): 595–620.
Published: 01 November 2005
... Democratic majority in Congress. The reforms of the 1930s and 1960s helped to alleviate (though not completely solve) the deep ssures of class and race in American society that had threatened to tear it apart. The elections of 1932 and 1964, which brought about these periods of reform, were overwhelming...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (2): 559–586.
Published: 14 March 2018
.... In other words, 50 % of the improvement in democratic conditions in Mexico in this period is accounted for by the decrease in fertility rate. Much of the democratic shift leading up to the historical elections in 2000 of the first non-PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) president since 1929...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 99–121.
Published: 29 January 2020
... weight potential. Indeed, we find that if U.S. pregnancies and births in 2013 had experienced the rates of intervention in 1990, then the average birth weight of first-birth singletons would have increased across this period. Identifying the underlying contributors to the decline is U.S. birth weight...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1905–1934.
Published: 20 August 2018
... in the circumstances of women and children. Studies covering a range of periods and geographical settings consistently find that female politicians prioritize issues thought to be of particular importance to women, including social welfare policy, family policy, and gender equality issues (Childs and Krook 2008...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (2): 261–270.
Published: 01 May 1971
... the end of the reproductive period. The age- plateau in the prevalence of tubal liga- tions which we see in these cross-sec- tional data beginning at 30 years was probably created by an abrupt and marked increase in the incidence of these operations several years before the survey. During the five year...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 509–517.
Published: 01 November 1998
... the aspect of time that is needed for the study of growth. Early growth curves, for example, suffer from high variances for early gestational ages asa consequence of inaccurate as- signment of age determined from the mother's last men- strual period (LMP). Secher et al. (1986), on the other hand, finds...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 89–110.
Published: 01 February 2022
...  % of votes cast for Republican president County 1 .729  Conservative denomination adherents per capita County 1 .713 Abortion Policy  Public funding for abortion State 1 .691  Abortion providers County 1 .720  Mandatory waiting periods and informed consent State 1 .732...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 729–749.
Published: 06 June 2015
... the War on Poverty campaign. However, that expansion was later halted, if not reversed, and the United States has been in a contractionary period for two or three decades. I will note the scholarly research that supports this view and will examine the evidence to determine whether it is correct...
FIGURES | View All (8)
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 115–132.
Published: 01 February 1994
... and elsewhere in the former Soviet Union to refer to abortions performed in outpatient polyclinics by the vacuum-aspiration method. Mini-abortions are done within the first month after a woman has missed her menstrual period. Often the woman never knows for certain whether she was pregnant; usually no pathology...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (3): 451–465.
Published: 01 August 1989
... stopping rules were not assumed to be universally present. There is a limitation, however, for this comparison because the studies cited below were based on the data of births reported during certain fixed periods of time, and not on the data of all births to parents who had completed childbearing...