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Economic downturns

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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 933–959.
Published: 05 June 2017
... depends on the business cycle. The first-birth rates were much lower for women who were displaced in an economic downturn than for those who lost a job in an economic upturn. This result cannot be explained by changes in the observed characteristics of the displaced women over the business cycle. 7 4...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2301–2329.
Published: 02 October 2017
...James M. Raymo; Akihisa Shibata Abstract In this study, we examine relationships of unemployment and nonstandard employment with fertility. We focus on Japan, a country characterized by a prolonged economic downturn, significant increases in both unemployment and nonstandard employment, a strong...
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Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (6): 2151–2171.
Published: 25 July 2013
...Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat; Anna Gassman-Pines; Christina Gibson-Davis Abstract Using North Carolina data for the period 1990–2010, we estimate the effects of economic downturns on the birthrates of 15- to 19-year-olds, using county-level business closings and layoffs as a plausibly exogenous source...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 471–505.
Published: 22 March 2016
... in the unemployment rate increased men’s controlling behavior toward romantic partners even after we adjust for unemployment and economic distress at the household level. We interpret these findings as demonstrating that the uncertainty and anticipatory anxiety that go along with sudden macroeconomic downturns have...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 1867–1895.
Published: 01 October 2021
... unemployment and reduced employment for foreign-born men during economic downturns ( Brown et al. 2014 ; Chiswick et al. 1997 ; Orrenius and Zavodny 2010 ; Wang and Sakamoto 2016 ). Several important papers have addressed the “first fired” claim by constructing one-year longitudinal windows using...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1747–1764.
Published: 26 August 2019
... on the robustness of the results for different subsamples and demographic groups. Are bad economic times bad for your health? The answer to this question is not obvious. In France, economic downturns seem to have little impact on aggregate mortality. France is indeed a useful case study regarding mortality...
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Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (1): 25–52.
Published: 01 February 2006
... the in uence of economic conditions, we compare years of economic stability/growth against years of economic decline. Years of economic downturns were those during which the country s GNI per capita was lower than the average GNI per capita during the previ- ous three years. Control variables. Control...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (5): 1453–1476.
Published: 13 September 2016
... of return flows (in levels). 22 All specifications include Mexican state fixed effects and U.S. state × year fixed effects capturing the effect of all time-invariant factors at the Mexican state level and time-varying and time-invariant characteristics of U.S. states, including the economic downturn...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1727–1748.
Published: 06 August 2018
... Higher education College spending Foreclosure Great Recession Parental investments From 2007 through 2009, the United States experienced the largest economic downturn since the Great Depression, made distinctive by a spike in foreclosures (Hout et al. 2011 ). The housing crisis was spurred...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (2): 251–258.
Published: 01 May 1998
...- thermore, the median age at marriage for all males began to increase before the economic downturn in the 1970s (Ahlburg and De Vita 1992). Therefore, the delayed marriage of white men and African American men in the last half of this century may not have been caused by poor economic prospects. The Adult...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1463–1493.
Published: 18 June 2019
... conditions and fertility behavior: fertility rates increase during economic expansions and decrease during economic recessions. As economic prosperity diminishes during cyclical downturns and financial uncertainty and distress increases, women and couples postpone childbearing (Balbo et al. 2013 ; Buckles...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2101–2123.
Published: 10 October 2017
... a methodology that allows us to match our period working life tables with external life tables. Our study contributes to the literature in several ways. First, the topic of how economic downturns affect WLE has received little attention. Second, we present findings for whites, blacks, and Hispanics; by contrast...
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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (5): 1283–1307.
Published: 01 October 2023
... of the COVID-19 pandemic on children's living arrangements, we shed light on the wide-ranging potential impacts of COVID-19 and the ensuing economic downturn, housing instability, and work precarity on children's well-being and outcomes. “Doubled-up” households are those in which a child lives...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1207–1218.
Published: 28 June 2016
... economic downturns. Deep poverty rates hover around 5 % for most of the period (except in the first several years), but the counterfactual line shows that without taxes and transfers, deep poverty rates would instead range from 15 % to 20 %. Fig. 6 Effects of taxes and transfers on deep poverty...
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Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (1): 59–77.
Published: 01 February 2007
.... , & DaVanzo , J. ( 2003 ). Economic Downturns and Schooling Inequality, Cameroon, 1987–95 . Population Studies , 57 , 183 – 97 . 10.1080/0032472032000097092 Eloundou-Enyegue, P.M. and C.S. Stokes. 1999. “Every Family for Themselves? Economic Crisis and the Fostering of School Children in Africa...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (2): 485–509.
Published: 01 April 2022
...: No easy fix to its social and economic determinants . American Journal of Public Health , 108 , 182 – 186 . Dávalos M. E. , Fang H. , and French M. T. ( 2012 ). Easing the pain of an economic downturn: Macroeconomic conditions and excessive alcohol consumption . Health...
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Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (2): 323–343.
Published: 01 May 2008
... observable in Japan in the decades after 1950. Similar to other industrialized economies, in Japan mortality tended to deviate from its secular trend upward in periods of strong economic growth and downward during economic downturns. DATA AND METHODS All data analyzed in this study were obtained online from...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (4): 1383–1407.
Published: 23 June 2015
... (Riddell and Song 2011 ), particularly during economic downturns (Sum and Khatiwada 2010 ; van der Wel et al. 2010 ). They may also retire earlier (Hayward et al. 1998 ). Additionally, the association between current and lifetime earnings may vary in labor markets with high intragenerational...
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Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (1): 137–139.
Published: 01 February 1986
... age 32, the age of her most favored cohort at about the time the fertility downturn began.) Devaney's result is a series of highly significant regression coefficients that offer the appearance of new knowledge but in fact may only have traced historical coincidences. To understand why the model may...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1325–1352.
Published: 01 August 2022
..., susceptibility to disease, and mortality rates are higher for disadvantaged groups, including the weak, the old, and the poor, but these groups are also more likely to bear the brunt of an economic downturn. A large body of research has demonstrated the devastating effects of unemployment on workers' all...
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