1-20 of 881 Search Results for

Disparities

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 55–77.
Published: 01 February 2008
...David S. Kirk Abstract This study assesses the role of social context in explaining racial and ethnic disparities in arrest, with a focus on how distinct neighborhood contexts in which different racial and ethnic groups reside explain variations in criminal outcomes. To do so, I utilize...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (2): 383–399.
Published: 01 May 2006
...Paul Mohai; Robin Saha Abstract The number of studies examining racial and socioeconomic disparities in the geographic distribution of environmental hazards and locally unwanted land uses has grown considerably over the past decade. Most studies have found statistically significant racial...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (4): 701–725.
Published: 01 November 2003
... must go beyond programs that aim to reduce the level of risk factors among black women to address the causes of differences in the effects of risk factors. 14 1 2011 © Population Association of America 2003 2003 Birth Weight Prenatal Care Birth Certificate Ethnic Disparity...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (2): 275–299.
Published: 01 May 2005
... in the late 1970s and early 1980s failed to accelerate and, in fact, may have temporarily slowed progress toward gender equity. 15 2 2011 © Population Association of America 2005 2005 Junior High School Gender Inequality Market Reform Income Quintile Gender Disparity References...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2125–2158.
Published: 21 November 2017
... for understanding disparities in cognitive function. Drawing from sociology, demography, public health, and medical research, three theoretical models emerge to explain how life-course social disadvantage may affect later-life cognitive function. I briefly review the literature that motivates the theoretical models...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1935–1956.
Published: 25 September 2018
...Laura Rossouw; Teresa Bago d’Uva; Eddy van Doorslaer Abstract In spite of the wide disparities in wealth and in objective health measures like mortality, observed inequality by wealth in self-reported health appears to be nearly nonexistent in low- to middle-income settings. To determine the extent...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2119–2128.
Published: 21 September 2018
... a period of homelessness at some point in their lives. We also identify dramatic disparities in lifetime incidence of homelessness by racial and ethnic subgroups. Rates of homelessness were higher for non-Hispanic blacks (16.8 %) or Hispanics of any race (8.1 %) than for non-Hispanic whites (4.8 %; all...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 1–24.
Published: 05 December 2018
...Erin R. Hamilton; Jo Mhairi Hale; Robin Savinar Abstract Immigrant legal status determines access to the rights and privileges of U.S. society. Legal status may be conceived of as a fundamental cause of health, producing a health disparity whereby unauthorized immigrants are disadvantaged relative...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 621–644.
Published: 03 January 2019
... environments. This study takes an important step toward explaining educational disparities in U.S. adult mortality and their growth since the mid-1980s by examining them across U.S. states. We analyzed data on adults aged 45–89 in the 1985–2011 National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality File (721,448...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (3): 1063–1088.
Published: 22 June 2020
... disparities between women, using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (1992–2015). Compositional change with respect to education is the main driver for growing inequality. Other factors are less influential but still relevant: marginal returns for several wage-related personal characteristics have grown...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 267–292.
Published: 01 February 2022
...Taylor W. Hargrove; Lauren Gaydosh; Alexis C. Dennis Abstract Educational disparities in health are well documented, yet the education–health relationship is inconsistent across racial/ethnic and nativity groups. These inconsistencies may arise from characteristics of the early life environments...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 921–947.
Published: 01 June 2022
... observed sex, racial/ethnic, and educational differences in three key health outcomes into the part explained (in a statistical accounting sense) by loneliness and the part accounted for by other factors. We find little evidence of an important role for loneliness in understanding disparities in mortality...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 827–855.
Published: 01 June 2022
...). Stratification Economic recession Job loss Discrimination Work features decomposition The COVID-19 pandemic introduced new risks into economic, social, familial, and cultural activities that are otherwise commonplace, leading to disruptions that levied disparate impacts across demographic...
FIGURES | View All (9)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1233–1247.
Published: 01 August 2022
... insights as to how mothers took on a disproportionate share of this responsibility compared to fathers during this period. First, the gender gap in total parenting time narrowed by 18%. Meanwhile, the gender disparity in time in educational activities increased by 113% and was not explained by changes...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 813–834.
Published: 11 April 2017
... negative trend: the “diverging destinies” in children’s life chances caused by widening social disparities in mother-headed families and related labor market problems for poor parents (McLanahan 2004 ; McLanahan and Jacobsen 2015 ). The analysis is based on microdata from the U.S. Census of Population...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 961–983.
Published: 21 April 2017
...Philipp M. Lersch Abstract This study examines the association between marriage and economic wealth of women and men. Going beyond previous research that focused on household wealth, I examine personal wealth, which allows identifying gender disparities in the association between marriage...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2247–2269.
Published: 01 December 2022
...Andrea M. Tilstra; Iliya Gutin; Nathan T. Dollar; Richard G. Rogers; Robert A. Hummer Abstract Research on Black–White disparities in mortality emphasizes the cumulative pathways through which racism gets “under the skin” to affect health. Yet this framing is less applicable in early life, when...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2079–2107.
Published: 01 December 2022
.../ethnicity, and legal status. We also assess the associations between two specific types of state immigration policies—those governing immigrant access to Medicaid and driver's licenses—and health care utilization disparities. We find that state-level immigration policy contexts are associated with health...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (2): 351–377.
Published: 01 April 2023
...Jason M. Fletcher; Michal Engelman; Norman J. Johnson; Jahn Hakes; Alberto Palloni Abstract A rich literature shows that early-life conditions shape later-life outcomes, including health and migration events. However, analyses of geographic disparities in mortality outcomes focus almost exclusively...
FIGURES | View All (9)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (3): 731–760.
Published: 01 June 2023
.... Motivated by theories of double disadvantage and leveraging advancements in data collection and measurement, we examine physical and mental health disparities across sexual and gender minority statuses: cisgender heterosexuals, gender minority heterosexuals, cisgender sexual minorities, and people who...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Includes: Supplementary data