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Disability Outcome

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Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (2): 251–263.
Published: 01 May 2007
... in the United States and life cycle stage at entry. These results highlight the diversity of the older Asian population with respect to the ways in which immigration and origin history are linked to disability outcomes. We conclude that in later life, immigrant status confers few disability advantages among...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (3): 541–555.
Published: 01 August 2002
... data can and cannot be used for in disability research compared to the National Health Interview Survey. On the basis of our findings, we argue (1) that the CPS can be used to monitor trends in outcomes of those with disabilities and (2) that the dramatic decline in the employment of people...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (3): 361–375.
Published: 01 August 1998
... limitation at the time of origin, based on their ability to perform three physical functioning tasks. The outcome at the follow-up interview is categorized as functionally independent, limited, or dead, allowing for six probabilities, one from each state of origin to each outcome. These are calculated using...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 291–314.
Published: 14 January 2012
... other disability outcomes, such as limitations in physical functions and IADLs. In particular, future work might productively apply this group-based modeling strategy to health trajectories at younger ages at which mortality is lower, recovery is more common, and group membership is perhaps more...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (4): 429–443.
Published: 01 November 1999
...Cheryl Elman; George C. Myers Abstract We use a national cross-sectional database, the 1880 Integrated Public Use Microdata Sample, to examine aggregate patterns and individual-level estimates of chronic-disease morbidity and long-term disability in the United States in the late nineteenth century...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 921–947.
Published: 01 June 2022
... Decomposition of the relationship of sex (male=1, female=0) with health outcomes Cognitive Impairment Disability Mortality CIND Dementia Log Odds % Log Odds % Log Odds % Log Odds % A. CES-D Measure, 2008–2016  Total relationship 0.205 ** 100.0 0.667 ** 100.0...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (3): 749–776.
Published: 15 April 2016
... that improve outcomes for all youth, not just those identified with a health condition at a specific point in time. In this study, we consider disability dynamics using definitions that focus on health conditions and their resulting limitations. We capitalize on a longitudinal survey of youth ages 12 to 16...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 425–447.
Published: 16 March 2012
... Longitudinal Monitoring Study (RLMS)). We use two self-reported disability outcomes as broad markers of health: functional limitations (e.g., walking, climbing, reaching) and limitations in activities of daily living (ADL) (e.g., bathing, dressing). Our focus is on older adults (ages 50–84) because...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2273–2300.
Published: 03 October 2017
... for subgroups. The two data sets we use in this analysis are particularly well suited for comparing work disability outcomes by nativity and origins because of their large sample sizes and detailed information about nativity and origins. Both data sets include country of birth. Based on these, we formed 15...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (3): 803–826.
Published: 17 October 2012
... of a sibling. Were we to include surviving children with a disability, we would not fully know the causal factors in their adult outcomes. 2 “How many brothers and sisters do you have, both living and deceased? Include biologically related, adoptive, and step-brothers or -sisters.” 1 See Udry...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 241–265.
Published: 03 March 2011
... of black immigrants, there are limited studies of their health outcomes. Prior research on the health of black immigrants has been hampered by small sample sizes. In this study, we take advantage of the expanded questions on disability included in the 2000 U.S. census to investigate disability among native...
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Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S191–S209.
Published: 01 March 2010
.... The situation becomes more com- plicated if the way citizens experience work disability is different across countries. In that case, the difference in disability rolls across countries may not just point at different poli- cies and their effects but also at different de¿ nitions of outcomes, and estimating...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 153–181.
Published: 11 March 2011
... with ADL disability and self-rated health. Only for cognitive impairment do we observe some explanatory power of adult conditions; the effects of adult conditions and community conditions do not mediate any of the effects of childhood conditions on other health outcomes. Therefore, evidence from this study...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 337–364.
Published: 02 March 2016
... in longitudinal studies introduced by selective dropout, results from the parallel process models developed under the assumption of data missing at random were compared against estimates adjusted for the effects of data NMAR on the outcomes of interest. Full information maximum likelihood is the default estimator...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (3): 387–403.
Published: 01 August 1988
... increased chances of living with a child. At the extreme level of disability, coresidence with a child becomes the overwhelming majority outcome, with a probability about 0.8. A comparison of configurations 8 and 9 shows that the sharp increase in the probability of living with a child is attributable...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (6): 1989–2012.
Published: 10 July 2013
... schools. Using data from the 1984–2007 National Health Interview Surveys linked to race-specific data on school quality, we find that reductions in the black-white gap in school quality led to modest reductions in the black-white gap in disability. 30 5 2013 10 7 2013 © Population...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (5): 1487–1512.
Published: 14 September 2015
.... Further, few studies on marital disruption and health have examined work disability as an outcome, and no study to our knowledge has examined the life-course sequencing of divorce and receipt of federal disability benefits or how patterns vary over time conditional on remarriage. The study also takes...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (2): 629–652.
Published: 01 April 2022
... and childhood SES measures. The final analytic sample comprises 16,306 respondents. Our primary outcome is functional disability, as parameterized by the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scale ( Katz et al. 1963 ). ADL limitations represent quite profound disability and generally indicate...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 267–289.
Published: 23 November 2011
...); and primary language (English, Spanish, or other). To illustrate the effect of population definition on economic outcomes for working-age people with disabilities, we produced statistics on one such outcome: employment. We used the broadest measure of employment available in the ACS: working in a paid job...
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Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S1–S4.
Published: 01 March 2010
... at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources. Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries . Washington, DC : The National Academies Press . D.M. Cutler , & D.A. Wise ( 2009 ). Health at Older Ages: The Causes and Consequences of Declining Disability...