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Differential Allocation

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Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (3): 421–426.
Published: 01 August 1973
... where such tables are usually obtained by comparing age distributions of successive censuses. 27 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1973 1973 Life Expectancy Life Table Differential Allocation Estimate Life Table Undetermined Multiplier References Chiang , C. L...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 835–860.
Published: 02 May 2015
... a profound impact on parental investment in children; yet, parental education and occupation—the other two aspects of SES—are seldom considered in the household consumption literature. In this study, we stress the differential effects of the three aspects of SES in determining resource allocation behavior...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2143–2167.
Published: 25 September 2020
... and/or poorer families where overall mortality is higher (i.e., implicit discrimination) rather than differential resource allocation within the same family (i.e., explicit discrimination). It is empirically difficult to measure explicit discrimination net of implicit discrimination because prenatal sex...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 541–566.
Published: 01 March 2016
... sibling sex composition leads to a differential allocation of family resources among boys and girls. In this framework, sons provide a future economic gain to parents, but daughters come with a future economic burden. The economic gain from an extra son is larger if the existing proportion of sons...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (3): 369–377.
Published: 01 August 1971
...- entials in fertility are the result of the differential allocation of rural migrants in the class structure. The basic hypo- thesis of this study was that urban mi- grants in rural areas would be found disproportionately in the higher social levels, and would have low fertility; thus, when the population...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (1): 215–239.
Published: 18 December 2015
... into cause-specific spread, allocation, and timing effects. In addition to their higher life expectancy relative to whites, Hispanics also exhibit 7 % lower lifespan variability, with a larger gap among women than men. Differences in cause-specific incidence (allocation effects) explain nearly two-thirds...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (1): 87–90.
Published: 01 February 1986
..., Nativity, and Country of Origin on the Death Certificate and Matching Census Record . Washington, D.C. : National Center for Health Statistics . Kitagawa E. M. , & Hauser P. M. ( 1973 ). Differential Mortality in the United States: A Study in Socioeconomic Epidemiology . Cambridge...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (3): 341–359.
Published: 01 August 1987
... to allocate sufficiently different physical and financial assets among their children to compensate for endowment differentials, at least for recent generations in the U.S. See Menchik (1980, 1982) and Behrman and Taubman (l986b). 14 Schooling prices that are directly (inversely) related to endowments oppose...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1207–1230.
Published: 26 September 2012
... to differential variance in the ages at death of two populations. 4 Small joint effects could mask large but offsetting allocation-spread and allocation-timing interactions, so researchers should check for that possibility. Online Resource 1 shows how joint effects can be used to place conservative...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1385–1405.
Published: 03 August 2012
... investments Child health Differential treatment Birth weight Now Israel loved Joseph more than any of his other sons, because he had been born to him in his old age; and he made a richly ornamented [a] robe for him. (Genesis 37:3–4) Competing theories exist regarding how parents allocate...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1641–1662.
Published: 03 August 2018
... in a daughter. The different preferences of fathers and mothers suggest that the ultimate resource allocation to boys and girls is an outcome achieved through intrafamily bargaining. Studies have rejected the income-pooling mechanism in the intrahousehold allocation process, implying that the differential...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1969) 6 (4): 413–423.
Published: 01 November 1969
... Kitagawa, Evelyn M., and Philip M. Hauser. 1962. Methods used in a current study of social and economic differentials in mortality. In Emerging Techniques in Population Research, Proceedings of the 1962 Annual Conference of the Milbank Memorial Fund. Kitagawa, Evelyn M. 1967. Education and income...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (6): 2187–2208.
Published: 20 June 2013
... parental motive for within-family resource allocation decisions. Some studies have found evidence of compensatory behavior, while others have found evidence of reinforcing behavior. For example, Rosenzweig and Schultz ( 1982 ) analyzed parental allocations in response to differential boy-girl survival data...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2001–2024.
Published: 02 November 2018
... not have complete information on children who died outside their state of birth. Bias enters our estimate when states had differential net migration rates or differential mortality rates. In all cases, infant deaths are allocated to the state of occurrence regardless of the child’s birth state because we...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1597–1618.
Published: 23 August 2014
... in women’s human-capital resources (i.e., education, skills, work experience) or changes in the personal attributes of working women (i.e., marital or maternity status). Second, the decline may be a result of changes in the number of hours that women allocate to paid work. Third, the decline may reflect...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (1): 71–82.
Published: 01 February 1984
... diversity will be introduced through varying ages at the time this disruption occurs, varying durations before remar- riage occurs, and varying conditions and stability in second families if remarriage occurs. This analysis considers trends and differentials in the proportion of chil- dren of each age...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (3): 485–498.
Published: 01 August 1989
...Thomas W. Pullum; Lucky M. Tedrow; Jerald R. Herting Abstract Procedures are developed to allocate the change in mean fertility to the change in specific parities or groups of parities. One procedure uses the proportion at each parity and another uses parity progression ratios. Both are based...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 107–133.
Published: 08 February 2018
... and thus is a resource, or whether instead they require care. Measuring living arrangements directly provides a better indicator of the presence or absence of other adults than marital status alone, making it an important consideration in analyzing mothers’ time allocations. Differential selection...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1965) 2 (1): 203–232.
Published: 01 March 1965
... consistent with fer- tility trends and differentials recently observed in the most developed countries-where, once again, positive correlation is found between income and family size-than the standard Neo-Malthusian theory. Investment Allocation and Population Growth 209 tempt to defend this assumption...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 537–552.
Published: 01 November 1988
... a substantial and influential economic literature on timeallocation (Becker, 1965; Cronau, 1977; Kooreman and Kapteyn, 1987) thatemphasizes the male/female wage-rate differentials in the explanation ofgender differences in time allocation patterns. Kooreman and Kapteyn used the 1975 U.S. datato explain...