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Credit Program

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Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (1): 1–21.
Published: 01 February 1999
... Development Board's (BRDB) Rural De- velopment RD-12 program-on reproductive behavior while illustrating the importance of heterogeneity bias and gender differences. BACKGROUND Group-based lending programs provide an innovative and promising mechanism for the delivery of credit to the poor and thus...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (2): 267–282.
Published: 01 May 2001
... is associated with participation. We also find evidence that the credit program tends to attract women who are already using contraception. The analysis of program impact on the use of modern contraceptives reveals a positive effect of the credit program, after we adjust for this selectivity; we see no evidence...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 189–221.
Published: 29 January 2018
.... M. ( 2015 ). The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program asset limit: Reports of its death may be exaggerated (Working Paper No. 15–06). Columbia : University of Missouri . Hotz , V. J. , & Scholz , J. K. ( 2003 ). The earned income tax credit . In R. Moffitt (Ed...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 749–782.
Published: 20 April 2011
..., participation in credit programs increased contraceptive use and in some cases reduced fertility (Amin et al. 1995 ; Hashemi et al. 1996 ; Schuler and Hashemi 1994 ; Schuler et al. 1997 ; Steele et al. 2001 ). Pitt et al. ( 1999 ) found instead no evidence of an impact when program participation...
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Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (2): 269–288.
Published: 01 May 2003
... lower risks of violence, presumably by reinforcing nascent normative changes in gender relations. 14 1 2011 © Population Association of America 2003 2003 Domestic Violence Physical Violence Wife Beating Credit Program Sample Registration System References Abdullah T.A...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1819–1843.
Published: 10 July 2013
... takes the credit? Gender, power and control over loan use in rural credit programmes in Bangladesh . World Development , 24 , 45 – 63 . 10.1016/0305-750X(95)00124-U Hashemi S. M. , Schuler S. R. , & Riley A. P. ( 1996 ). Rural credit programs and women’s empowerment...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography 11458327.
Published: 11 July 2024
... Program benefits ( N = ∼20,500), many of whom became newly eligible for the CTC. We find that the monthly CTC reduced parents’ past-due rent/mortgages (both amounts and incidence) and their reports of potential moves due to difficulties affording rent/mortgages. The CTC increased the likelihood...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1978) 15 (1): 113–129.
Published: 01 February 1978
... for sufficient lengths of time to have had an impact on fertility levels. In several countries with organized family planning programs, marked declines in fertility levels have been observed. The extent to which such declines may be credited to organized programs has not been rigorously measured because...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1833–1851.
Published: 24 August 2020
... resources, as is the common practice in U.S. Census Bureau reports, leaves an incomplete understanding of inequality and changes in the income distribution. Specifically, we find that food and nutrition assistance (such as benefits from the SNAP program) and refundable tax credits (such as the EITC) have...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1303–1326.
Published: 17 June 2019
... of low-income families, but less than one in four eligible families receive a voucher. In this article, we analyze whether one of the largest anti-poverty programs in the United States—the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)—affects the housing (eviction, homelessness, and affordability) and living...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 299–311.
Published: 01 August 2000
... Hashemi , S.M. , Schuler , S.R. , & Riley , A.P. ( 1996 ). Rural Credit Programs and Women’s Empowerment in Bangladesh . World Development , 24 , 635 – 53 . 10.1016/0305-750X(95)00159-A Hollerbach , P.E. ( 1983 ). Fertility Decision-Making Processes: A Critical Essay...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (1): 67–78.
Published: 01 February 2001
... , 147 – 61 . 10.1016/0277-9536(94)E0069-5 SAS/STAT Software: Changes and Enhancements Through Release 6.12 . ( 1997 ). Cary, NC : SAS Institute . Schuler , S.R. , & Hashemi. , S. ( 1994 ). Credit Programs, Women’s Empowerment, and Contraceptive Use in Rural Bangladesh...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 1019–1040.
Published: 29 March 2014
... Schuler , S. R. , & Hashemi , S. M. ( 1994 ). Credit programs, women’s empowerment, and contraceptive use in rural Bangladesh . Studies in Family Planning , 25 , 65 – 76 . 10.2307/2138085 Schuler , S. R. , Hashemi , S. M. , & Riley , A. P. ( 1997 ). The influence...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1873–1909.
Published: 01 October 2022
... and Gruber 1996 ; Goodman-Bacon 2018 ). Additionally, there are strong positive effects of the enactment of income support programs, such as the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) (e.g., Gundersen and Kreider 2009 ; Hoynes et al. 2016 ; Markowitz et al...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1091–1118.
Published: 14 May 2018
...-5150.2004.00013.x Basu K. , & Wong M. ( 2015 ). Evaluating seasonal food storage and credit programs in east Indonesia . Journal of Development Economics , 115 , 200 – 216 . 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.02.001 Baulch B. , & Hoddinott J. ( 2000 ). Economic mobility...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1775–1796.
Published: 05 September 2014
.../j.reprotox.2005.04.005 Pitt , M. , & Khandker , S. ( 1998 ). The impact of group-based credit programs on poor households in Bangladesh: Does the gender of participants matter? . Journal of Political Economy , 106 , 958 – 996 . 10.1086/250037 Rahman , O. , Menken , J...
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Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 333–357.
Published: 06 September 2012
.... , Hashemi , S. M. , Riley , A. P. , & Akhter , S. ( 1996 ). Credit programs, patriarchy and men’s violence against women in rural Bangladesh . Social Science & Medicine , 43 , 1729 – 1742 . 10.1016/S0277-9536(96)00068-8 Schuler , S. R. , & Islam , F. ( 2008...
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Published: 24 August 2020
Fig. 4 Direct effect of changes in tax and transfer programs on changes in cumulative income growth by percentile, 1967 to 2015. Food support includes SNAP, WIC, and school lunches. Housing support includes housing subsidies and energy assistance. Cash transfers include AFDC/TANF, unemployment More
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (5): 1319–1350.
Published: 29 September 2016
... Nigeria (GRIPS Discussion Paper No. 10–27). Tokyo, Japan : National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies . Murdock , G. P. ( 1949 ). Social structure . New York, NY : Macmillan . Pitt , M. M. , & Khandker , S. R. ( 1998 ). The impact of group-based credit programs...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1677–1701.
Published: 30 September 2014
... in 10 students who started a four-year degree in 2001 completed college in six years, and just 27.5 % of two-year program students completed their associate’s degree within three years (NCES 2012 ). Only 39.6 % of 18- to 24-year-olds were enrolled in degree-granting institutions in 2008 (NCES 2012...
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