1-20 of 188 Search Results for

Consumption Norm

Sort by
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (2): 179–195.
Published: 01 May 1977
... income model to receive confirmation, it was specified that the following hypotheses must be confirmed: (a) that fertility behavior would vary positively with relative income but the fertility norm would show no relationship with relative income; and (b) that consumption norms and behavior would show...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 876–893.
Published: 01 June 1967
... norms, the decrease in the relative size the working population owing to the decline in the average age of the young just balances the corresponding decrease in the relative size of the consumer popu- lation, but that, under the higher specific youth participation rates and the lower consumption weights...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1207–1218.
Published: 28 June 2016
... the disentangling of processes more difficult). The anchored SPM offers an intermediate measure: it updates the threshold to modern consumption norms, but instead of adjusting this on a quasi-relative basis over time, it adjusts only for inflation, as the official measure does. This approach reveals what poverty...
FIGURES | View All (8)
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 1119–1145.
Published: 08 May 2017
... associations with rising education levels; changing circumstances and exogenous shocks, such as economic, health, and conflict crises; and the breakup of traditional systems of patriarchal marriage and family norms. Using a set of high-quality household consumption surveys for 24 countries with comparable...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 653–674.
Published: 14 April 2011
... been influenced in recent decades by the scientific evidence of the harm of smoking and the worldwide strengthening of antitobacco norms (DHHS 2000 ; WHO 2008a ). Because smoking is addictive and begins during adolescence and young adulthood, smoking among newer cohorts reflects recent changes...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1978) 15 (3): 301–320.
Published: 01 August 1978
.... Socioeconomic variables, in the form of the normative social structure and social stratification, and economic constraints, such as income and price, are hypothesized to influence fertility through their impact on social psychological processes within the family. The overall theory is tested on two independent...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (4): 1279–1301.
Published: 13 February 2013
... larger than the household in the expectation of normative and/or economic rewards in the future—is a plausible motive. Second, a household’s religiosity and frequency of contact with absent migrants—both measures of the tightness of its connection to absent migrants and others—are significant predictors...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (3): 549–569.
Published: 01 August 1975
... . New York : Columbia University Press . MacCrimmon K. R. ( 1968 ). Descriptive and Normative Implications of the Decision Theory Postulates . In K. Borch , & J. Mossin (Eds.), Risk and Uncertainty (pp. 3 – 32 ). New York : MacMillan . Marschak Jacob...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (4): 483–498.
Published: 01 November 1990
... be argued that even consumption aspirations are less directly hedonistic than they are normative compliance. 19 Labor force needs associated with low fertility (Bourgeois-Pichat 1981) are likely to reinforce changes in this direction. 20 Wives prefer to be employed an average of 26 hours per week, compared...
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (2): 211–234.
Published: 01 May 1970
... the required motivation and that con- tinuous demand for contraceptives will probably proceed through informal per- son-to-person communications and a shift in community norms as the pro- gram takes hold. Among family plan- ning specialists there has also been a shift toward increasing interest in the problems...
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (1): 71–85.
Published: 01 February 1970
... that extends beyond the Ioeal community and loeal preseriptions of behavior (norms), that is, extra-loeal orientation, and (6) involved in a suprafamilial economic sys- tem through the pure hase of manufac- tured goods, rather than depending on horne produetion alone, designated home production or eonsumption...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1331–1351.
Published: 10 July 2017
... to social norms on ideal family size helps explain individual fertility decisions (Lavers 2008 ) because male Ethiopian household heads are more likely to place significant weight on having a large number of children, traditionally recognized as a vehicle for high social status (Pankhurst 1992...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1489–1516.
Published: 01 August 2022
... will differ by gender because of the norms of the time. Next, we examine the log of reported wage income in 1974 and total income in 1974. We include only those participants with nonzero income. We also conduct supplemental analyses with a two-part model that includes those with zero income. The two-part...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (6): 1979–2004.
Published: 21 November 2016
... with a higher incidence of risk factors and less distance to the native behavioral norm. 26 Intermarriage may directly affect the adoption of risky behaviors by changing the reference group and facilitating the adoption of the social norms prevailing among U.S.-born non-Hispanic women. To further...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 591–614.
Published: 30 November 2012
... excessive individualism and high rates of egoistic suicide . Lack of social regulation produces anomie, an absence of norms and an inability of society to meet the population’s needs and expectations, and corresponds to high rates of anomic suicide . As Durkheim demonstrated using European data from...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (1): 155–156.
Published: 01 February 1975
...." This is, indeed, an im- portant issue among factors relevant to future fertility trends, and the evidence for such a norm is impressive. It seems unnecessary to imply further that those who said a childless family was too small also meant that the one-child fam- ily was too small (p. 34), or to assume that since...
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (3): 297–313.
Published: 01 August 1993
... is an important rite of passage for some groups of Thai men (Erlanger 1991). Norms regarding alcohol consumption in Thailand are also consistent with patterns of Thai male sexual behavior. Mulder (1990) has noted the high tolerance in Thai society for excessive drinking among men and for the rowdy and reckless...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 1105–1125.
Published: 19 May 2011
... in the effects of alcohol. Analyzing men and women separately is the norm for studies in this area, including that by Liao et al. ( 2000 ). And while Liao et al. ( 2000 ) analyzed both all-cause and CHD mortality, Rogers et al. ( 2000 ) studied all-cause mortality and circulatory mortality, which they defined...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (1): 45–65.
Published: 01 February 2003
... in Mortality From Lung Cancer 47 EXPLANATIONS OF SEX DIFFERENCES IN LUNG CANCER Gender Equality According to the gender-equality hypothesis, independence provides a greater opportu- nity for women to participate in behaviors that traditionally have been limited to men. Relative to norms for men, traditional...
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (1): 109–130.
Published: 01 March 1966
...," Current Economic Comment, XIX (May, 1957), 17-23; Gunnar Myrdal, Values in Social Theory, ed. Paul Streeten (London, 1958), chap. ii, on "social theory and social policy." G. H. von Wright's distinction between "normative notions and value-concepts" is relevant: "the former do not admit of degrees...