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Concentrate Poverty

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Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (4): 395–412.
Published: 01 November 1996
...Douglas S. Massey Abstract Urbanization, rising income inequality, and increasing class segregation have produced a geographic concentration of affluence and poverty throughout the world, creating a radical change in the geographic basis of human society. As the density of poverty rises in the...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (4): 413–416.
Published: 01 November 1996
...Sheldon Danziger 14 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1996 1996 Poverty Rate Spatial Concentration Poor Neighborhood Social Spending Real Earning References Brooks-Gunn J. , Duncan G.J. , Klebanov P. , & Sealand N. ( 1993 ). Do...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 515–535.
Published: 01 August 2008
...William A. V. Clark Abstract For the past decade and a half, a concerted effort has been undertaken to determine whether policy interventions in residential location can solve the problems of inner-city poverty and racial concentration. Studies based on data from the Gautreaux litigation and the...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 697–720.
Published: 01 November 2004
... racial difference remained even after we considered a host of micro-level factors. Neighborhood-level concentrated poverty largely explained this residual racial difference. Collective efficacy also independently contributed to the delay of sexual onset. No significant baseline difference in age of...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 31–53.
Published: 01 February 2008
..., single mothers of adolescents living in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty in Cuyahoga (Cleveland), Los Angeles, Miami-Dade, and Philadelphia counties. Analyses control for a broad array of mothers’ characteristics, including their psychological and physical health, experiences with domestic violence...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 55–77.
Published: 01 February 2008
... concentrated poverty than other youths as well as lower levels of collective efficacy than white youths. Variations in neighborhood tolerance of deviance across groups explain little of the arrest disparities, yet tolerance of deviance does influence the frequency with which a crime ultimately ends in an...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (4): 621–631.
Published: 01 November 1986
... year." The poverty threshold used is the average of the couple's threshold during those months in which the husband was alive and of the single woman's threshold during her months of widowhood. For our second estimate, we concentrate on the part of the year following the husband's death. We assign a...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2337–2360.
Published: 15 October 2020
... estimates are probably lower bounds. The rise of deep/extreme poverty is concentrated among childless households. Among households with children, the expansion of SNAP benefits has led to declines in deep/extreme poverty. Ultimately, we demonstrate that estimates of deep/extreme poverty depend critically on...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 1–31.
Published: 30 November 2017
... demographic and social research investigating the cumulative effects of individual histories (e.g., marriage, poverty, poor health, unemployment, contraceptive use) on subsequent outcomes face the same methodological problem. Two studies addressed endogenous neighborhood selection in studies of children’s...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 1–29.
Published: 01 February 2008
... . 10.2307/2095343 Massey D. , Gross A.B. , & Shibuya K. ( 1994 ). Migration, Segregation, and the Geographic Concentration of Poverty . American Sociological Review , 59 , 425 – 45 . 10.2307/2095942 Mayer S.E. , & Jencks C. ( 1989 ). Growing Up in Poor...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (3): 509–524.
Published: 01 August 1994
...Mary M. Kritz; June Marie Nogle Abstract Are immigrants who live in states where large numbers of their compatriots reside more or less likely to migrate than those who live in other states? Using 1980 U.S. Census data to address that question, the analysis shows that nativity concentration deters...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (2): 265–280.
Published: 01 May 2009
...; and (4) by age 14, 50.5% of black children born in 1990 to high school dropouts had a father imprisoned. These estimates, robustness checks, and extensions to longitudinal data indicate that parental imprisonment has emerged as a novel—and distinctively American—childhood risk that is concentrated...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (3): 397–425.
Published: 01 August 2005
... Underclass . American Journal of Sociology , 96 , 329 – 57 . 10.1086/229532 Massey , D.S. ( 1996 ). The Age of Extremes: Concentrated Affluence and Poverty in the Twenty-first Century . Demography , 33 , 395 – 412 . 10.2307/2061773 McCulloch , A. ( 2003 ). An Examination of...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1765–1788.
Published: 30 May 2013
... , 102 , 1040 – 1084 . 10.1086/231039 South S. J. , & Crowder K. D. ( 1999 ). Neighborhood effects on family formation: Concentrated poverty and beyond . American Sociological Review , 64 , 113 – 132 . 10.2307/2657281 South S. J. , & Crowder K. D. ( 2010...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 717–737.
Published: 01 November 2009
... California Press . Jargowsky P.A. ( 2003 ). Stunning Progress, Hidden Problems: The Dramatic Decline of Concentrated Poverty in the 1990s . Washington, DC : The Brookings Institution . Kaler S.G. , & Rennert O.M. ( 2008 ). Reducing the Impact of Poverty on Health and Human...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 719–746.
Published: 09 March 2012
... conducting a cross-national, multilevel analysis of single-mother poverty. Specifically, we assess whether targeted or universalist social policies can explain variation across affluent democracies. We concentrate on social policy because many recent studies demonstrate the centrality of the welfare state to...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2369–2376.
Published: 15 October 2020
...David Brady; Zachary Parolin 11 9 2020 15 10 2020 © Population Association of America 2020 2020 Our study (presented earlier in this issue of Demography ) shows that deep and extreme poverty have increased in the United States from 1993 to 2016, particularly for childless...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (1): 61–86.
Published: 01 February 2004
.... Insofar as states were assigned grant allocations that were based on the number of people who left welfare for work, they may have concentrated on members of households with in- comes that were closer to the poverty line who are more likely to be job ready. The pov- erty rate cannot speak to this issue...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 499–519.
Published: 01 August 2003
...John Iceland Abstract After dramatic declines in poverty from 1950 to the early 1970s in the United States, progress stalled. This article examines the association between trends in poverty and income growth, economic inequality, and changes in family structure using three measures of poverty: an...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (4): 431–447.
Published: 01 November 2000
... . Annual Review of Sociology , 23 , 121 – 45 . 10.1146/annurev.soc.23.1.121 Massey , D.S. ( 1996 ). The Age of Extremes: Concentrated Affluence and Poverty in the Twenty-First Century . Demography , 33 , 395 – 412 . 10.2307/2061773 Mayer , S.E. ( 1997 ). What Money Can’t...