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Comparative health research

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Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S173–S190.
Published: 01 March 2010
...Daniella J. Perlroth; Dana P. Goldman; Alan M. Garber Abstract Comparative effectiveness research (CER) has the potential to slow health care spending growth by focusing resources on health interventions that provide the most value. In this article, we discuss issues surrounding CER and its...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2013–2024.
Published: 01 December 2022
... analysis Formal demography Decomposition Researchers and public health officials usually measure and compare population health on the basis of the health expectancy measure (HE) ( Wang et al. 2020 ). HE can be calculated as a period indicator or refer to birth cohorts. While period indicators...
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Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (5): 1703–1728.
Published: 03 September 2015
... future implementations of vignettes are discussed. 13 8 2015 3 9 2015 © Population Association of America 2015 2015 Anchoring vignettes Survey methods Self-rated health Comparative health research Reporting heterogeneity I stare at the pain scale, a simple number line...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1423–1443.
Published: 01 August 2021
... . Morris K. A. ( 2018 ). Measurement equivalence: A glossary for comparative population health research . Journal of Epidemiological Community Health , 72 , 559 – 563 . Muennig P. , & Fahs M. C. ( 2002 ). Health status and hospital utilization of recent immigrants to New York...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2043–2071.
Published: 03 November 2017
... any particular individual at risk of disease ( incidence ) and what leads some populations to be healthier than others ( prevalence ), and recognizes that the two may be quite different (Kindig and Stoddart 2003 ; Rose 2001 ). Comparative demographic health research has traditionally focused...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 201–228.
Published: 06 December 2018
... as to the underlying dimensions these measures represent, how to compare findings across surveys using different measures, or how to interpret the concepts captured by existing measures. To guide future research on reproductive behavior, we propose an organizing framework for existing measures. We suggest that two...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 393–418.
Published: 01 April 2024
...Kieron Barclay; Martin Kolk; Øystein Kravdal Abstract An extensive literature has examined the relationship between birth spacing and subsequent health outcomes for parents, particularly for mothers. However, this research has drawn almost exclusively on observational research designs, and almost...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 1–24.
Published: 05 December 2018
... in the United States. We identified 12 studies that met our criteria. As a check on our process, we compared our results against a recently published systematic literature review of measurement of immigrant legal status in health research; our results were consistent with the previous review (De Trinidad Young...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1655–1681.
Published: 01 October 2022
...Hui Zheng; Wei-hsin Yu Abstract Much research has debated whether immigrants' health advantages over natives decline with their duration at destination. Most such research has relied on (pooled) cross-sectional data and used years since immigration as a proxy for the duration of residence, leading...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 1045–1070.
Published: 01 June 2022
...Rebecca Johnson; Ramina Sotoudeh; Dalton Conley Abstract Fertility, health, education, and other outcomes of interest to demographers are the product of an individual's genetic makeup and their social environment. Yet, gene × environment (G×E) research deploys a limited toolkit on the genetic side...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 425–436.
Published: 30 April 2011
...Miguel Ceballos Abstract A significant body of research on minority health shows that although Latino immigrants experience unexpectedly favorable outcomes in maternal and infant health, this advantage deteriorates with increased time of residence in the United States. This study evaluates...
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Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (4): 899–925.
Published: 01 November 2007
... provide a valuable health-screening service and act as an incentive for research participation. Disadvantages of Using Dried Blood Spots Advantages of using DBS samples compared with venipuncture need to be weighed against potential disadvantages, including the following: First, the vast majority...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (3): 731–760.
Published: 01 June 2023
...Lawrence Stacey; Wes Wislar Abstract Sexual and gender minorities (SGM) experience detriments across many physical and mental health outcomes compared with heterosexual and cisgender people. But little is known about health outcomes for those who are both gender minorities and sexual minorities...
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Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (2): 303–324.
Published: 01 May 2009
...Lisa Cameron; Jenny Williams Abstract Recent research on the relationship between child health and income in developed countries reveals a positive gradient that is more pronounced for older children, suggesting that the impact of income upon health accumulates. This article examines whether...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (1): 113–135.
Published: 01 February 2007
... reports and examines childhood health as a predictor of adult health. The results suggest that such reports are of reasonable reliability as to warrant their judicious use in population research. They also demonstrate a large positive relation- ship between childhood and adult health. Compared...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 811–834.
Published: 25 April 2014
...Hongwei Xu; John R. Logan; Susan E. Short Abstract Research on neighborhoods and health increasingly acknowledges the need to conceptualize, measure, and model spatial features of social and physical environments. When ignoring underlying spatial dynamics, we run the risk of biased statistical...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1233–1247.
Published: 01 August 2022
...Jennifer March Augustine; Kate Prickett Abstract Public health measures aimed at curbing the transmission of COVID-19 increased parenting responsibilities during the early stages of the pandemic. This research note examines time-use data from the American Time Use Surveys to provide several fresh...
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Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 525–538.
Published: 01 March 1968
... 1964–68, and compares the results with recent trends in England and Wales, Chile, and Japan. An overview of the analysis and of the current health situation permits three major observations. First, reductions in infant mortality since 1965 are encouraging, but only further research can confirm...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1347–1371.
Published: 01 August 2021
... of women who conceived naturally improved around the time of conception and then gradually returned to baseline levels; comparatively, the mental health of women who conceived through MAR declined in the year before pregnancy and then gradually recovered. The findings also indicate that women's happiness...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (2): 587–615.
Published: 08 March 2018
... became effective in May 1979, depending on the birthday of the child, the assignment to different policy regimes is close to random. To assess the reform’s implications for mothers’ health outcomes, we adopt a difference-in-difference approach by comparing the differences in outcomes of mothers who gave...
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