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Cognitive functioning

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Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (4): 907–926.
Published: 01 November 2008
...Kathryn M. Yount Abstract In this article, I evaluate the life-course determinants of cognitive functioning among 1,003 women and men aged 50 and older in Ismailia, Egypt. Three questions motivate this analysis: (1) Do older women have poorer cognitive functioning than do older men?; (2) Do...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2125–2158.
Published: 21 November 2017
...Jo Mhairi Hale Abstract Population aging has driven a spate of recent research on later-life cognitive function. Greater longevity increases the lifetime risk of memory diseases that compromise the cognitive abilities vital to well-being. Alzheimer’s disease, thought to be the most common...
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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 1139–1161.
Published: 01 August 2023
...Emma Gorman Abstract This study assesses whether an additional year of secondary schooling has lasting causal effects on cognitive function. I use data from Understanding Society, the largest longitudinal household study in the United Kingdom, and exploit quasi-experimental variation in schooling...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 915–930.
Published: 06 July 2011
...Jürgen Maurer Abstract This study explores the role of early-life education for differences in cognitive functioning between men and women aged 60 and older from seven major urban areas in Latin America and the Caribbean. After documenting statistically significant differences in cognitive...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 337–364.
Published: 02 March 2016
...Nicholas J. Bishop; Natalie D. Eggum-Wilkens; Steven A. Haas; Jennie J. Kronenfeld Abstract This study examines the co-development of cognitive and physical function in older Americans using an age-heterogeneous sample drawn from the Health and Retirement Study (1998–2008). We used multiple-group...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1317–1341.
Published: 07 June 2018
... indicate that the longer an individual has been retired, the lower the cognitive functioning, with other factors thought to affect cognition held constant (e.g., age, education, and early-life socioeconomic conditions). However, retirement is potentially endogenous with respect to cognition because...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 75–109.
Published: 01 February 2021
... functioning domains. More offspring schooling improved parents' cognitive abilities in verbal learning, verbal fluency, and orientation, but not in visual scanning, visuospatial ability, or visual memory. The beneficial effects of offspring schooling on those cognitive domains are more salient for mothers...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 975–994.
Published: 01 June 2022
...Eric Bonsang; Vegard Skirbekk Abstract Cognitive decline is a widespread concern as populations grow older. However, population aging is partly driven by a decrease in fertility, and family size may influence cognitive functioning in later life. Prior studies have shown that fertility history...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (1): 165–183.
Published: 01 February 2006
... physiological systems. We formulate a new measure for cumulative physiological dysregulation using a grade of membership model estimated with biodemographic data from a national sample of older Taiwanese persons. We investigate associations between the measure and physical, psychological, and cognitive function...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (4): 661–678.
Published: 01 November 1989
... is represented by a set of GOM scores, interpreted as degrees of similarity of his or her health record to each of the profiles. Four profiles emerge from GOM analyses: healthy elderly, elderly with cognitive impairment, elderly with impairment in mobility function and physical performance and with selected...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 153–181.
Published: 11 March 2011
... tested. We find that childhood socioeconomic conditions exert long-term effects on functional limitations, cognitive impairment, self-rated health, and mortality independent of adult and community socioeconomic conditions. Achieved conditions matter for most outcomes as well, considering that adult...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (2): 619–643.
Published: 28 February 2014
... in terms of verbal fluency. 24 1 2014 28 2 2014 © Population Association of America 2014 2014 Compulsory education Cognitive functioning Memory Aging Population aging in Europe could pose challenges to the sustainability of national social security and health systems...
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Demography (2023) 60 (5): 1441–1468.
Published: 01 October 2023
... expectancies has made maintaining older individuals' health and well-being a public health priority in high-income countries. Healthy cognitive function and the ability to perform basic activities of daily living (ADLs), such as walking, dressing, and eating, without limitations are two important components...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1873–1895.
Published: 05 September 2017
... schooling, exposure to schooling enhanced cognitive functioning in terms of larger working memory, better planning skill, effective attention shifting, and accurate perception of the spread of an infectious disease (Peters et al. 2010 ). Evidence also suggests that learning activities in schooling assists...
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Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S65–S85.
Published: 01 March 2010
.... ( 2008 ). Height, Health and Cognitive Function at Older Ages . American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings , 98 , 463 – 67 . 10.1257/aer.98.2.463 Case A. , & Paxson C. ( 2009 ). Early Life Health and Cognitive Function in Old Age . American Economic Review Papers...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1715–1742.
Published: 13 September 2017
... performance before, during, and after deprivation. Alhola and Polo-Kantola ( 2007 ) and Killgore ( 2010 ) reviewed the effects of acute sleep deprivation on a wide range of cognitive processes, including basic cognitive functions such as attention, multiple aspects of sensory perception, emotional processing...
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Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1489–1516.
Published: 01 August 2022
... development. Growing evidence points to poverty costs regarding children's neuroendocrine function, early brain development, and cognitive ability. Results from a randomized control trial showed that regular cash transfers given to low-income families increased infant brain activity at age 1 ( Troller-Renfree...
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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1649–1664.
Published: 01 December 2023
... of birthplace and current place of residence (Groups A, B, D, and E). Further, PGIs for cognitive function, ADHD, CAD, ever having smoked, and height demonstrate that nonmigrants in a non–coal mining place (Group C) have significantly higher genetic health risks than migrants to coal mining places (Group D...
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Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 529–558.
Published: 25 March 2020
... fertility histories (number of children and age at first and at last birth) and biomarkers for cardiometabolic risk and respiratory function in midlife among both men and women. Results from models that adjusted for a very wide range of childhood factors, including early-life socioeconomic position...
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Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (3): 497–518.
Published: 01 August 2007
... . 10.2307/3644718 Everson-Rose S.A. , de Leon C.F.M. , Bienias J.L. , Wilson R.S. , & Evan D.A. ( 2003 ). Early Life Conditions and Cognitive Functioning in Later Life . American Journal of Epidemiology , 158 , 1083 – 89 . 10.1093/aje/kwg263 Older Americans 2000...