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Clean Water

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Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (1): 1–22.
Published: 01 February 2005
...” associated with living in urban areas. There is little empirical evidence and much unresolved debate about what caused these improvements, however. In this article, we report the causal influence of clean water technologies— filtration and chlorination—on mortality in major cities during the early twentieth...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (2): 155–174.
Published: 01 May 2000
... of hous- ing quality, and ownership of selected consumer durables. The LSMS and EGSF surveys contain data on these variables TABLE 1. COMPONENTS OF A LIVING STANDARDS INDEX Ghana Guatemala Jamaica Pakistan Peru Tanzania 1987 1989 1995 1989 1991 1994 1993 1994 Access to Clean Water x x x x x x Water...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1371–1388.
Published: 13 June 2019
... by region. The correlations between cities’ use of sewers and waterworks and their death rates from typhoid and diarrheal diseases, moreover, were weak. Cutler and Miller ( 2005 ), in contrast, found that the introduction of clean water technologies was responsible for nearly one-half of the total mortality...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (2): 211–229.
Published: 01 May 1996
... trash collection and public cleaning ser- vices (see Table 3). Overall our measures of community in- frastructure-water supply, sanitation, electricity, and the presence of a trash collection and public cleaning service- are related significantly to child mortality risks almost ex- clusively...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (1): 97–123.
Published: 01 February 1982
.... Diarrheal diseases are generally water- and food-borne dis- eases, and as such were likely to have responded to efforts on the part of the public health officials to clean up both water and food supplies. However, the fact that malnutrition among infants and children may result in diarrhea makes isolation...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 531–558.
Published: 18 May 2011
.... ( 2007 ). Progress towards the child mortality millennium development goal in urban Sub-Saharan Africa: The dynamics of population growth, immunization, and access to clean water . BMC Public Health , 7 , 218 . 10.1186/1471-2458-7-218 Gould W. T. S. ( 1998 ). African mortality...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 289–306.
Published: 01 May 1988
... decline to public hygiene and Infant Mortality by Father's Occupation 291 clean water. Fox (1979) pointed to housing tenure, size, and overcrowding as differentiating standardized mortality rates in contemporary England and Wales. Other researchers have highlighted specific influences to explain infant...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (1): 169–187.
Published: 01 February 2005
... the availability of kin (whether or not widowed and the number of living sons and daughters) and characteristics of the respondent's home (urban-rural residence; whether the respondent or spouse owned the respondent's home; a summative scale of amenities, including clean water, a toilet, facili- ties to cook...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (2): 405–427.
Published: 01 May 2009
...- nances, and farmland protection programs; and environmental regulations such as the Clean Water Act, shoreland and wetland zoning, and others). The existing literature includes developable lands (Cowen and Jensen 1998), qualitative environmental corridors (Lewis 1996), quantitative environmental...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1681–1704.
Published: 08 September 2020
... include availability of electricity; availability of clean water; type of sanitation; material of the floor; type of cooking fuels; and ownership of refrigerator, radio, television, motorbike, car, telephone, or bicycle. These are the indicators used in the construction of the DHS wealth index (Rutstein...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2005–2031.
Published: 05 December 2019
...Daniel S. Grossman; David J.G. Slusky Abstract Flint switched its public water source in April 2014, increasing exposure to lead and other contaminants. We compare the change in the fertility rate and in health at birth in Flint before and after the water switch to the changes in other cities...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (4): 623–633.
Published: 01 November 1993
..., DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. Wilson Larry F. , & Kelly Donald ( 1972 ). Illinois Tornadoes . Urbana : Illinois State Water Survey . Wilson W. Robert ( 1990 ). Climate Change—Factors and Forecasts . Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics , 38...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (4): 763–790.
Published: 01 November 2002
... immediate determinant is protection from environmental contamina- tion that can cause diarrhea, whether this contamination reflects poor parental cleanliness practices in the home or the lack of household sanitation and a clean water supply in the community. Mosley and Chen (1984) developed a framework...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (4): 607–620.
Published: 01 November 1986
... are bottlefed compared with those breastfed. This is primarily the result of the improper use of infant formula in poor areas of the world, where clean water is not always available and where uneducated or poor women may overdilute 607 608 DEMOGRAPHY, volume 23, number 4, November 1986 the preparation. Second...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 321–343.
Published: 08 November 2018
... conditioned by race and skin color. Dark-brown indigenous people and mestizos with indigenous phenotypic features systematically have less access to clean water and education than Mexicans with lighter skin. Using an audit field experiment, Arceo-Gomez and Campos-Vazquez ( 2014 ) found that Mexican...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (6): 1989–2012.
Published: 10 July 2013
... and 1936 reduced infant mortality, and minority neighborhoods may have received clean water later than white neighborhoods, although there is no evidence to suggest that the local introduction of this technology mirrored local school quality changes (Cutler and Miller 2005 ; Troesken 2002 ). Nevertheless...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (4): 601–616.
Published: 01 November 1990
... ideas concerning child care behavior. The importance of clean drinking water and flush toilets in the household to child survival seems clear: By removing pathogens from water and eliminating or reducing potential contact with feces, children who are most exposed to water and lavatory facilities-those...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (5): 1773–1796.
Published: 26 August 2015
... of a market with a (semi-) permanent building or larger shopping complex, the quality of roads (whether the majority of traffic uses an asphalt road), source of clean drinking water (pump or piped water), health care providers (maternity clinic/hospitals, health centers, and village maternity posts...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1427–1452.
Published: 15 July 2019
... that exposure to higher caste people in their locality will also matter. Higher caste neighbors might enforce the social rank of lower caste households, especially SCs, in ways that could create stress and limit access to common resources, such as clean water, which would matter for child health but would...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (1): 65–81.
Published: 01 February 1991
... aspects of a household's productive capacity and living conditions: land and boat ownership, husband's occupation, wall structure of dwelling, and access to clean drinking water. 8 The child mortality variable is a proxy for expectations about future child deaths; the breast-feeding variable is intended...