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Chinese System

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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 51–74.
Published: 01 February 2021
... georeferenced digital trace data is that these data contain no direct information on an individual's place of residence. Unlike a survey (which might ask respondents about their residential history) or an administrative records system (which requires individuals to register each change of address), digital...
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Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 859–875.
Published: 01 June 1967
... theoretical aspects of the Chinese system of reckoning ages, and the second section offers a method of collecting the age statistics of a Chinese population: A discussion of the errors found in the age returns and the unsuccessful measures taken to eradicate these errors in the Malayan censuses conducted...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1369–1391.
Published: 10 June 2020
...Ting Li; Wenting Fan; Jian Song Abstract Chinese society has experienced a dramatic change over the past several decades, which has had a profound impact on its household system. Utilizing the Chinese national census and 1% population survey data from 1982 to 2015, this study demonstrates...
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Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 363–384.
Published: 01 May 2004
...Xiaogang Wu; Donald J. Treiman Abstract The Chinese household registration system (hukou), which divides the population into “agricultural” and “nonagricultural” sectors, may be the most important determinant of differential privileges in state socialist China, determining access to good jobs...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 153–181.
Published: 11 March 2011
... indicator of childhood socioeconomic conditions. Such indicators of socioeconomic conditions are reasonable, reflect the uniqueness of the culture and socioeconomic system in China (Luo and Wen 2002 ; Zhu and Xie 2007 ; Zimmer and Kwong 2004 ), and are more predictive of health among older Chinese...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 223–243.
Published: 01 February 2008
.... In this analysis, we test the quantity-quality trade-off by using mainly the 1% sample of the 1990 Chinese Population Census. China has a poorly functioning education system, especially in rural areas, where poverty is the main reason that children drop out of pri- mary and high school (Brown and Park 2002). Using...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1677–1714.
Published: 21 September 2017
...Xin Meng; Chikako Yamauchi Abstract Since the end of 1990s, approximately 160 million Chinese rural workers migrated to cities for work. Because of restrictions on migrant access to local health and education systems, many rural children are left behind in home villages to grow up without parental...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (2): 293–301.
Published: 01 May 1991
... in the lunar calendar, and to compute age by converting the date to the Western calendar and subtracting from the date of the census or survey. If the questionnaire asks the individual's age, the Chinese system of reckoning age makes the The Effect of Age Misreporting in China 295 response ambiguous. In China...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (4): 563–573.
Published: 01 November 1987
... to the Chinese system (age 1 at birth, with I year added at each lunar New Year; see Cho, 1971; Saw, 1967; Seng, 1959). Preconceptions about the ages at which certain social events normally door normatively should-occur appear to underlie the tendency seen in both less and more developed countries for the ages...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 349–369.
Published: 01 February 2022
... from the 2010 Chinese Family Panel Studies (CFPS). China provides an ideal setting to examine this nuanced educational mating pattern because of its officially hierarchized system of higher education. Since 1959, the government has implemented a series of higher education policies to classify...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 331–340.
Published: 01 March 1967
... Indian Japanese Chinese Filipino All other ~ Non-white other Races Total Indian Japanese Chinese Filipino All Other FIG. 5Lists by main variable type: sample file sheet. A Design for a Census Information Retrieval System 337 many times is Indian tabulated as race? and (2) With other items, is Indian...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (4): 708–714.
Published: 01 November 1974
... of the socialist system logically proper and experientially true in the Chinese situ- ation, on the one hand. On the other hand, the requirements of socialist con- struction and economic development necessitate efforts to diffuse planned re- production under China's existingcir- cumstances. All this is consistent...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (5): 1309–1333.
Published: 01 October 2023
... and Loretto 2004 ). In the Chinese context, such age discrimination against women is institutionalized by a retirement system that compels women to retire earlier than men. Since 1951, China has mandated a retirement age for employees in the public sector, which was later extended to all sectors: age 60...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (3): 397–411.
Published: 01 August 1990
... of Colonial Taiwan, 1920-1945. Hatched areas are aboriginal regions not included in the regular statistical system. Seasonality and Development in Taiwan 399 for marriage. Since the Chinese New Year is linked to the lunar rather than the solar calendar, its exact date can vary according to the placement...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (2): 271–281.
Published: 01 May 2008
... of Statistics of China [NBS] 1991 2006). A TFR of 1.5 is not only well below replacement but it is also among the lowest national rates in the world. Many believe that China s reported fertility level is too low to be accurate and attribute this rate to the deterioration of the Chinese statistical system...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (3): 557–572.
Published: 01 August 2002
... Decline . Demography , 27 , 357 – 67 . 10.2307/2061373 Lee , J. , & Wang , F. ( 1999 ). Malthusian Models and Chinese Realities: The Chinese Demographic System 1700–2000 . Population and Development Review , 25 ( 1 ), 33 – 65 . 10.1111/j.1728-4457.1999.00033.x Li...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 995–1022.
Published: 01 June 2022
... to three major universities, large university health systems as well as many IT and pharmaceutical companies, and a rapidly growing population of Chinese and Indian immigrants (Tippett 2018 ). However, Chinese immigrants account for only 1% of the area's residents and are spatially dispersed, posing...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (1): 115–124.
Published: 01 February 1998
... . In D. Davis , & S. Harrell (Eds.), Chinese Families in the Post-Mao Era (pp. 307 – 34 ). Berkeley : University of California Press . Knodel, J., N. Chayovan, and S. Siriboon. 1992. “The Familial Support System of Thai Elderly: An Overview.” Comparative Study of the Elderly...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 739–762.
Published: 01 April 2021
... in instrumental ways to their family through grandparenting and other such caretaking or homecare assistance roles ( Chen and Liu 2011 ; Chen et al. 2011 ; Silverstein et al. 2007 ). Economically, given the tendency of developing countries like China to have fairly weak formal systems of social security, filial...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 123–145.
Published: 01 February 2023
... Republic of China (PRC). Under a centrally planned economy in the following three decades, the PRC initiated policies and campaigns for rapid industrialization and modernization: land reform; the establishment of the rural–urban hukou (household registration) system; agriculture collectivization...
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Includes: Supplementary data