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Childcare Time

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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 107–133.
Published: 08 February 2018
... (ATUS). We found marital status differentiated housework, leisure, and sleep time, but did not influence the amount of time that mothers provided childcare. Net of the number of employment hours, married mothers did more housework and slept less than never-married and divorced mothers, counter...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 1065–1091.
Published: 01 June 2021
.... We pay particular attention to the continued socioeconomic bifurcation in women's access to full-time stable work, assessing whether changes in the education-related time gap are due to changes in who works and how much. We find that the gap in active childcare time between mothers with a college...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (4): 401–414.
Published: 01 November 2000
... of mother substitutes for childcare, especially in large families. Today employed mothers seek ways to maximize time with children: They remain quite likely to work part-time or to exit from the labor force for some years when their children are young; they also differ from nonemployed mothers in other uses...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 813–833.
Published: 13 May 2019
... and children than infants. In our sample, more than 60 % of the women had never used any kind of childcare service provided by a nonhousehold member. Paternal grandmothers play important roles in helping with childcare and other family chores. Figure 2 provides direct evidence of the time paternal...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 25–49.
Published: 19 September 2012
... but not for those in lone-parent households. Time use data from 1975 and 2003–2008 reveal that working parents spend less time engaged in primary childcare than their counterparts without jobs but more than employed peers in previous cohorts. Analysis of 2004 work schedule data suggests that non-daytime work...
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Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (2): 391–395.
Published: 01 May 2005
..., likely reasons for the larger change, and the implications are discussed. 15 2 2011 © Population Association of America 2005 2005 Parental Time Maternal Employment Time Child Maternal Work Childcare Time References Bianchi , S. ( 2000 ). Maternal Employment and Time...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1867–1894.
Published: 04 October 2014
... of mother’s education, benefit from spending educational and structured time with their mothers, mothers who are high school graduates have the greatest difficulty balancing work and childcare. We find some evidence that fathers compensate for maternal employment by increasing types of activities that can...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1393–1414.
Published: 09 June 2020
... to investigate whether would-be grandparents’ propensity to care for their grandchildren influences the adult children’s transition to parenthood. Because grandparental childcare provision is not observable at the time of the transition to the first birth, I built a measure based on the characteristics of both...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1247–1272.
Published: 08 July 2019
... women’s childcare burdens affects other aspects of WEE, such as women’s time spent working, earnings, type of work, and autonomy. Last, we examine whether provision of childcare alters women’s fertility intensions. A third rationale may also underlie the reticence on the part of policy-makers to focus...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 1931–1954.
Published: 01 October 2021
... at the time of the first interview is associated with a higher likelihood that the mother will have a second child, work full-time, and have both a second child and full-time employment during the second interview. Father's involvement in childcare, however, is not consistently significant. Our study...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 115–134.
Published: 01 February 1997
... Housework Time Childcare Time References Becker G. S. ( 1974 ). A Theory of Social Interactions . Journal of Political Economy , 82 , 1063 – 93 . 10.1086/260265 Becker G. S. ( 1991 ). A Treatise on the Family . Cambridge : Harvard University Press . Becker G.S...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 1005–1029.
Published: 01 August 2023
... differences between men and women resulting from childbirth grow with the within-couple gender pay gap before childbirth ( Angelov et al. 2015 ). Regarding time dedicated to childcare, evidence from Germany ( Kühhirt 2012 ) and Spain ( Sevilla-Sanz et al. 2010 ) suggests that women's contribution...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1233–1247.
Published: 01 August 2022
... a profound impact on the lives of American families, but particularly mothers. For example, mothers were three times as likely to leave the labor market as fathers ( Heggeness and Fields 2020 ) following school and childcare closures and the transition to remote learning ( Barrosso and Horowitz 2021...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (2): 503–519.
Published: 01 May 2010
...Adriaan Kalwij Abstract This article analyzes the impact on fertility of changes in national expenditure for family allowances, maternity- and parental-leave benefits, and childcare subsidies. To do so, I estimate a model for the timing of births using individual-level data from 16 western European...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 847–870.
Published: 01 June 2021
... were alive. These supports include childcare services as well as financial assistance that adult children receive from their parents ( Albertini et al. 2007 ), which may increase fertility by making it easier to manage economic and time constraints ( Barber and Axinn 1998 ; Harknett et al. 2014...
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Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (2): 177–197.
Published: 01 May 1979
... time for employment and childcare is allocated freely according to prices and tastes, or whether time use is normatively and structurally constrained and thus itself is a price (De Tray, 1973; Easterlin, 1969; N arnboodiri, 1972; Tur- chi, 1975a). Economists have identified market structure...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (2): 341–369.
Published: 01 May 2009
... or taking time off for childcare may have little real productivity effects in itself but may neverthe- less generate signi cant wage effects whenever employers believe more family-oriented behaviors to be correlated with mothers lower productivity on the job and consequently decide to stigmatize working...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 61–98.
Published: 15 January 2020
... generalize to today’s ECEC programs for at least two reasons. First, Quebec’s childcare program is often considered to be of low quality (e.g., Haeck et al. 2015 ), although Baker et al. ( 2019 ) argued that the quality of care was similar to that of other developed countries at that time. Second...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 451–470.
Published: 01 April 2021
... with expensive childcare costs ( Blau and Robins 1989 ; Gelbach 1999 ; Leibowitz et al. 1992 ). At the state level, Ruppanner and colleagues (2019) showed that mothers spend more time engaged in childcare and less time in employment in states with more expensive childcare costs. These studies collectively...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (1): 27–53.
Published: 10 December 2015
.../2061036 Wallis , C. ( 2004 , March 22 ). The case for staying home . Time . Retrieved from http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,993641,00.html 4 11 2015 10 12 2015 © Population Association of America 2015 2015 Fertility Childcare Immigration...