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Child Rear

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Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (1): 55–63.
Published: 01 February 1990
...Tim B. Heaton Abstract Although there is evidence that the number and ages of children influence marital stability, studies have not systematically tracked the risk of marital disruption throughout the child-rearing years. This study uses marital and fertility histories from the June 1985 Current...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 559–576.
Published: 08 April 2020
... increase in mortality rates among highly educated mothers and those with above-median pension income. These results are consistent with the existence of a double burden on mothers’ health resulting from simultaneously child-rearing and working. On average, the mothers were 60 years old in 1990, had...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2257–2282.
Published: 08 October 2018
... of children vary throughout the distribution. Among families at or below the median, children of all ages were associated with wealth declines, likely due to the costs of child-rearing. However, at the 75th percentile and above, wealth increased with the presence of younger children but decreased after those...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (4): 449–458.
Published: 01 November 1970
.... Three methods of classifying segments of a person’s life into life cycle stages are compared: age, life cycle stages based on marital status and child-rearing periods, and a combined age-marital status classification. These classifications were not found to be equivalent in that there was considerable...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2215–2246.
Published: 01 December 2022
... mothers' higher likelihood of prior child-rearing experience explains part of the older-mother advantage for temperamentally insecure children. However, the aging process, which equips older mothers with enhanced maturity, more calmness, and therefore greater capacity to overcome adversities, seems...
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Includes: Supplementary data
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Published: 01 June 2023
–2.49 years. Model 1 (M1): null model. Model 2 (M2): childbearing and child-rearing phases and number of moves. Model 3 (M3): childbearing and child-rearing phases, number of moves, adult daughter's age, mother's age, mother's partnership status, and mother's educational level. Model 4 (M4 More
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (3): 785–807.
Published: 01 June 2023
...–2.49 years. Model 1 (M1): null model. Model 2 (M2): childbearing and child-rearing phases and number of moves. Model 3 (M3): childbearing and child-rearing phases, number of moves, adult daughter's age, mother's age, mother's partnership status, and mother's educational level. Model 4 (M4...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (2): 301–310.
Published: 01 May 1989
... is not controlled, however, the income effect becomes negative and significant. 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1989 1989 Family Size Income Effect Fertility Model Child Rear Fertility Decision References Becker , G. S. ( 1960 ). Universities National Bureau...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (2): 461–488.
Published: 01 May 2008
... for handling missing data. We conclude that parents’ ability to work together in rearing their common child across households helps keep nonresident fathers connected to their children and that programs aimed at improving parents’ ability to communicate may have benefits for children irrespective of whether...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (2): 333–336.
Published: 01 May 1975
... or decline before the child-rearing ex- penses of their families have peaked. Hence, she infers, there is in these fami- lies a growing gap between child-rearing expenses and the husband-father's in- come. This gap, she concludes, is surely an important determinant of wives' labor force participation...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (2): 219–233.
Published: 01 May 1989
... be expected to contribute to the costs of rearing their children. The study indicates that the amount that is currently paid in child support ($6.8 billion in 1983) is far below the amount that should be paid under the various standards—from $24 billion to $29 billion. 30 12 2010 © Population...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (4): 693–717.
Published: 01 November 2005
... rely on alternative child care providers, such as relatives, neighbors, and nannies, during the early stages of child rear- ing. By contrast, recent research has shown that Taiwanese mothers are less hesitant to leave their young children in the care of others, especially relatives, in order to work...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (4): 401–414.
Published: 01 November 2000
... of Human Resources , 15 , 219 – 39 . 10.2307/145332 Ho , T.J. ( 1979 ). Time Costs of Child Rearing in the Rural Philippines . Population and Development Review , 5 , 643 – 62 . 10.2307/1971975 Hofferth, S.L. Forthcoming. “Women’s Employment and Care of Children in the United...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 699–724.
Published: 07 November 2012
... can motivate investments in child rearing, including as an alternative to higher childbearing (Becker 1981 ). That is, parents may invest more resources in fewer children expecting that children with more schooling, higher earnings, or higher status will be better able, as adults, to provide support...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (1): 155–156.
Published: 01 February 1975
... "postparental" phase associated with low fertility is contrasted with the view that the hap- piest stages of marriage are those of childbearing and child rearing. The in- ference drawn is problematic even if we ignore questions of validity arising from correlated variables, such as conflict dur- ing...
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (2): 197–212.
Published: 01 May 1977
... to parental efforts and expenditures on child rearing. The effect of mother's schooling on IQ and S is assumed to be positive, reflecting both genetic and productivity factors influencing child achievements. Time devoted to child care presumably influences child quality positively. Birth order's influence...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (3): 371–389.
Published: 01 August 1982
... the Twentieth Century . In Richard A. Easterlin (Ed.), Population and Economic Change in Developing Countries (pp. 289 – 341 ). Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Poffenberger Thomas ( 1981 ). Child Rearing and Social Structure in Rural India: Toward a Cross-Cultural Definition...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (3): 277–290.
Published: 01 August 1996
..., and child rearing, what are the relevant fertility changes evident in vital registration data? In recent decades, the age pattern of fertility has shifted toward older ages. Using data from vital registration, we compare 1973 with 1988-two years when the total fertility rate was approximately 1.9. Taking...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 247–266.
Published: 01 February 2022
...' intentions and attitudes in sociological research. In response to the low total fertility rate (TFR) of 1.57 in 1989, the Japanese government began implementing a series of family policies in the 1990s. The first policy regarding child-rearing support in Japan was the 1992 Childcare Leave Legislation...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1361–1383.
Published: 11 August 2012
... college) tailor their child-rearing time to children’s developmental needs more so than high school–educated mothers. For example, because youngest child aged 0 to 2 is the reference category in models predicting time in basic care and play, a significant negative interaction between college educated...
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