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Causal inference

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Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (4): 763–784.
Published: 01 November 2008
... perspective to the problem of causal inference can hinder social and behavioral science. The second half of the article describes the “slippery slope” by which some demographic studies slide from providing a highly useful description about the population to using regressions to estimate causal models...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 525–548.
Published: 16 January 2019
...-varying methods for causal inference to test the independent effects of different types of changes in household composition on educational attainment. Experiencing changes involving nonparent, nonsibling household members has a significant negative effect on educational attainment that is similar...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (2): 607–628.
Published: 01 April 2022
... to perform tasks previously done by human workers—is one structural force driving the decline of manufacturing jobs and wages. In this study, we examine the impact of automation on age- and sex-specific mortality. Using exogenous variation in automation to support causal inference, we find that increases...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1647–1680.
Published: 01 September 2020
... peaked months before residents learned about the epidemic and its relation to congenital anomalies. This spatiotemporal variation supports analysis of both biological effects of Zika infection on fertility and the effects of learning about Zika risk on reproductive behavior. Causal inference techniques...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (2): 189–208.
Published: 01 May 1993
... differentials—such as age schedules of excess mortality in the single population or the relationship between the level of excess mortality and the relative size of the single population—to make inferences about the relative importance of selection and causal processes. In this paper, a simple mathematical...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 569–571.
Published: 01 November 2001
... and demographic processes researchers must be vigilant not to commit the errors of the past by misusing race as a variable. 14 1 2011 © Population Association of America 2001 2001 Birth Weight Skin Color Causal Effect Racial Difference Causal Inference References J. Adams...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (3): 707–729.
Published: 01 June 2023
... to prevent teen motherhood. Copyright © 2023 The Authors 2023 This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Teenage parenthood Mental health Causal inference Bayesian methods Statistical machine learning Both popular...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 773–784.
Published: 01 April 2021
... of dynamic selection, as manifested by time-varying exposures and covariates. Convincing modeling approaches depend on a balance between the strength of model assumptions (including consistency, sequential ignorability, and positivity) and the quality of the data. Standard methods for causal inference...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (2): 721–743.
Published: 09 March 2017
... unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Age-period-cohort analysis Identification Causal inference Mechanisms Front...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1221–1250.
Published: 26 July 2017
.... , Daniel , R. M. , Ploubidis , G. B. , & Micali , N. ( 2014 ). Mediation analysis with intermediate confounding: Structural equation modeling viewed through the causal inference lens . American Journal of Epidemiology , 181 , 64 – 80 . 10.1093/aje/kwu239 . Duncan , O. D...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 1765–1792.
Published: 01 October 2021
... information. Figure 2 illustrates the limitations of this approach for drawing causal inferences. Scholars have typically identified the association between the n th parental migration ( MN n )—or characteristics of the nth migration, such as financial remittances—and school-aged children's educational...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (2): 313–327.
Published: 01 May 1979
... are hypothetically eliminated in one of three ways: (a) a standard competing risk adjustment for cause elimination when deaths are singly caused (Chiang, 1968), (b) lethal defect-pattern of failure computations for multiply caused death when no causal order is inferred (Manton et al., 1976), and (c) relative...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2343–2347.
Published: 21 October 2014
...? The results of his approach to statistical inference—looking for evidence of a difference in rates of opposite-sex marriage—provide an absence of evidence of such effects. However, the validity of his conclusion of no causal relationship between same-sex marriage laws and rates of opposite-sex marriage...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1275–1298.
Published: 01 August 2022
... Association , 83 , 231 – 241 . Robins J. M , Hernan M. A. , & Brumback B. ( 2000 ). Marginal structural models and causal inference in epidemiology . Epidemiology , 11 , 550 – 560 . Rubin D. B. ( 1974 ). Estimating causal effects of treatments in randomized...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (6): 2075–2103.
Published: 26 October 2016
... men are living prior to incarceration. Despite existing evidence suggesting that incarceration may have deleterious consequences for asset ownership, there are steep threats to causal inference. It is possible that the observed individual-level relationship between incarceration and asset...
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Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (1): 91–108.
Published: 01 February 2005
... , S. , Foster , E.M. , & Furstenberg , F. ( 1993 ). Demography , 30 , 1 – 13 . 10.2307/2061859 Holland , P. ( 1986 ). “Statistics and Causal Inference.” . Journal of the American Statistical Association , 81 , 945 – 60 . 10.2307/2289064 Hotz , V.J...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2041–2063.
Published: 01 December 2021
... , 382 – 385 . Greenland S. ( 2003 ). Quantifying biases in causal models: Classical confounding vs collider-stratification bias . Epidemiology , 14 , 300 – 306 . Hernán M. A. ( 2012 ). Beyond exchangeability: The other conditions for causal inference in medical research...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (2): 283–284.
Published: 01 May 1986
..., if both the CBR and population density (through migration, mortality, etc.) respond to a third, omitted variable, causal inferences of the effect of density on the CBR will be ill-founded. Even if the true relationship, causal or not, between these two variables is weak, pooling the data will create...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1513–1541.
Published: 21 July 2020
... in mortality. This inference is generally consistent with a non causal interpretation of the diagram presented in Fig. 2 . Other researchers who have used the same Danish data have reached similar conclusions, observing null or attenuated effects when modeling within-twin pair differences in mortality...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (3): 329–350.
Published: 01 August 1973
... ). Problems in Path Analysis and Causal Inferences . In Edgar F. Borgatta (Ed.), Sociological Methodology: 1969 (pp. 38 – 73 ). San Francisco : Jossey-Bass, Inc. . Jain , S. P. ( 1964 ). Indian Fertility-Our Knowledge and Gaps, Part II . Journal of Family Welfare (Bombay) , 11 , 6...